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Escalator Safety

Safety Moment

Escalator Safety

•Escalators are certainly a convenience, but used improperly they
can be hazardous, causing unnecessary injuries.
•Although our accident rate is low; accidents do happen. Some
accidents cause serious injury - even death.

Safety Moment
 Escalators provide safe and convenient access in our rapid moving

society, but it is important to remember that they are unattended
machines without conscience. Every effort is made by the State of
Maryland to ensure their safe operation and YOU too can take part
by heeding these few simple rules.
USE care when stepping on and off
ATTEND small children at all times
HOLD the handrail
NO bare feet and avoid wearing floppy sandals and open-toe shoes
DO NOT run up or down the steps
NO carts or strollers
TIE all shoelaces

Accident Recorded

VIVAnews - Seorang anak laki-laki berusia 5 tahun mengalami kecelakaan
terjepit kaki kirinya di eskalator void barat lantai 1 pusat perbelanjaan ITC
Cempaka Mas, Jakarta Pusat. Kejadian tersebut terjadi pada malam ini,
Kamis, 28 Mei 2014.
(Ia pun menuturkan tentang proses evakuasi yang berlangsung selama lebih dari 1,5
jam. "Hampir 1,5 jam evakuasinya. Ibunya histeris tadi. Bingung. Waktu anaknya
kejepit, malah lari lagi ke atas. Mungkin nyari tombol mati eskalatornya. Sempet
pingsan juga 2 kali. Petugas keamanan, teknisi gedung langsung kesini, matiin, terus
ngebongkar eskalatornya," ujarnya.
Menurut Djarot, karena terjepit, seluruh jari kaki kiri anak tersebut putus. "Putus
semuanya, lima jari di kaki kiri. Saya lihat ada yang bawa tadi. Udah banyak
darahnya," ujarnya sambil memberikan ilustrasi kaki yang tertekuk sela eskalator.)

 Leher Terjepit di Eskalator ITC Ambasador, Seorang Bocah Tak Sadar Diri,

Kamis (15/11/2012).

Incident Statistic

Statistics of Escalator Failure
In a study of escalator deaths from 1992 to 2003, the Consumer Product Safety Commission
(CPSC) reported 24 non-work-related escalator deaths of passengers in the U.S., for an average
of about two deaths per year.
Eight of these deaths were the result of passengers having their clothing caught (“caught
in/between” injuries) at the top or bottom of the escalator, or between the stair step and the
side wall of the escalator.
Sixteen deaths were a result of falls, some of which involved major head trauma.
The CPSC estimates that falls cause 75 percent of the 6000 escalator injuries per year in the
U.S., with entrapment causing 20 percent, and other causes at the root of the remaining five
“Caught in” injuries tend to be more serious and are more frequently seen in children under the
age of five.
Escalator design is typically questioned in regard to injuries and deaths on escalators.
According to a consumer alert issued in 1999, the high number of entrapment injuries may be a
result of the faulty nature of their design.
Escalators designed and manufactured before 2002 do not likely meet the more stringent
requirements for escalator skirt safety that were enacted through the revised ASME Safety Code
for Elevators and Escalators that year.

Incident Statistic
 Statistics of Escalator Failure
 City and state governments are fairly diligent in ensuring that annual public

escalator inspections are carried out and reported.
 However, the CPSC is not authorized to regulate escalators as it does other
products such as automobiles or personal equipment, so escalators and
escalator parts are not subject to federal accident inspections or parts recalls.
Without a requirement of public parts recalls due to defect, there is little widely
available printed information regarding escalator defects.
 When an escalator product is identified by the manufacturer as having a design
defect, it is only required to send out a product letter by certified mail to
equipment owners. Thus, the press and general public rarely find out about
such faulty products until deaths or several injuries have occurred.

Escalator Brands with Documented Failures

 Examples of some of the escalator parts and systems

that have been defective and included within legal
action due to death or injury of passengers or
workers include:

Montgomery Escalator
Wiring design issues are believed to have caused an escalator
accident at Coors Field in Denver, Colo., which injured 30 people.

Westinghouse Elevator Company (now Schindler)
The 460 Westinghouse escalators at the Metro stations
throughout Washington, DC, are reported to repeatedly have
broken steps which then become lodged at the end plates at the
top or bottom of the escalator through misalignment. When the
steps become lodged, the escalator steps buckle and fracture,
which abruptly halts the operating walkway and jars the
passengers who are additionally at risk of injury due to metal
fragmentation. Seven such incidents occurred in one month alone
in December, 1990.

Escalator Brands with Documented Failures
 Schindler Elevator Company
A faulty component of the Schindler escalator at the St. Louis
Blues Stadium is suspected as the cause of the three-story
escalator’s malfunction in which several steps collapsed into each
other as a result of an increase in the escalator’s speed and
subsequent collapse of the side rails. Thirteen people were
injured in the October 2009 accident.

Safety sign

Safety sign

Fact and Number

About 10,000 escalator-related injuries per year result in emergency
department treatment in the United States. Since the 1990s, a steady
increase has been reported, but few statistics on escalator-related
injuries have been published worldwide.
We have therefore analyzed escalator accident statistics in admissions
to our hospital in Switzerland since 2000

Fact and Number

Distribution of age in men and women
receiving emergency treatment for
escalator-related injuries.

One hundred seventy-three accidents in
173 patients were identified, 87 (50%)
in women and 86 (50%) in men. Sixtyone percent (53/87) of the women and
44% (38/86) of the men were > 60
years (P = 0.033; Figure 1). Two
fatalities occurred: cardiac event (prior
to accident) and intracranial bleeding
(result of accident).

Fact and Number

Our data demonstrated that 43/86 (50%) of the men and 6/87 (7%)
of the women showed signs of alcohol intoxication (P < 0.0001;
Figure 2). The majority of accidents were caused by slipping or falling
(133; 77%). The next most frequent cause was fellow passengers (19;
11%). Twelve percent of the accidents had other causes (personal
items, disregarding usage guidelines, or escalator malfunction: each
< 6%). Gender differences for drug intoxication and the use of
personal items were not statistically significant (Figure 2).

Distribution of accident
associated risk factors in
men and women receiving
emergency treatment for
escalator-rrelated injuries.

Fact and Number

Distribution of injured body regions in
men and women receiving emergency
treatment for escalator-related injuries.

Fact and Number
Distribution of injury types in men
and women receiving emergency
treatment for escalator-related

Two hundred eighty-five injuries were reported in 173 patients (Figure
3), with 160 soft tissue injuries seen in 160 (92%) patients, 76 fractures
in 46 (27%) patients, 4 dislocations in 4 (2%) patients and 31
craniocerebral injuries in 31 (18%) patients (Figure 4). Fourteen injuries
belonged to none of the categories mentioned above. The following types
of fractures occurred: 18 (24%) skull/cervical fractures, 16 (21%) upper
extremity fractures, 22 (29%) rib fractures, 5 (7%) hip fractures, and 15
(20%) lower extremity fractures. Of 4 dislocations, 2 involved the
shoulder, 1 a facet joint of the cervical spine, and 1 of the teeth.

Safety Moment

Thank - You