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Geisler, Norman Systematic Theology II Chapters 2 and 3


Chapter 2
God’s Pure Actuality and Simplicity
Pages 30-57 For test purposes pay close attention to biblical

support for the attributes highlighted in chapter 2.

God’s Pure Actuality and Simplicity
Actuality—that which is in act or that which is

(existence). This is in contrast to “potentiality”— that which can be, or potential for existence. Pure actuality is that which has no potential to not exist or to be anything other than it is. Pure actuality has no potential of any kind, to say nothing of the potential to cease to exist. It is pure act.

Biblical Basis for God’s Pure Actuality
God exists independently of all else: Gen. 1:1; Col.

1:17; Ps. 90:2; Rev. 1:8; Rev. 1:17; John 17:5, cf. 17:24; Rev. 13:8; 17:8.
God gives existence to everything else: Gen. 1:1; Gen.

1:21; John 1:3; Col. 1:16; Rev. 4:11; Acts 17:25; Rom. 11:36; 1 Cor. 8:6; Col. 1:17; Heb. 1:2; Heb. 2:10.
God is pure existence: Ex. 3:14; John 8:58, 59.

The Theological Basis for God’s Pure Actuality
Pure actuality follows from God’s

“uncausality.” God is the uncaused Cause of everything that exists.
Pure actuality follows from God’s Necessity.

A necessary Being is by definition on who cannot not exist.

God’s Simplicity
“Simp le mea ns wit has pa hout p rts can ar t s , f o come a means r what part. S indivis imple ible; th capabl also e o f be at is, G ing div od is n ided.” ot Geisle r, p. 39

God’s pure actuality is fundamental to the classical

orthodox view of God, from it all the other basic metaphysical attributes can be derived. The simplicity (indivisibility) of God is also a fundamental attribute of classical theism. Simplicity undergirds not only many of the other crucial attributes of God but also all other doctrines based on them.

Chapter 3
God’s Aseity and Necessity
Pages 48-73 For test purposes pay close attention to biblical

support for the attributes highlighted in chapter 2.

God’s Aseity

Definition of God’s Aseity: “Aseity comes

from the Latin aseite, meaning literally “of oneself.” Used of God, it denotes that He exists in and of Himself, independent of anything else. He is self-existent.” ~Geisler, p. 58

God’s Necessity, p. 64
A necessary Being is one whose nonexistence is impossible; that is, if a necessary Being exists, then He must exist necessarily. This can be stated in at least four ways. A necessary Being is
(1)A Being whose nonexistence is not possible; (2)A Being whose existence is essential; (3)A Being whose essence is to exist; (4)A Being whose essence and existence are identical.

God’s Necessity, p. 64
In contrast to a necessary Being, a contingent being is
(1)A being whose nonexistence is possible; (2)A being whose existence is not essential; (3)A being whose essence is not to exist; (4)A being whose essence and existence are not


{Be able to discuss the contrast between a necessary Being and a contingent being.}

Biblical and Theological Basis for God’s Necessity
Biblical Basis  Gen. 1:1  Ps. 90:2  John 1:3  Acts 17:25  Rom. 11:36  Col. 1:16  Rev. 1:8; 3:14

“God has both aseity and necessity; His existence is inherent and necessary. He exists in Himself, and He cannot not exist. Unlike creatures, whose existence is derived from another and is contingent, God’s existence is both uncaused and independent.” ~Geisler, p. 72