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Geisler, Norman Systematic Theology II Vol.

Week 6, Session 1 Chapters 20-21

Systematic Theology 11 Week 6, Session 2 Chapter 20 “The Creation of Spiritual Creatures (Angels)” pp. 474-499

The Origin of Angels
The term angel is technically referring to messengers. However, “angels” is the term commonly used of all spiritual creatures. Angels are not eternal; they were created (Ps. 148:2, 5; Col. 1:16; Neh. 9:6: Gen. 2:1; Job 38:6-7)

Titles of Spiritual Beings
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Living Creatures (Rev. 4:6) Angels (“messengers”) (Dan. 4:13) Angels of God (John 1:51) Elect Angels (1 Tim. 5:21) Holy Angels (Rev. 14:10) Powerful angels (2 Thess. 1:7) Chief princes (Dan. 10:13) Ministers (Ps. 104:4, NKJV) Sons of God (Job 1:6; 2:1, NKJV) Sons of the mighty (Ps. 89:6, NKJV) Mighty ones (Ps. 26:9; 103:20) gods (elohim—Ps. 8:5) Holy Ones (Dan. 8:13; Zech. 14:5; Job 15:15) Stars (Job 38:7; Rev. 12:4) Host (of heaven) (Gen. 2:1, NKJV; Neh. 9:6; Luke 2:13) Chariots (Ps. 68:17; Zech. 6:1-5)

Names of Angels
• Michael—name means “Who is like God?” He is called “one of the chief princes” (Dan. 10:13), and the “archangel” (Jude 9). Also referred to as “the leader of the heavenly army (Rev. 12:7). He disputed with Satan (Jude 9) and will lead in the final victory over the devil after the thousand year reign of Christ (Rev. 12:7) ~Geisler, p. 476

Names of Angels
• Gabriel—name means “Devoted to God.” He “stand[s] in the presence of God” (Luke 1:19). He makes special announcements for the one to Zechariah (Luke 1:11-13). He appeared to Mary (Luke 1:26-33), and he is a revealer of God’s kingdom purposes (Dan. 9:21-22; 8:16). ~Geisler, p. 476

Names of Angels
• Lucifer—called “son of the morning,” who fell and became devil. He has many names in his fallen state; the most common are listed in Revelation 12:9: “The dragon was hurled down— that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray.” ~Geisler, p. 476

Discussion Question
There are some who argue that Lucifer is not Satan, that the two are distinct. Be sure to refer to my article in this folder which explores the argument that Lucifer is another name for Satan. Be prepared to take a position in the dialogue and support your position with Scripture.

The Nature of Angels
Angels Are Genderless (Matt. 22:30; Luke 20:35-36) Angels Never Die (Luke 20:35-36) Angels Have Free Will (1 Tim. 3:6; Jude 6; 2 Pet. 2:4) Angels Have Great Power (Gen. 19:10-11; 2 Thess. 1:7; Matt. 24:31; 28:2-3; 2 Pet. 2:11) • Angels Are Persons (Isa. 6:3; cf. Rev. 4:8-9; Luke 15:10) • Angels Are Beautiful (Isa. 6:1-2; Ezek. 1:15-16; cf. 22, 28; 28:12-14; Dan. 10:5-6; Matt. 28:3; 2 Cor. 11:14) • • • •

The Purpose of Angels
• To Glorify God (Rev. 4:11; Ps. 148:2) • To Serve God (Col. 1:16; Job 1:6; 2:1) • To Reflect God’s Attributes (Isa. 6:3; Ezek. 1:5; 28) • To Learn God’s Wisdom and Grace (Eph. 3:10; 1 Pet. 1:12) • To Minister to God’s Elect (Heb. 1:14; Matt. 18:10; Job 1:6; 2:1; cf. Ps. 91:11; Gen. 18:2ff.; Dan. 10:1ff.; 12:1; cf. Eph. 6:12; Luke 16:22)

The Position of Angels
• Archangel—There is a rank among both good and evil angels (demons). A the top is the archangel (Michael) (Dan. 12:1). • Chief Princes—Under Michael there are other chief princes (Dan. 10:21; cf. Dan. 10:13). • Cherubim—Proclaimers and protectors of God’s glory (Gen. 3:24; Ps. 80:1; 99:1; Ezek. 10:1; cf. 1:28; Heb. 9:5) • Living Creatures—Function appears to be to worship God and direct His judgments (Rev. 4:7-8; Ezek. 1:6). • Seraphim—Proclaimers of God’s holiness (Isa. 6:2-3) • Angels—The most common designation of God’s spiritual creatures, meaning “messenger” occurs 273 times in the Bible.

The Abode of Angels
• The general sphere of angels is in heaven. • The sphere of activity of angels is focused in the second heaven, though some are active in the third heaven by the Throne of God (2 Cor. 12:2, 4). • Evil angels abide in the second heaven too (Dan. 10:13).

Special Abilities of Angels
• To traverse great distances in a short time. • To perform miracles. • To materialize (assume bodily form). • To communicate. • To occupy NO space.

The Theological Basis for Angelology
• Angels are above humans. • Angels are pure spirits. • Angels are aeviternal --not in time, but can relate to it. They are not eternal in that they have a beginning. • Angels are immoral, they cannot die. • Each angel is a species (kind) of its own. Cannot reproduce. No way to divide or multiply. • Angels do not change in nature, they have a fixed nature from the moment of their creation. • Angels are irredeemable. Once they fall they cannot be redeemed, they are doomed forever.

Read chapter 21, “The Sustenance of all Creation,” pp. 500-517. This chapter basically reiterates the fact that God created everything that is created, His creative power is still at work, and He is also the sustaining force of creation. Pay attention to pages 508-511, “Origin Science vs. Operation Science”