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# PRESENTED BY :

ANJALI SAINI
ROLL NO. 17
VI-J

## A geometric shape is the geometric information which

remains when location, scale,orientation and reflection are
removed from the description of a geometric object.[1]That
is, the result of moving a shape around, enlarging it,
rotating it, or reflecting it in a mirror is the same shape as
the original, and not a distinct shape..

## COMPARISON OF TWO LINE SEGMENT MEANS FINDING AN

ORDER BETWEEN THEIR LENGTHS.
i.e., Which of them is longer than the other.
We can compare two line segments by different methods.

## Compare Two Line

Segments Method

Comparison by
Observation

Comparison by

Comparison by Divider
or Compus

## From the above, it is clear that the

method of comparing two segments by
observation is not always correct

## The line segments are compared with the help of a

forefinger and thumb of one hand at A and those of the
other hand at B. Now lift the hands keeping the thread
tight in same position. Place one end at c and the other

## There are three possibilities

a. The other end is exactly on D
i.e., AB = CD (fig. 11.5(i)

## b. The other end is beyond D.

i.e., AB > CD (fig. 11.5(ii)

## c. The other end is between C and

D.
i.e., AB < CD (fig. 11.5(iii)

## The line segments are compared with

the help of a divider or a pair of
compasses

## Two segments are equal or congruent if they are of

same length.

Example : If B is the mid-point of Ac and C is the midpoint of BD where A,B,C and D are collinear, show that
AB= CD.
Sol. :
B is the mid-point of AC
AB = BC
..(i)
Again C is the mid-point of BD
CD = BC
..(ii)
From (i) and (ii), we get
AB = CD

KINDS OF ANGLE
Acute angles

KINDS OF ANGLE

Right angles

90o on a
protractor

A right angle
will occur
when a
horizontal
line and a
vertical line
meet.

If the angle
between two
lines is a right
angle then the
lines are
perpendicular
to each other.

Horizontal

Horizontal

Horizontal

Horizontal

KINDS OF ANGLE
Obtuse angles
1

KINDS OF ANGLE
Straight angles

180o on a
protractor

## A straight angle is an angle of 180o

180o on a
protractor

KINDS OF ANGLE
Reflex angles
1

Reflex angles are greater than 180o but less than 360o

KINDS OF ANGLE
Complete angle

KINDS OF ANGLE
Zero angle

## Two LINES ARE SAID TO BE PERPENDICULAR IF

THE ANGLE BETWEE THEM MEASURES 90. AB IS
PERPENDICULAR TO DC IS WRITTEN AS AB DC
Note : Two rays
or two segments
are
perpendicular to
each other if the
lines containing
then
are
perpendicular.
Two