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STRUCTURE OF PRESENTATION
•Background
•Definition of Availability
•Scheduling methodology
•Operation philosophy
•Real time scheduling
•Metering and billing
•Pre-requisite
•Effect of new tariff

BACKGROUND:ECC Virginia Consultants, appointed by Govt. of India
and Asian Development Bank to study “Bulk Power and
Transmission Tariff and Regulation” recommended for a
shift from PLF to availability based scenario in order to
improve discipline in Power Sector in the year 1994.
CERC (Central Electricity Regulatory Commission) was
constituted through Indian Electricity Regulatory Act
1998.
CERC issued order for implementation of ABT w.e.f.
1.4.2000 in Northern Region (NR) and accordingly
issued the ABT order dtd. 4.1.2000. Implementation of
ABT got delayed due to various petitions by constituents.

THE SCHEDULING OF NCR STATIONS HAD
BEEN DONE AS PER ABT PROVISION SINCE
01.08.01 WITHOUT COMMERCIAL MECHANISM.
THE 128TH NREB BOARD MEETING ON 16.09.02
DECIDED TO IMPLEMENT ABT IN NR W.E.F.
01.12.02
WITH
FULL
COMMERCIAL
MECHANISM.
REAL TIME SCHEDULING ACTIVITY WAS
ALREADY TAKEN OVER BY RCC (REGIONAL
CONTROL CENTRE) FROM 11.11.02.

What is Availability?
The readiness of the generating station to deliver
Ex-Bus output.
It is different from the earlier terminology which
includes only the status whether in service
(100%) or out of service (0%).
The term availability in the present context
could be defined as the MW capability of the
generator for supplying to the grid after
accounting for planned and unplanned outages,
auxiliary consumption and deration due to nonavailability of auxiliaries, fuel, water etc.

COMPONENTS OF ABT  CAPACITY CHARGES  ENERGY CHARGES  UNSCHEDULED INTERCHANGES  INCENTIVE .

Capacity Charges • Return on Equity • Depreciation • O&M Charges • Interest on Working Capital • Interest on Loan • Taxes on Income. if any Energy Charges • Cost of Primary Fuel (Coal. Gas) • Cost of Secondary Fuel .

) • 60 days stock of secondary fuel oil corresponding to T.A.A. • Maintenance spares maximum of 1% of historical capital cost escalated @ 6% per annum from COD (Commercial Operation Date) • Receivables equivalent to two-months average billing calculated on T.A.Working Capital • O&M expenses for one month • Coal cost for two months for non-pit head stations corresponding to Target Availability (T. .

AVAILABILITY BASED TARIFF (ABT) Capacity Charge payable based on Declared Capability (DC) Energy Charge realised on Scheduled Generation (SG) and not on actual generation i. variable charge payable on commitment from constituent Frequency linked incentive/penalty Unscheduled Interchange (UI) for .e.

Unscheduled Interchange(UI) Charges: Variation between actual generation or actual drawal and scheduled generation or scheduled drawal shall be accounted for through Unscheduled Interchange (UI) Charges. Charges for all UI transactions shall be based on average frequency of the time block. UI for a beneficiary shall be equal to its total actual drawal minus its total scheduled drawal. UI shall be worked out for each 15-minute time block. . UI for a generating station shall be equal to its actual generation minus its scheduled generation.

10.0 paise/kWh in the 49.2004: (Each 0.0 paise/kWh in the 50. and to 9.02 Hz step is equivalent to 6.8 Hz frequency range.0 Hz frequency range) .Applicable rates with effect from 1.5-49.8-49.

5 50 FREQUENCY 50.UI RATE UI CHART 600 400 200 0 48.5 .5 49 49.

36 49.32 50.44 50.44 49.50 49.06 49.40 50.54 49.06 50.04 49.26 49.16 49.28 49.00 49.34 50.56 49.38 50.24 49.84 49.00 408 417 426 435 444 453 462 471 480 489 498 507 516 525 534 543 552 561 570 .78 49.32 49.10 49.08 50.66 49.48 50.46 50.62 49.92 49.70 49.48 49.12 50.12 49.42 49.20 49.02 49.88 49.24 50.28 50.80 49.36 50.96 49.20 50.38 237 246 255 264 273 282 291 300 309 318 327 336 345 354 363 372 381 390 399 49.34 49.22 49.30 49.10 50.94 49.60 49.82 49.14 0 6 12 18 24 30 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 96 102 108 50.76 114 120 126 132 138 144 150 156 162 168 174 180 186 192 198 204 210 219 228 49.Frequency UI rate Frequency UI rate Frequency UI rate Frequency UI rate 50.42 50.46 49.64 49.02 50.90 49.98 49.14 49.72 49.52 49.26 50.74 49.08 49.16 50.22 50.86 49.30 50.50 50.04 50.18 49.18 50.58 49.68 49.40 49.

MERITS OF ABT • ECONOMIC GENERATION • MERIT ORDER DESPATCH • GRID DISCIPLINE • GENERATION RELATED TO THE NEEDS OF THE GRID • ADHERENCE TO THE SCHEDULE • FINANCIAL PENALTY / INCENTIVE FOR UNSCHEDULED INTERCHANGE • TRADING IN SURPLUS POWER .

Scheduling Methodology Each day starting from 00:00 hr. as declared by generator. The DC. . will be divided into 96 time blocks of 15-minute intervals. The declaration will be for the capability of the generating station to deliver ex-bus MWh for each time block of the day. would form the basis of generation scheduling. The generator will make an advance declaration of capability of its generating station.

the generator shall ensure that their DC during peak hours is not less than that during other hours.While making or revising their DC. . Based on the declaration of the generator. exception to this rule shall be allowed in case of tripping/re-synchronisation of units as a result of forced outage of units. RLDC shall communicate their shares to beneficiaries out of which they shall give their requisitions. However.

RLDC shall also formulate the procedure for meeting contingencies both in the long run and in the short run. the scheduled and actual net drawals shall be at their respective receiving points. For beneficiaries. RLDC shall prepare the economically optimal generation schedule and drawal schedule and communicate the same to generator and beneficiaries.Based on the requisitions given by beneficiaries and taking into account technical limitations on varying the generation and also taking into account the transmission system constraints. the transmission losses shall be apportioned to their drawals. For calculating the net drawal schedules of beneficiaries. All the scheduled generation and actual generation shall be at the generator’s ex-bus. . if any.

The revised SG will become effective from the 4th time block. Actual generation of the station for each time block. . hereinafter referred to as AG. RLDC will revise the SG on the basis of revised DC. The revised DC will also become effective from the 4th time bock. counting the time block in which the revision is advised by the generator to be the first one. will mean Actual MWh Sent Out ex-bus from the generating station.Scheduled generation (SG) of the generating station for each time block will mean the Scheduled MWh to be Sent Out ex-bus from the generating station. In case of forced outage of a unit.

outage. RLDC will revise the schedules which will become effective from the 4th time block. . Also. failure or limitation in the transmission system. second and third time blocks of such an event. counting the time block in which the bottleneck in evacuation of power has taken place to be the first one. associated switchyard and substations owned by CTU (as certified by RLDC) necessitating reduction in generation. the SG of the station will be deemed to have been revised to be equal to AG and also the scheduled drawals of beneficiaries will be deemed to have been revised to be equal to their actual drawals.In the event of bottleneck in evacuation of power due to any constraint. during the first.

. Revised SG/DC in such cases shall become effective from the 6th time block. counting the time block in which the request for revision has been received in RLDC to be the first one.In case of any Grid Disturbance. SG of all Generating Stations and Scheduled Drawal of all beneficiaries shall be deemed to have been revised to be equal to their AG/Drawal for all time blocks affected by the Grid Disturbance. Revision of DC by generator(s) and requisition by beneficiary(ies) for the remaining period of the day will also be permitted with advance notice. Certification of Grid Disturbance and its duration shall be done by RLDC.

. the revised schedules shall become effective from the 4th time block. RLDC observes that there is need for revision of schedules in the interest of better system operation. at any point of time.If. including post facto deemed revision. it may do so on its own and in such cases. counting the time block in which the revised schedule is issued by RLDC to be the first one. there shall be a corresponding revision of scheduled drawals of beneficiaries. Generation schedules and drawal schedules issued/revised by RLDC shall become effective from designated time block irrespective of communication success. For any revision of SG.

In case of a generating station. contracting to supply power only to the State in which it is located.A procedure for recording the communication regarding changes to schedules duly taking into account the time factor shall be evolved by CTU. metering and energy accounting shall be carried out by the respective State Load Despatch Centre. the scheduling. .

. the corresponding UI charges due to the generating station on account of such extra generation shall be reduced to zero and the amount shall be adjusted in UI account of beneficiaries in the ratio of their capacity share in the generating station. and the generator shall be entitled to UI charges for such excess generation above SG.(i) Any generation up to 105% of DC in any 15-minute time block and averaging up to 101% of the average DC over a day shall not be construed as gaming. and if gaming is found by the RLDC. (ii) For any generation beyond the prescribed limit. the Regional Load Despatch Centre (RLDC) shall investigate so as to ensure that there is no gaming.

The quantum of penalty for the first mis-declaration for any duration/block in a day shall be the charges corresponding to two days fixed charges. . These books shall keep record of machine operation and maintenance. For the second mis-declaration the penalty shall be equivalent to fixed charges for four days and for subsequent mis-declarations.Demonstration of DC: The generating company may be required to demonstrate the DC of its generating station as and when asked by the RLDC of the region in which the generating station is situated. the capacity charges due to the generator shall be reduced as a measure of penalty. In the event of the generating company failing to demonstrate the DC. the penalty shall be multiplied in the geometrical progression. The operating log books of the generating station shall be available for review by the Regional Electricity Board.

OPERATION PHILOSOPHY UNDER ABT Commercial declaration of DC without gaming Advance/prompt intimation of DC revisions Conservative DC declaration during start-up Generation above SG (up to 105% of DC in a block and up to 101% of DC over a day) during low freq. spells Backing down above the threshold frequency .

3 Hz 90 80 70 48 48.5 50 50.AG/DC plot against Average Frequency (Ideal) (SG=90%DC) 110 AG/DC (%) 100 BEF 50.5 .5 49 49.5 Av. Frequency (Hz) 51 51.

ACTIVITIES CARRIED OUT BY RCC RCC IS THE NODAL AGENCY FOR INTERACTION WITH RLDC/REB FOR SCHEDULING AND RELATED ACTIVITIES COMPILATION OF DAY AHEAD DC REVISIONS THEREOF FROM STATIONS AND COMMUNICATING DAY AHEAD DC AND REVISIONS TO RLDC. ALSO ENSURING ITS TIMELY IMPLEMENTATION OBTAINING SCHEDULE AND REVISIONS FROM RLDC OR THEIR WEBSITE AND INFORMING STATIONS .

AG WITH STATION AND RLDC AND FORWARDING THE DATA TO COMMERCIAL DEPTT. MINIMUM AND RAMP UP / DOWN (as per IEGC or INDIAN ELECTRICITY GRID CODE) AND OTHER DISCREPANCIES AND TAKING CORRECTIVE STEPS RECONCILIATION OF DC. SG. CHECKING OF SCHEDULE FOR TECH.ACTIVITIES CARRIED OUT BY RCC… CONTD. COMPILATION OF UI REPORTS RECEIVED FROM STATIONS PREPARATION OF VARIOUS MIS .

to RLDC RLDC prepares the injection and drawal schedule based on the above and releases the same by 17:00 hr.SCHEDULING AS BEING FOLLOWED Stations are declaring their max. . Ex-bus DC = (Gross CapacityNorm. For the current day. This schedule subsequently undergoes revision as per the ABT procedure already described. Constituents can revise their DC or drawal requirement and inform to RLDC and based on which RLDC issues the revised schedule by 23:00 hr. APC) The generators to send their day ahead DC in prescribed format by 9:00 hr. any of the above information can be got at any time of the day. every day to RLDC through RCC RLDC in turn communicates the same to constituents and the constituents are required to send their requisition by 15:00 hr.

04 TIME OF ISSUE 1000 0 unit DC 4 0 0 From (Hrs) DC TO SCE.04 FOR DATE To (Hrs) From (Hrs) DC Time 765 0 0 To (Hrs) 0 0 0 DC 00:00 00:15 765 08:00 08:15 765 16:00 16:15 765 00:15 00:30 765 08:15 08:30 765 16:15 16:30 765 00:30 00:45 00:45 01:00 765 765 08:30 08:45 08:45 09:00 765 765 16:30 16:45 16:45 17:00 765 765 01:00 01:15 765 09:00 09:15 765 17:00 17:15 765 01:15 01:30 765 09:15 09:30 765 17:15 17:30 765 01:30 01:45 01:45 02:00 765 765 09:30 09:45 09:45 10:00 765 765 17:30 17:45 17:45 18:00 765 765 02:00 02:15 765 10:00 10:15 765 18:00 18:15 765 02:15 02:30 765 10:15 10:30 765 18:15 18:30 765 02:30 02:45 02:45 03:00 765 765 10:30 10:45 10:45 11:00 765 765 18:30 18:45 18:45 19:00 765 765 03:00 03:15 765 11:00 11:15 765 19:00 19:15 765 03:15 03:30 765 11:15 11:30 765 19:15 19:30 765 03:30 03:45 03:45 04:00 765 765 11:30 11:45 11:45 12:00 765 765 19:30 19:45 19:45 20:00 765 765 04:00 04:15 765 12:00 12:15 765 20:00 20:15 765 04:15 04:30 765 12:15 12:30 765 20:15 20:30 765 04:30 04:45 04:45 05:00 765 765 12:30 12:45 12:45 13:00 765 765 20:30 20:45 20:45 21:00 765 765 05:00 05:15 765 13:00 13:15 765 21:00 21:15 765 05:15 05:30 765 13:15 13:30 765 21:15 21:30 765 05:30 05:45 05:45 06:00 765 765 13:30 13:45 13:45 14:00 765 765 21:30 21:45 21:45 22:00 765 765 06:00 06:15 765 14:00 14:15 765 22:00 22:15 765 06:15 06:30 765 14:15 14:30 765 22:15 22:30 765 06:30 06:45 06:45 07:00 765 765 14:30 14:45 14:45 15:00 765 765 22:30 22:45 22:45 23:00 765 765 07:00 07:15 765 15:00 15:15 765 23:00 23:15 765 07:15 07:30 765 15:15 15:30 765 23:15 23:30 765 07:30 07:45 765 15:30 15:45 765 23:30 23:45 765 07:45 08:00 765 15:45 16:00 765 23:45 24:00 Rem arks The technical minimum loading is 80% of the MCR of units on b ar Ex bus TOTAL MW HR unit DC includes: Units in reserve S/D MW 0 0 The Beneficiaries may b e advised to Schedule their drawl considering the merit order of their own generation.11. RCC 765 18360 MW H 0 0 0 0 .AVAILABILITY FROM SCE. The ramp up rate is 1 MW /Min/unit SCE. and the share of the b eneficiary in ISGS. RCC NOIDA DECLARED CAPABILITY (EX BUS) OF DADRI MSG NO DTDC REV NO FORMAT A DECLARATION(EX BUS) COAL 0111R0 0 TOKEN NO Units anticipated on bar at 00.00 hrs of next day Units to go under planned S/D during next day Units likely to return after S/D during next day From (Hrs) To (Hrs) DATEOF ISSUE 01..11. generation of IPPs . licensees etc. NRLDC 01.

AFTER PERSUASION HALF AN HOUR ADVANCE INFORMATION ABOUT SG REVISION IS GIVEN PRESENTLY. HOWEVER. . THE NRLDC HOME PAGE DISPLAYS AND UPDATE REVISION STATUS.SCHEDULING AS BEING FOLLOWED SG REVISIONS FOLLOWING DC REVISIONS ARE FOLLOWED UP BY RCC. INITIALLY NRLDC WAS GIVING ONLY 5 TO 10 MINUTES FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF SG REVISIONS.

IF ANY. IS BROUGHT TO THE NOTICE OF NRLDC DISCREPANCIES FOR THE PERIOD MONDAY TO SUNDAY ARE SORTED OUT BY NEXT WEDNESDAY NRLDC FORWARDS DATA FOR THE ABOVE PERIOD ON THURSDAY TO NREB .SCHEDULING AS BEING FOLLOWED THE IMPLEMENTED SCHEDULE IS DISPLAYED AFTER A LAPSE OF 2-3 DAYS ON NRLDC WEBSITE THE SAME IS CHECKED AND DISCREPANCY.

PRESENT STATUS OF SCHEDULING • PRESENTLY. THE MINIMUM SG FOR COAL STATION IS 70% OF DC (AGREED IN 334TH OCC). UNITS ARE STOPPED IN CONSULTATION WITH NRLDC UNDER LOW DEMAND. . FULL DC IS ACCEPTED BY NRLDC AND SCHEDULE IS ISSUED AS PER RUNNING UNITS.

the RLDC shall forthwith make a complete check and rectify the same. AG data submitted by RLDC. This schedule shall be the datum for commercial accounting. shall be open to all constituents for any checking/verification for a period of 20 days.fact advice to RLDC. In case any .. Stations are required to send the Special Energy Meter readings to RLDC every Monday.mistake/omission is detected. weekly UI statement and monthly Regional Energy Accounts (REA) are prepared by REB. Based on DC. SG. . the SG finally •implemented during the day (taking into account all before-the-fact changes in despatch schedule of generating stations and drawal schedule of States) shall be issued by RLDC. The procedure for scheduling and the final schedule issued by RLDC. The average ex-bus capability for each ISGS (Inter State Generating Station) shall also be worked out based on all before -the.On completion of the operating day by 24:00 hr.

I. BTPS FREQUENCY.REA ISSUED BY NREB • DC. . MINOR DISCREPANCIES (OF OUR INTEREST) ARE INGNORED. SG & AG ARE RECONCILED WEEKLY WITH NRLDC AND INFORMED TO STATIONS. IF ANY. IN REA AND UI ACCOUNT. AND NREB REFERENCE FREQ.E. THIS APPEARS TO BE DUE TO THE DIFFERENCE IN STATION FREQ.. • THERE IS MIS-MATCH IN UI FIGURES GIVEN BY NREB AS COMPARED TO STATION FIGURES. • RECONCILED FIGURES ARE INFORMED TO NCR COMMERCIAL GROUP FOR FURTHER RECONCILIATION WITH NREB.

if any. • NTPC regional commercial deptt. Data is also available on website.Metering / Data Collection / Billing • Data is downloaded from SEM through a hand held device which is then loaded to a PC. • The processed data is then sent to REB for the purpose of preparing REA. collects REA from REB and raises bills based on the same to its beneficiaries inclusive of incentive payable. . • A separate software in PC converts the raw data into “Excel Form” by RLDC.

Metering / Data Collection / Billing REA prepared by REB contains followings: • Monthly and cumulative DC of each ISGS • Scheduled Energy from each ISGS to various beneficiaries • Bilateral and inter-regional exchange details • A separate weekly UI statement is issued by REB indicating UI payable and receivable • UI pool account is maintained by RLDC .

Installation of special energy meters for recording the system parameters at a specified time interval (15-minute) System for certification of DC. preparation of energy account and UI Metering scheme to be jointly approved Scheduling/operating rules/guidelines to be finalised with SLDC Mode of communication (for transmission of DC/SG) between SLDC and RCC/BTPS. Dedicated hardware in control room Software for comparing SG vs AG on real time basis . RLDC / SLDC & RCC.PRE-REQUISITE / INFRASTRUCTURE REQUIREMENT FOR ABT Reliable and dedicated voice & data communication link between BTPS.

Evolution of Tariff Pre-1992 period Single part tariff considering the fuel cost and other costs assuming a certain level of minimum performance Post-1992 period a) Fixed charge performance) Two part tariff (full recovery at specified level of b) Variable charge (fuel charge) including FPA (Fuel Price Agreement) December 2002 onwards (ABT) Three part tariff a) Capacity charge b) Energy charge including FPA (schedule based) c) Unscheduled Interchange charge .

C. recovered when T.49% PLF Full F. recovered at 62.C.49% PLF including deemed generation 21.) are linked to Actual drawal Fixed Charges are linked to the Availability 50% F.A.C.C. is achieved (80%) Incentive on PLF based on Actual Generation Incentive related to PLF based on Scheduled Generation only Incentive rate @1 paisa/kWh for every 1% increase in PLF above 68.5 paise/kWh for scheduled PLF above 77% and up to 90% PLF on annual basis . at zero availability Full F.C. ensured even at 0% PLF Zero F.Comparison of Tariff Systems Tariff before2001-02 Tariff after 2001-02 Fixed Charges (F.

e.f.Comparison of Tariff Systems Tariff before2001-02 O&M charges to be 2. 1.4.5% of current capital cost escalated @10% per annum Tariff after 2001-02 Base level of O&M to be average of actual expenditure in last five years escalated twice at 10% to bring it to 1999-2000 level.2001 No provision for 5% of the fixed charges to be Developmental Surcharge additionally billed as Developmental Surcharge . the base level to be escalated @6% per annum w.

6.0% All tax on Income including Incentive is pass-through Existing system to continue Fuel risk generally passed on to beneficiaries Fuel risk with NTPC .24% Depreciation Coal .3.84% Gas .6% Gas .Comparison of Tariff Systems Tariff before2001-02 Certifies deemed generation Incentive billing as per actual drawal ROE = 16% Tariff after 2001-02 No such certification Incentive billing in the ratio of energy scheduled beyond target PLF ROE = 16% Operational Norms Same norms for all operational parameters except PLF and Availability Depreciation Coal .8.7.

04 Where tariff has been determined through transparent process of bidding in accordance with guidelines issued by the Central Government.0% PLF = kWh sent out / kWh sent out corresponding to Installed Capacity Auxiliary power = (Energy consumed by auxiliaries + transformer losses within the station) 4 5 .03.04. the Commission shall adopt such tariff in accordance with provisions of the Act 1 2 Target availability = 80% DC cannot be more than Installed Capacity Target availability = 80% There is no such provision 3 Capital expenditure includes reasonable amount of capitalised spares PLF = kWh generated / kWh at Installed Capacity Auxiliary power = (Gross energy – Energy delivered at switchyard) Capital expenditure includes amount of capitalised spares as % of original project cost as follows: Coal 2.04 Provisions from 01.5% Gas 4.Provisions as on 31.

5 ml/kWh Debt equity ratio = 50:50 10 Return on equity = 16 % 11 Transit loss of coal: No norms Provisions from 01.6 7 8 9 Provisions as on 31.0 ml/kWh Debt equity ratio = 70:30 Where equity employed is more than 30%.04.03. half of that for PLF above 90% Specific oil consumption: 3. rail fed: 0.04 Scheduled PLF for incentive = 77% Incentive rate 50% of the fixed charge/unit subject to max.8% . the amount of equity for determination of tariff shall be limited to 30% and the balance amount shall be considered as the normative loan (modified now) Return on equity = 14% Transit loss of coal: Pit head: 0.3%. 21.04 Scheduled PLF for incentive = 80% Incentive rate 25 p/kWh for PLF above 80% Specific oil consumption: 2.5 p/kWh up to 90%.

5% GAS 3% (C/C).4 9. 1% (O/C) . twice escalated at 10%.04.03. for 2000-01 onwards 6 % escalation every year Provisions from 01. 1% (O/C) GAS 3% (C/C).04 0&M Cost Based on normative Rs.0% 500 MW 7.04 0&M Cost For 2000 -2001: Average actual cost from 1995-2000./MW escalated @ 4% every year from 2005-06 For 2004-05 Gas 200 MW 500 MW 5.12 13 14 Provisions as on 31.5% 200 MW 9.0% 500 MW 8.36 Depreciation Depreciation Straight-line depreciation up to Straight-line depreciation up to 90% considering different life 90% considering different life for for different components different components Auxiliary power Auxiliary power 200 MW 9.2 10.

5 Hz to 49.02 Hz Generation above DC up to 5% in a block subject to 1% in a day qualifies for UI Development Surcharge No provision for Development Surcharge .04.0304 15 Heat Rate Coal 200 MW 2500 500MW 2500 Gas C/C O/C Anta 2100 3150 Auraiya 2125 3190 Dadri 2100 3150 F’bad 2000 2900 K’kulam 2000 2900 Kawas 2100 Gandhar 2125 16 UI rate: 0 to 420 p/kWh For freq.02 Hz No UI for generation above DC 17 Development Surcharge Provision for billing 5% Capacity Charge as Development Surcharge Provisions from 01.04) For freq. 50. 50.Provisions as on 31.5 Hz to 49.09.04 Heat Rate Coal 200 MW 2500 500MW 2450 Gas C/C O/C Anta 2075 3010 Auraiya 2100 3045 Dadri 2075 3010 F’bad 2000 2900 K’kulam 2000 2900 Kawas 2075 3010 Gandhar 2000 2900 UI rate: 0 to 600 p/kWh (up to 30.

‘Availability' in relation to a thermal generating station for any period means the average of the daily average Declared Capacities (DC) for all the days during that period expressed as a percentage of the installed capacity of the generating station minus normative auxiliary consumption in MW. and shall be computed in accordance with the following formula: N Availability = 10000 x  DCi / {N x IC x (100-AUXn)} % i=1 where IC = Installed Capacity of the generating station in MW. and AUXn = Normative Auxiliary Energy Consumption as a percentage of gross generation ‘Declared Capacity’ or ‘DC' means the capability of the generating station to deliver ex-bus electricity in MW declared by such generating station in relation to any period of the day or whole of the day. . duly taking into account the availability of fuel. N = Number of days during the period. DCi = Average Declared Capacity for the ith day of the period in MW.

IC = Installed Capacity of the generating station in MW.‘Plant Load Factor' or 'PLF' for a given period. expressed as a percentage of sent out energy corresponding to installed capacity in that period and shall be computed in accordance with the following formula: N PLF = 10000 x  SGi / {N x IC x (100-AUXn) }% i=1 where. and AUXn = Normative Auxiliary Energy Consumption as a percentage of gross generation . N = Number of time blocks during the period. means the total sent out energy corresponding to scheduled generation during the period. SGi= Scheduled Generation in MW for the ith time block of the period.

7xACC7)/12 9th month = (9xACC9 .4xACC4)/12 6th month = (6xACC6 .3xACC3)/12 5th month = (5xACC5 . ACC5.10xACC10)/12 12th month = (12xACC12 . ACC7.Total Capacity Charges payable to the thermal power generating company for the: 1st month = (1xACC1)/12 2nd month = (2xACC2 .11xACC11)/12 where ACC1.2xACC2)/12 4th month = (4xACC4 . 7th.1xACC1)/12 3rd month = (3xACC3 . 10th. ACC4. 4th. 9th. ACC10.6xACC6)/12 8th month = (8xACC8 . 8th. ACC6. ACC2. ACC9. 6th. 5th.5xACC5)/12 7th month = (7xACC7 . 11th and 12th month respectively. ACC11 and ACC12 are the amount of Annual Capacity Charge corresponding to ‘Availability’ for the cumulative period up to the end of 1st.8xACC8)/12 10th month = (10xACC10 . . 2nd. 3rd. ACC8. ACC3.9xACC9)/12 11th month = (11xACC11 .

1 NO.RCC SET UP S. DEDICATED FOR FAX 1 NO.1 NO. PARTICULARS 1 MANPOWER AVAILABILITY REMARKS 2IN EACH SHIFT 2 PC 3 E5 --. E2/E3 -. NO. P3 3 FAX MACHINE 2 PC LINKED 4 VOICE RECORDER 1 5 BSNL PHONE 3 6 SATCOM 2 7 RAX 1 8 HOTLINE TO RLDC 1 9 INTERNET 1 NO. DEDICATED FOR FAX AVAILABLE THRO' DIAL UP & NTPC SERVER 10 MESSAGING/FILE TRANSFER AVAILABLE THRO' LOTUS NOTES 11 ON-LINE DATA FROM NRLDC AVAILABLE THRO' CDAC SYSTEM .