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SCHOLASTICISM!!!!!

By Molly Cain
AP EURO!

So what is scholasticism??
Lets check answers.com
The dominant western
Christian theological and
philosophical school of the
Middle Ages, based on the
authority of the Latin Fathers
and of Aristotle and his
commentators.

Origins
Came from obscure beginnings
Found a home in medieval universities
Oxford
Paris
Cologne

St. Anslem, first Scholar


Faith seeks understanding

High Period
13th and 14th centuries
Schools of translation
William of Moerbeke's
translations and editions
of Greek philosophical
texts
Universities developed in
this period

A bit more on universities


The major ones: University of Oxford, est.
1167; University of Cambridge, est. 1209

Drama in the Catholic Church?!?


Rival clerical orders within the church began to battle
for political and intellectual control of the universities

Franciscans
Dominicans

Franciscans
Founded by Francis of Assisi in 1209
Following Anselm, their leader
Bonaventure supposed that reason can
only discover truth when philosophy is
illuminated by religious faith

Dominicans
Founded by St. Dominic in 1215
Mission to propagate and defend Christian
doctrine

Thomism
Philosophical
school during
scholastic period
Founded by St.
Thomas Aquinas
Follower of Aristotle
Thomism revitalized
12th century
scholasticism for
the 13th century

Second Scholasticism
Revival of scholastic system of philosophy
in the 16th century
Reaction to the Protestant Reformation
Helped by the founding of Society of
Jesus, the Jesuits, in 1540 by Ignatius
Loyola

Neo-scholasticism
Defined as the revival and development
from the second half of the 19th century of
medieval scholastic philosophy
Also called neo-Thomism
Sought to restore fundamental doctrines of
13th century scholasticism

Scholasticism in the States


The University of Notre Dame, founded in
1842 by Rev. Edward F. Sorin
Georgetown University founded in 1773
Catholic University of America founded in
1887

A quick sidenote.

Cornell University!
Freedom of
religion in the
Ivy League!

Impact
The method of scholasticism sought to
understand the fundamental aspects of
theology, philosophy, and law.
Scholasticism founded a method of
learning based on reasoning and making
inferences
Eventually the scholastic method was
applied to many fields of study
Harmonized medieval Christian figures

More impact.
Increased importance of education
Peter Abelard (1079 April 21, 1142)
Advocated peaceful cooperation of
science and religion: Albertus Magnus

Impact on Modern European


History
Oxford tops many global university
rankings
Scholastic method still used in universities
and schools all over
Importance of philosophy and reason in
modern education
Scholastics focus on supporting Roman
Catholic doctrines through secular study,
reason, and logic

Scholasticism, summed up

How are we to
reconcile reason with
revelation, science
with faith, philosophy
with theology?

GO
CATHOLICS!