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Badami Chalukya architecture

The Badami Chalukya architecture was a temple, building idiom that
evolved in the time period of 5th – 8th centuries. in the area
of Malaprabha basin, in present day Bagalkot district (North Karnataka)
of Karnataka state. This style is sometimes called the Vesara style
and Chalukya style. Their earliest temples date back to around 450 in
Aihole when the Badami Chalukyas were feudatories of the Kadamba of
Banavasi. The Badami Chalukyas contribution to temple building matched
their valor and their achievements in battle.

Sheshadri wrote of the Chalukya art that they cut rock like Titans but finished like jewellers. one each in Vedic. columned hall and a sanctum cut out deep into rock. Early experiments in rock cut halls were attempted in Aihole where they built three cave temples. Later they refined their style and cut out four marvellous cave temples at Badami. Art critic Dr. . but the inner hall contains rich and prolific sculptural symbolism. M. One noteworthy feature of these cave temples is the running frieze of Ganas in various amusing postures caved in relief on each plinth. Buddhist and Jaina styles.Badami cave temples Cave temple at Badami Karnataka Badami cave temples have rock cut halls with three basic features: pillared veranda. The outside verandas of the cave temples are rather plain.

Their caves include finely engraved sculptures of Harihara. Paravasudeva. the serene art of the Badami Chalukya reappeared in the pillared architecture of the Vijayanagar Empire. Tandavamurthi. It is said that the Virupaskha temple is one of those monuments where the spirit of the men who built it. This is a fully inclusive temple. Nataraja. Of the ten temples in Pattadakal. six are in Dravidian style and four in Rekhanagara style. Plenty of animal and foliage motifs are also included . Mahisa Mardhini. Many centuries later. Varaha. The external wall surface is divided by pilasters into well-spaced ornamental niches filled with either sculptures or perforated windows. Themantapa is pillared and has perforated windows (pierced window screens). Trivikrama. Gomateshvara and others. Art critic Percy Brown says about the sculptures that they flow into the architecture in a continuous stream. The Virupaksha temple in many ways holds resemblance to the Kailasanatha temple in Kanchipuram which came into existence a few years earlier. The main sanctum has a Pradakshinapatha and mantapa. it has a central structure. nandi pavilion in front and has a walled enclosure that is entered by a gateway. still lives.The finest structural temples are located in Pattadakal.

There are paintings of amorous couples on the ceiling. Other features include Shiva and his consort Parvati with a coiled serpent and the 18 armed lord Nataraja in 81 dancing poses . It is made of red sandstone and has a hall with numerous pillars and a square shaped sanctum hollowed in the control back wall.Cave temple 1 may be the oldest in Badami.

Badami Cave-I the first shrine has at its entrance Shiva’s door keepers. etc. There is a neatly carved perfect figure of Mahishasuramardini and several other rock –cut dwarf images of kubja ganas. are on the ceiling. Vidhyadhara couple. dancing Ganapati.. . etc. to the right inside is the figure of Shiva of about five feet height and in the tandava dancing pose with 18 arms. Nagaraja or snake king. Beside him are Nandi.

Badami-Cave-2 the second cave and on its front are the guards or dvarapalakas holding lotus in their hands. East and West walls of the cave have large images of Bhuvaraha and Trivikrama.Cave temple 2 is dedicated to Vishnu (as Trivikrama) with one foot mastering the Earth and the other the sky. Vishnu is also portrayed as Varaha and Krishna. On the ceiling are engraved Ananthashayana. Vishnu. Bramha. Shiva and Asthadikpalakas .

An inscription found here records the creation of the shrine by Mangalesha in 578. . and is the best and the biggest. and it has splendid giant figures of Paravasudeva. The bracket figures on the piers here are some of the finest. Badami-Cave-3 the third cave is dedicated to Vishnu. Harihara and Narasimha. All these statues are engraved in a vigorous style. Varaha. with carvings of ganas on the plinth. Harihara and Trivikrama.Cave temple 3 dates back to 578 AD. There are some paintings on the ceiling and the style indicates maturity but has lost its original dazzling colour. The façade of the cave is nearly 70 feet wide. illustrating the culture and clothing of the 6th century. It contains examples of Deccan art. Bhuvaraha. Vishnu as Narasimha. There are high relief carvings of Vishnu with a serpent.

The pedestal contains an old Kannada inscription of the 12th century A. In addition to it.D.Cave temple 4 relates to 6th century Jainism. Badami-Cave-4. the fourth cave is Jaina which lies a little east of cave III. which registers the death of one Jakkave. Scores of Jaina Thirthankara images have been engraved in the inner pillars and walls. Yakshas and Yakshis. Some scholars assign the cave to the 8th century . there are some idols of Bahubali. Mahavira is depicted in a sitting posture. The sanctum is adorned by the image of Mahavira. There is a carving of the Tirthankara Parshavnatha (with a serpent at his feet).