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PRESENTATION BY

Name

Matrix

Mohamad Radzi B. Mohd Sojak

FB14009

Afifah binti Othman

MA 14092

Rachel Ling Lee Shin

FB14026

Yap poh guan

FA13023

Ahmad Sapuwan Bin Abu Bakar

EA13052

Fatin Aisyah Nur Aida Binti Ahmad Lazimi

FA14108

Segregation
segregation or
separation of one
ethnic group by
another ethnic group.

integration
Consolidation process in
groups of different ethnic
backgrounds into a single
entity that is bound by the
norms and values ​and
common interests [National
Identity]

Malays ethnic are concentrated in the villages
and work as peasants, farmers, fishermen,
craftsmen, and etc..
Ethnic Chinese are concentrated in urban
areas and working in the mine, engage in the
retail business and etc..
Indians concentrated in estates and
plantations. Tappers, construction workers
and others.

a separate ethnic relations in terms of cultural.British colonial rule for 170 years in this country led to the doctrine of divide and rule is intended to maintain the power and dominance of the colonial economy. economic. The British introduced the policies of economic development and at the same time encourage the entry of foreign workers from China and India. . Proceedings of the British indirectly alter the racial composition of the country. and shelter. During the British colonial era. During the British colonial era. social. political.

Integration can only be transformed when people of various ethnic groups that are willing to apply the elements of • accommodation • acculturation • Assimilation .In the Malaysian context. religious. national integration among the ethnic groups separate from the cultural. social and residential areas.

.Accommodation is a process that requires the cooperation of two or more parties with different goals to establish a goal that can satisfy both parties Acculturation the process of adopting the cultural elements among individuals or groups of any other culture different Assimilation is a process of absorption of cultural elements from one culture to another culture.

CHALLENGES OF INTEGRATION IN MALAYSIA .

Dengan kata lain.pemikiran atau kepercayaan negatif oleh sesuatu kelompok sosial terhadap kelompok social yang lain berdasarkan ciri-ciri fizikal dan biologinya. 5. stereotaip ialah gambaran yang berlebih-lebihan tentang sesuatu perlakuan baik atau buruk yang ditujukan kepada sesuatu kumpulan atau etnik oleh etnik lain. sama ada berbentuk positif atau negatif. .RACISM / PERKAUMAN: Pandangan. ETHNOCENTRISM/ ETNOSENTRISME: Kepercayaan atau rasa bangga yang wujud dalam kalangan etnik bahawa budaya dan etnisiti mereka adalah lebih baik dan unggul berbanding kelompok lain.FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENCETUS PERPECAHAN : 1.DISCRIMINATION/ DISKRIMINASI : Merujuk kepada layanan buruk sesuatu kumpulan etnik terhadap kumpulan etnik lain.STEREOTYPES/ STEREOTAIP: Kenyataan umum terhadap sesuatu kumpulan etnik. 2. 3.PREJUDICE / PRASANGKA: Kesimpulan yang dibuat berdasarkan perasaan dalaman (negatif) individu/kelompok terhadap individu/kelompok yang lain tanpa bukti / maklumat yang betul.biasanya oleh kumpulan etnik dominan terhadap kumpulan etnik minoriti. 4.

Prentice Hall Malaysia) . (2006. kemahiran kerja.Noor : Perpecahan juga boleh berlaku apabila wujudnya konflik antara kumpulan masyarakat.Kuala Lumpur.Perpecahan boleh berlaku jika wujudnya konflik: Menurut Prof. kedudukan lokasi kelas. pendapatan dan budaya hidup yang sesetengahnya membatasi peluang mobiliti sosial mereka untuk keluar dari golongan miskin.Hubungan Etnik Di Malaysia.taraf pendidikan.Dr Mansor Mohd.

KERUMITAN MENANGGUNG KOS HIDUP YANG TERUS MENINGKAT. 5.KEMISKINAN 2. PERKHIDMATAN AWAM YANG KURANG MEMUASKAN 4. GEJALA SOSIAL YANG BERLELUASA DAN WUJUD BANYAK KUMPULAN SAMSENG.KONFLIK INI BERLAKU DISEBABKAN: 1.KETERPINGGIRAN DAN KETIDAKSAMARATAN DALAM MASYARAKAT. .PENGANGURAN 3.

• Memperkenalkan konsep 1 Malaysia oleh Perdana Menteri Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak dengan slogan “ Rakyat didahulukan Pencapaian Diutamakan” .PERANAN KERAJAAN: • Memupuk semangat hubungan etnik yang harmoni menjadi agenda untuk kerajaan yang dilaksanakan menerusi perancangan dasar-dasar tertentu.

Aspek: -Penerapan terasteras perpaduan .Penerapan dalam nilai-nilai aspirasi. .TUJUAN 1 MALAYSIA Melahirkan bangsa Malaysia yang lebih berdaya tahan dalam menghadapi cabaran yang dibawa oleh arus globalisasi. Memperkukuhkan hubungan dan kerjasama antara rakyat pelbagai etnik di Negara ini.

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some of the concepts and terms related to it should be understood Cultivate and maintain unity among ethnic .DEFINITION To understand more clearly about the programs Jabatan Perpaduan Negara dan Integrasi Nasional as well as issues of national cohesion and integration.

HISTORY .

• Majlis Gerakan Negara (MAGERAN) was established from 13 mei 1969 • 1 july 1969.Majlis Penasihat Perpaduan Negara was esablished on 23 february 1971 to nurture and preserve unity among ethnic . MAGERAN establish Jabatan Perpaduan Negara (JPN) to overcome the issue related to racial unity • After MAGERAN dissolved .

Majlis Penasihat Perpaduan Negara is placed under the responsibility of Jabatan Perpaduan Negara(JPN) JPN placed under Kementerian Perpaduan Negara dan Pembangunan Masyarakat and then under Jabatan Perdanan Menteri with the name of Perpaduan Negara dan Integrasi Nasional (JPNIN) .

Isssue 13 Mei 1969 MAGERAN established 1 julai 1969 JPN established MAGERAN dissolved Majlis Penasihat Perpaduan negara established in 23 february 1971 JPN is placed under Kementerian Perpaduan dan Pembangunan Masyarakat JPN is placed under the responsibility of Jabatan Perdana Menteri with name JPININ .

Government Policy .

.Dasar Kebudayaan Kebangsaan .GOVERNMENT POLICY Socio-economic policy .Dasar Pendidikan Kebangsaan .Dasar Ekonomi Baru Reinforced by the Rukun Negara which is the ideology of our country.

Dasar Pembangunan Negara Dasar Wawasan Negara Dasar Sosial Negara Enhanced by Wawasan 2020 Objective : To reduce and control political actions that will affect the unity among people. .

STRATEGIES THAT FOSTER AND ENHANCE UNITY AND INTEGRATION Strategy Persefahaman Politik Strategi Keseimbangan Ekonomi Strategi Sistem Pendidikan Strategi Penggunaan Bahasa Kebangsaan Strategi Kepercayaan Agama Strategi Kebudayaan Strategi Integrasi Wilayah Strategi Keselamatan .

Strategi Pembangunan Kawasan Strategi Penggunaan Tenaga Manusia Strategi Media Massa Strategi Kesukanan Strategi Perpaduan dan Pertubuhan Sukarela Strategi Penyelidikan dan Penerbitan Bahan Bacaan Strategi Pemantauan Isu-isu Semasa dan Konflik .

Strategi Penubuhan Panel Penasihat Perpaduan Negara (PANEL) dan jawatankuasa Penasihat Perpaduan Peringkat Negeri (JKPPN) Strategi Program dan Aktiviti Perpaduan Memperkasakan Sekolah Kebangsaan Memperkasakan Sekolah Wawasan Memperkenalkan Program Latihan Khidmat Negara (PLKN) .

Role of community in the context of ethnic relation .

Rukun Tetangga Year 1975  Rukun Tetangga is introduced.  Focus on the concept of neighbourhood to foster the spirit of neighbourhood among the community. 1 Januari 1983  The govornmont has made changes to Peraturan Perlu(Rukun Tetangga) 1975.  The objective is to control the safety in residental areas. Tahun 2000  A more complete community developement towards national unity .

To create a peaceful and harmony community and to build stronger relationship between each other.Open house Can be seen during festivals of different races in Malaysia. . People of different races visits each others. Deepavali Halal foods are prepared when inviting Malay friends to come over for the celebration of festival. Tolerance among different races: Chinese New Year. Hari Raya Aidilfitri Beef is not prepared for Indian friends.

ACCEPTANCE OF THE CULTURE .

In fact. Chinese and Kadazan Dusun was wearing baju kurung and baju Melayu. the trend of dressing and enjoying Malay food has become a normal for nonMalay ethnic. .Non-Malay communities such as the Chinese. and Indians as well as the natives ethnic groups in Sabah and Sarawak has received Malay ethnic cultures in terms of clothing and food. the non-Malays such as Indian. For example.

Indian Food Malay Food .

For the Malays. . they began to receive Chinese and Indians cuisine. and the giving of duit raya have been using the envelopes or Ang Pow which are famous among the Chinese people.

Malaysia.  Similar to the Niujie Mosque 1.000 years old in Beijing China . Kelantan.The architecture of buildings and mosques also have the characteristics of an ethnicity. For example:  Sultan Ismail Petra Silver Jubilee Mosque (Masjid Jubli Perak Sultan Ismail) or known as Beijing Mosque is a Chinese-style mosque in Rantau Panjang.

Malaysia . Beijing Beijing Mosque.Niujie Mosque.

PROGRAMS AT INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER LEARNING (IHL) .

For example:  Hari Raya is celebrated in the university regardless of race and religion. . holds activities and programmes related to the unity among students.  Lantern Festival activities are also accompanied by the Malays. especially the Student Affairs through associations.Encouragement of the Administration.

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exhibitions and lectures. was not dominated by a particular ethnic group. but also comprises various ethnic groups. Students are also encouraged to intensify and enhance the co-curricular activities such as sports programs. associations. clubs. . Unity Club or Club Rukun Negara was established in universities as an effort to instill awareness of the importance of ethnic unity.In the area of student leadership.

.The content of courses closely related to the educational aspects of harmony in a multi-ethnic can instill spiritual values and culture.  Subject Ethnic Relations. For example:  The subject of Nationhood.  The subject of Islamic civilization and Asia.

ROLE OF NGO IN THE CONTEXT OF ETHNIC RELATIONS .

• Objective of establishment-accelerate the process of ethnic relation in Malaysia. .Established to provide a variety of dialogues and seminars in understanding the problem and its solution. • NGO : Majlis Belia Malaysia (MBM)  Its leadership is composed of multi-ethnic • NGO that composed of mono-ethnic are :      Pergerakan Belia 4B Persatuan Belia Tamil Dewan Perniagaan Cina Dewan Perniagaan India Malaysia Dewan Perniagaan Melayu Malaysia Aim .

• Science and technology  Factors increasing ethnic relations in Malaysia for economic progress in science and technology. o o Koridor Raya Multimedia(MSC) Akademi Sains .etc: o o  industry biotechnology Funds and grants from the private sector and the establishment of certain institutions is generating and economic development in country.

Multinational Corporation (MNC)  Sponsored activities that foster unity among the various ethnic communities. o education sponsorship/scholarship o Care for the environment o welfare  Also known as Corporate Social Responsibility program. (CSR) .program conducted are.

CONCLUSION .

The purpose of the effects to celebrate the diversity is to create harmony among Malaysian. The involvement of all parties are able to improve our efforts towards strengthening the relationship among ethnics. This diversity is a uniqueness to the Malaysian community. . Every citizen must respect the identity and rights of other ethnic.Every ethnic has their own specific identity and practiced by their people.

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