The Role of the ISPS code in the Maritime Industry


Main Aim Of Project:  To evaluate solutions to facilitating the implementation of ISPS (International Ship and Port Facility and Security) code.


Objectives of the Project:

To review the important role of ISPS code as a starting point can begin to make the maritime industry safer.

To analyze the requirements for implementation of ISPS code by governments, port authorities and shipping company.

To establish an International framework involving co-operation between contracting governments and government agencies.

Examine to make the ISPS code more user-friendly applied and workable.


What is ISPS code?
The International Ship and Port Facility Security code (ISPS code) is a comprehensive set of measures to enhance the security and port facilities, development in response to the perceived threats to ships and port facilities in the wake of the 9/11 attacks in the United States.


What does the Code apply?

It applies to ships engaged on international voyages. It applies to the following types of ships. Passenger ships, including high-speed passenger craft. Cargo ships, including high-speed craft, of 500 gross tonnage and upwards. Mobile offshore trading units. It also applies to port facilities , serving ships engaged on international voyages.

 • •

Matters not covered by the code
The ISPS code is not panacea – does not deal with all the aspects of ship’s and port security:
 

security of ships and facilities not covered under the code. the security of the cargo/supply chain.


The advantages of ISPS code in the Maritime Industry.
 Higher safety and security and lower risk.
 Better control on port’s area,  Better documentation (Having unified standard for documents).

 Better working environment.

The disadvantage of ISPS code in the Maritime Industry.
 Slow work progress.  More paper work.  More costs.  More administration works.



Satisfaction level of ports from the ISPS code – UNCTAD 2007 9

Methodology:  Interviews with Shipping Companies and Port Authorities.  Questionnaire to the manager of the Security and Safety department.  Critical reading journals.  Web site databases


References – Publications:
1) Anderson, P. (1998), ISM Code, “A Practical Guide to the Legal and Insurance Implications”, LLP. 2) Herbert-Burns, R. (2009), “Lloyd’s MIU Handbook of Maritime Security”, Taylor & Francis Group, pp. 308-321. 3) Farthing, B. and Brownrigg M. (1997), “Farthing on International Shipping”, LLP, pp. 205209. 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) Jones, S.M. (2009), “Maritime Security”, The Nautical Institute, pp. 2-39, pp 43-77. Bist, D.S. (2000), “Safety & Security at Sea”, Butterworth-Heinemann, pp. 215-227. Chopra, A. (2005), “Is the World Safe Today?”, Simmons-Boardman , Vol. 110, pp.23-27. Austin, C. (2003), “Will the ISPS Code Work?”, IIR Publication Ltd. , Vol. 30, pp. 19. Dekker, S. – Stevens, H. (2007), “Maritime Security in the European Union”, Maritime Policy & Management, Vol. 34, pp. 485-499.


References – Publications:
9) Ford, N. (2005), “ISPS code puts extra burden on Africa ports”, African business, Vol. 30, pp. 32-33. 10) Rowbotham, M. (2008), “Introduction to marine cargo management”, Informa, pp. 198-200. 11) Herbert, R., Bateman, S. and Lehr, P. (2009) Lloyd’s MIU Handbook of Maritime Security. Taylor & Francis Group. 12) Jones, S. (2006) Maritime Security. The Nautical Institute. 13) Leach, P. (2003) “Security to the fore in Europe.” Chemical week Vol.165, pp. 25-26. 14) Padman, D. (2003) “Security- A port manager guide.” DPC Magazine Vol.32, pp. 3-5. 15) Leach, P. (2009) “Security rules keep seafarers from shore leave.” Florida shipper Vol.34, pp. 11-12. 16) Goulielmos, A. and Anastasakos , A. (2005) “Worldwide security measures for shipping.” Disaster prevention and management Vol.14, pp. 462-478.


References – Publications:
17) Tzannatos E. (2003) “A decision support system for the promotion of security in shipping.” Disaster prevention and management Vol. 12, pp. 222-229. 18) Dekker, S. and Stevens, H. (2007) “Maritime policy and management.” Routledge Vol.34, pp. 485-499. 19) Yilmazel, M. and Asyali, E. (2005) “Maritime security and MET.” WIT press pp. 169-171. 20) Burmester, C. (2005) “Maritime security and MET.” WIT press pp. 185-188.


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