Time and Sequence

Plot

Plot
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Is the story itself A series of related events, linked like a chain. Each event brings us further and further into the story.

Conflict

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Hooks us because we care what happens next Problem or struggle Fuel of narrative The greater the conflict the more we care about the outcome.

Two types of conflict: External and Internal

External Conflict

Internal Conflict

The problem/struggle takes place between two characters, between a character and a group, or between a character and something non-human The problem/struggle takes place within a character’s mind or heart

Elements of Plot

Basic Situation

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A.k.a: Exposition Opening of the story When the characters and their conflict are introduced

Elements of Plot

Complicatio ns

The actions the main character takes to attempt to resolve the conflict but meets with more problems or complications: danger, hostility, fear, or even a new threatening situation

Elements of Plot

Clima x

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Key scene in the story Most tense or suspenseful moment When our emotional involvement is greatest

Elements of Plot

Resoluti on

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A.K.A: Denouement Occurs at the end of the story All the struggles are over and we know what is going to happen to all the characters

Elements of Plot

Plot Diagram

A visual representation of the elements of plot; a story map of sorts that looks like a hill. Starts at the bottom with the Basic Situation, increases with complications towards the highest point of interest, the climax, and back down evening out on the denouement.

Class-work

You and a partner use a plot diagram to draw a children’s story or a fairy tale that you both know.

Time and Sequence

Every work of fiction is defined by a time span, a period of time that suits the writer’s purpose. The writer has the ability to manipulate time to cause whatever effect he/she wants for a particular story. He/she has the freedom to slow down time, skip time, fast forward time, go back in time, or stick to real time, it is up to his/her own creative freedom to do as he/she likes.

Time and Sequence

Chronological order

The order in which events unfold in real time

Manipulating Time
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Authors have the opportunity to manipulate time to control our, the readers, emotions. This is most commonly done in instances that the author wishes the reader to feel suspense. To create suspense in the reader an author will slow down time to emphasize a moment of danger, or skip over events that would slow down the storyline.

Playing with Time

Flashba ck

An interruption in the flow of events to present an episode from the past. This technique is used to provide the readers with necessary background information to achieve greater understanding of a situation or even a character.

Playing with Time

Flashforward

Writers may also play with time by jumping ahead days or years into the future by using this technique. Sometimes the story will go forward in this new time other times it will go back to the original storyline.

Playing with time

Foreshado wing

The technique writers use to bring the future into the present. Hints or clues the writer suggests leading the reader to what is to come in the story. This keeps the reader guessing and interested in the storyline by feeling involved.

Class-work

Include an original flashback that is not in the story that could occur in the tale.

VOCABULARY
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RECEDING DISARMING PROLONGED IMPRUDENT SURMOUNTED UNRUFFLED INVARIABLE DIVERTING IMPULSE PROTRUDING

KEY DETAILS

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Rainsford, a biggame hunter Man overboard Ship-trap island General Zaroff, another hunter Fierce dogs A trap

PLOT IMPRESSIONS

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