Basic Problem of Human Life and

their Solution
Sources of Knowledge
Importance of Revelation

Basic Problems
• Two Types
▫ Natural/Basic
 Collective in Nature

▫ Secondary/Miscellaneous
 Not of all

Secondary • • • • Class Conflict Poverty Education Role of Media .

Basic/Natural Problems • About Self ▫ Who am I? ▫ What is Purpose of life ? ▫ Concept of freedom (Independent or subordinate)? • About Universe ▫ Why it was Created ? ▫ What will be it’s end? ▫ How the universe was created ? .

Cont… • About Creator ▫ Who is the Creator? ▫ What is the purpose of creation? ▫ What is the relationship between creator and creation? ▫ What will happen after death? .

Solutions of these Problems • Ignorance • Knowledge .

a term sometimes used to indicate a naive lack of knowledge or understanding .Ignorance • Rational ignorance ▫ A voluntary state of ignorance that can occur when the cost of educating oneself on an issue exceeds the potential benefit that the knowledge would provide • Blank Ignorance ▫ Innocence.

▫ "The Knowing" (al-ʿAlīm) is one of the 99 names reflecting distinct attributes of God.Knowledge • Plato famously defined knowledge as "justified true belief". ▫ The Qur'an asserts that knowledge comes from God (2:239) and various Hadith encourage the acquisition of knowledge . though "well-justified true belief" • In Islam.

Types of Knowledge • Needed for Material Development • Needed for Ifran-e-Zat / Spiritual Up healing .

Basic Sources of Knowledge • Senses ▫ Basic five ▫ Additional Five • Short Comings ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ Limited Temporary Only gives Facts Doubtful Cant tell about Meta Physical things .

• Aqal (Wisdom) ▫ To Understand ▫ Guidance • Aqal in Quran ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ Thankful for His Blessings 2-269 If Akhrat is better than this life Aeraff-169 Excel in fruit Raad-4 In the formation of day and night 3-190 .

Drawback • • • • • • Limited May Contrast Ineffective Changeable Have contrast in It Depended on senses .

Wajdan (Mirth) • Concept ▫ Truth is suddenly revealed ▫ Observation + Reasoning = Mirth ▫ Without senses and understanding . knowing about truth • Shortcomings ▫ Affected by Senses ▫ Utmost struggle needed ▫ Cant be relayed upon .

Experience.Understanding/ Shaoor • Concept ▫ Based on environment. age. Maturity • Types ▫ Conscious ▫ Sub Conscious ▫ Pre Consciousness • Inadequacy ▫ Limited ▫ Dubious .

Certified Knowledge • Concept ▫ Experiences + Traditions + Observation • Inadequacy ▫ Changeable ▫ Not vast .

Cont… Ilham / Intuition/Alk`a • Concept ▫ Truth in reveled at heart Conscience • Concept ▫ Differentiate b/w good and bad • Limitation ▫ Cant instigate good or bad ▫ Imbalance ▫ Tilted towards self .

Ma`rfat / Mystical (Spiritual Truth) • Concept ▫ Know the Nature and law of nature (God) ▫ Depends. Purity ▫ May see the future • Kashaf (Spiritual Discovery) . Piety. Aloofness from sin.

Revelation Ilham/ Intuition Ma~rifat / Spiritual Truth Kashaf / Unveiling Wajdan/ Mirth Common Man Of theological truths Spiritual Truth For selected persons of God .

Revelation • • • • From God only For Prophets Source is known Types ▫ In Words ▫ Sense revealed at heart .

Authenticity of Wahi • • • • • • • • • • Certain Complete Independent Perfect Permanent Error Free Unlimited Tells about meta physical truth Reliable For all purpose .

Solution of Basic Problems • Tells about ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ Status of Man (2:30) Creation Death Purpose of Life (Azariayt:56) Protection of Quran Life after death All basic problems are solved .

Solution to Secondary Problems • End of Sectarianism (3:103) .

Conclusion • All sources of knowledge are imperfect but Wahi • The only perfect solution of Basic Problems of Human life .