AC Motors & Drives

ABB AUTOMATION UNIVERSITY

ABB
AC Machines
Common Info 1 (29)
AC&DC Motors.PPT, 03 .2001
G.Wilsenach

AC Motors & Drives Simple single phase AC motor ~V ~V Direction ? N Common Info 2 (29) AC&DC Motors.Wilsenach S .2001 G. 03 .PPT.

PPT.AC Motors & Drives A -C 1 A B1 C1 C B 3 Phase 2 pole AC motor stator connection C -B 1 A1 B -A 1 C1 A A -C 1 A1 C C -B 1 B -A 1 Common Info 3 (29) AC&DC Motors.Wilsenach B1 B . 03 .2001 G.

2001 G. 03 .PPT.AC Motors & Drives A rotating magnetic field in a 2 pole 3 phase motor stator NORTH SOUTH Common Info 4 (29) AC&DC Motors.Wilsenach .

Wilsenach +VDC -VDC .PPT. 03 .2001 G.AC Motors & Drives Different types of rotor designs DC excited salient pole rotor for synchronous ac motor NORTH SOUTH Common Info 5 (29) AC&DC Motors.

03 .2001 G.Wilsenach ~VAC ~VAC .AC Motors & Drives Different types of rotor designs AC excited salient pole rotor for synchronous ac motor NORTH SOUTH Common Info 6 (29) AC&DC Motors.PPT.

AC Motors & Drives Different types of rotor designs AC excited slipringless rotor for synchronous ac motor NORTH SOUTH Common Info 7 (29) AC&DC Motors.2001 G. 03 .Wilsenach ~VAC ~VAC .PPT.

PPT. 03 .2001 G.AC Motors & Drives Different types of rotor designs CAGE INDUCTION ROTOR Common Info 8 (29) AC&DC Motors.Wilsenach .

generating high current in rotor producing very strong rotor flux. 03 .AC Motors & Drives A Cage Induction motor rotor bar at 0 rpm & flux rotation at 3000 rpm Stator magnetic lines cutting rotor bars fiercely.PPT.2001 G.Wilsenach . Slip angle = MAX Torque = Very high FLUX in the motor so high that saturation takes place Common Info 9 (29) AC&DC Motors.

PPT.Wilsenach .AC Motors & Drives A Cage Induction motor rotor bar at 2850 rpm & flux rotation at 3000 rpm Motor loaded 100% Stator magnetic lines still cutting rotor bars.2001 G. 03 . generating current in rotor -producing strong rotor flux. Slip angle = Small Torque = Nominal Common Info 10 (29) AC&DC Motors.

2001 G.AC Motors & Drives A Cage Induction motor rotor bar at 3000 rpm & flux rotation at 3000 rpm The load is driving the rotor at synchronous speed Stator magnetic lines not cutting rotor bars.Wilsenach = Zero . no current is being generated in the rotor Thus no rotor flux. Slip angle = Zero Torque Common Info 11 (29) AC&DC Motors. 03 .PPT.

AC Motors & Drives Field weakening point of a AC Motor Torque Stator Voltage Current Constant Torque Range F ield Weakening P oint Constant P ower Range Speed Current DriveCurrent limit Stator Voltage Drive Torque limit Torque 0 Common Info 12 (29) AC&DC Motors. 03 . 1480rpm Maximum Motor Speed eg.Wilsenach Nominal Motor Speed eg.PPT.2001 G. 2500 rpm Speed .

PPT. Common Info 13 (29) AC&DC Motors. 03 . The Full stand motor needs high Torque at low speed M .2001 G. the empty stand motor needs high speed with low torque 2.Wilsenach M M 1.AC Motors & Drives In this Rolling application two conditions exist M • • As the empty stand fills up it slows down and more torque is required to turn the load As the full stand empties it’s diameter decreases and it speeds up at the same time it’s torque requirements decreases.