….4. where f(x) = x +ln2x . of the root. justify the accuracy of your answer to part (a).4 is to be estimated using the iterative formula xn1  4  ln2xn . (a) Showing your values of x1. x3. (4) (b) By considering the change of sign of f(x) in a suitable interval. obtain the value. with x0  2.1 The root of the equation f(x) = 0. x2. to 3 decimal places. (2) .

. where f(x) = x +ln2x ....)  2. x3.431..4 is to be estimated using the iterative formula xn1  4  ln2xn . x2. (a) Showing your values of x1. obtain the value.4215... of the root. with x0  2.. x  2. . x3  2.4183.4224. x2  4  ln2(2.4...4237. x4  2.….4313..422 x5  2.1 The root of the equation f(x) = 0.4)  2.. to 3 decimal places. (4) x1  4  ln2x0  4  ln2(2.

.000965. f(2. with x0  2.4..4215) = -0. (b) By considering the change of sign of f(x) in a suitable interval.4 is to be estimated using the iterative formula xn1  4  ln2xn . justify the accuracy of your answer to part (a) (2) x  2..4225) = 0.1 The root of the equation f(x) = 0.422 f(2.000447. The function is continuous and there is a change of sign. therefore x is a root . where f(x) = x +ln2x ..

find. .  4xn  1     xn  1  is used to (b) Taking x1 = 1. The equation f(x) = 0 has only one positive root. the values of (3) x2.  (a) Show that f(x) = 0 can be rearranged as (2)  4x 1  x   . x3 and x4. x  1  x 1  The iterative formula xn + 1 = find an approximation to . to 2 decimal places.2 f(x) = x3 + x2  4x  1.

x  1  x 1  x  x  4x  1  0 3 2 x3  x2  4 x  1 x 2 (x  1)  4 x  1 4x  1 x  (x  1) 2 (2) 4x  1 x x 1 .2 f(x) = x3 + x2  4x  1. The equation f(x) = 0 has only one positive root.  (a) Show that f(x) = 0 can be rearranged as  4x 1  x   .

x3 and x4.2 f(x) = x3 + x2  4x  1.70 .68 x4  1.  1  1.58 4 1.   1 x3  1. to 2 decimal places... The equation f(x) = 0 has only one positive root.58.. 4 xn  1 xn1  xn  1 4 1   1 x2  1  1  1.  (b) Taking x1 = 1. find.. the values of (3) x2.58.

prove that  = 1. . Justify your answer. (2) 2 4. (3) (d)Write down a value of x1 for which the iteration formula xn + 1 =  4 x n  1   x 1   n  does not produce a valid value for x2.  (c) By choosing values of x in a suitable interval.2 f(x) = x3 + x2  4x  1.70. correct to 2 decimal places. The equation f(x) = 0 has only one positive root.

70.705) = 0.2 f(x) = x3 + x2  4x  1. prove that  = 1. therefore  is a root .037… f(1.695) = -0. correct to 2 decimal places.0435… The function is continuous and there is a change of sign.  (c) By choosing values of x in a suitable interval. (3) f(1. The equation f(x) = 0 has only one positive root.

(2) x = -1. Division by zero is not possible -1 < x < -¼. The equation f(x) = 0 has only one positive root.2 f(x) = x3 + x2  4x  1. Justify your answer.  (d)Write down a value of x1 for which the iteration formula xn + 1 =  4 x n  1   x 1   n  does not produce a valid value for x2. Cannot find the square root of a negative number .

on the same set of axes. the graphs of y = 2 – ex and y = x. (b) explain how your graphs show that the equation f(x) = 0 has only one solution. (3) [It is not necessary to find the coordinates of any points of intersection with the axes. (1) . x  0.] Given that f(x) = ex + x – 2.3 (a) Sketch.

the graphs of y = 2 – ex and y = x.3 (a) Sketch.] . on the same set of axes. (3) [It is not necessary to find the coordinates of any points of intersection with the axes.

hence there is only one intersection .3 Given that f(x) = ex + x – 2. x  0. (b) explain how your graphs show that the equation f(x) = 0 has only one solution. (1) Where curves meet is solution to f(x) = 0.

write down the values of x1. (2) The iterative formula xn + 1 = (2 –e solve the equation f(x) = 0. x3 and x4. giving your answer to 3 decimal places.3 (c) show that the solution of f(x) = 0 lies between x = 3 and x = 4. (d)  xn 2 ) is used to Taking x0 = 4. (4) . and hence find an approximation to the solution of f(x) = 0. x2.

3 (c) show that the solution of f(x) = 0 lies between x = 3 and x = 4. therefore there is a root within this interval.218… f(4) = 0.018… This is a continuous function and there is a change of sign over this interval. (2) f(x) = ex + x – 2 f(3) = -0. .

giving your answer to 3 decimal places. and hence find an approximation to the solution of f(x) = 0. solution = 3.921 (3 dp) x0 = 4 )2 is used . x2.92707… x2 = 3.92115… x4 = 3.The iterative formula xn + 1 = (2 –e to solve the equation f(x) = 0. (4) x1 =(2 – e–4)2 = 3. write down the values of x1. x3 and x4.92158… x3 = 3.92111(9)… Approx. 3 (d)  xn Taking x0 = 4.

with x-coordinate q. (b) Show that x = q is a solution of the equation x2 + ln 3x = 0 5 8. showing the exact value of p (2) The normal to the curve at the point Q. passes through the origin. 0). (4) .4 (a) The curve with equation y = ln 3x crosses the x-axis at the point P (p. Sketch the graph of y = ln 3x.

Sketch the graph of y = ln 3x. .4 (a) The curve with equation y = ln 3x crosses the x-axis at the point P (p. showing the exact value of p (2) ln 1 = 0 ln3x = ln1 3x = 1 x = 1/3 1 3 5 8. 0).

. The normal to the curve at the point Q. with x-coordinate q.4 The curve with equation y = ln 3x crosses the x-axis at the point P (p. passes through the origin.0) y = -qx ln 3x = -x2  x2 + ln 3x = 0 5 8. (b) Show that x = q is a solution of the equation x2 + ln 3x = 0 y = ln 3x. y’ = 1/x (4) Q At Q gradient is 1/q Gradient of normal is -q Equation of OQ is y – 0 = -q(x. 0).

(c) Show that the equation2 in part (b) can be rearranged in the form x = 13 e  xn (2) (d)  x2 Use the iteration formula xn + 1 = e . to 3 decimal places. Hence write down. an approximation for q (3) 1 3 5 8. x3 and x4. .4 The curve with equation y = ln 3x crosses the x-axis at the point P (p. with x0 = 13 . to find x1. 0). x2.

4 The curve with equation y = ln 3x crosses the x-axis at the point P (p.x2  xn2 3x = e x = 1/3e-x2 5 8. (c) Show that the equation2 in part (b) can be rearranged in the form x = 13 e  xn (2) x2 + ln 3x = 0 ln 3x = . . 0).

303958 Root = 0. x2. x3 = 0. x3 and x4. with x0 = 13 . . x2 = 0.  x2 Use the iteration formula xn + 1 = e .298280.4 (d) The curve with equation y = ln 3x crosses the x-axis at the point P (p.304 (3 decimal places) 5 8.304957. an approximation for q (3) 1 3 x1 = 0.303731. 0). x4 = 0. to 3 decimal places. Hence write down. to find x1.