CONTROL OF TOXIC

EMISSIONS IN IC ENGINES
BY NANO MATERIALS

Guided By :
AJESH SOMAN
ASST.PROFESSOR
Dept. of ME
MCET

Presented By :
DEEPU.D
S7 ME
Roll No : 4216
MCET

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CONTENTS
 LITERATURE REVIEW
 INTRODUCTION
 METHODOLOGY
 CATALYTIC CONVERTER
 GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CATALYSIS
 APPLICATIONS OF CATALYTIC CONVERTER
 RESULTS
 CONCLUSION
 REFERENCES
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LITERATURE REVIEW
Durairajan A et.al. conducted an Experimental
investigation and control the toxic emissions in IC
engines by nano materials
Investigational Study and Manage the Poisonous
Emissions in IC Engines by Nano Materials by
N.Kanthavelkumaran et.al.
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INTRODUCTION
All transport vehicles; both SI (Spark ignition) and CI
(Compression ignition) are equally responsible for
emitting different kind of pollutants
 Some of the primary kinds having direct hazardous
effects such as carbon-monoxide, hydrocarbons,
nitrogen oxides, etc
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 Carbon-dioxide is not considered as pollutant.

 If carbon-dioxide exceeds 5000ppm, then it
becomes a health hazard.
 Using nano catalytic converter, pollution is
controlled by means of catalytic reaction
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METHODOLOGY
 1. Laser ablation
 2. Arc discharge
 3. Plasma enhanced CVD
 4.Chemical vapor deposition (CVD)
 CVD method is used to synthesis the Nano
palladium & Nano rhodium
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CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION
(CVD)

Figure 1
Schematic representation of CVD

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 Easy method
 Gas phase deposition
 Large scale possible
 Relatively cheap

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CATALYTIC CONVERTOR

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Reduce the toxicity of emissions from an
internal combustion engine.
Converts

the

harmful

toxic

combustion

products and its byproducts into less-toxic
substances.
Catalysis
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 Effective after treatment process for reducing
engine emission
 Catalytic converter is generally called as three
way catalytic converter
 Honeycomb structure
 Catalytic converter uses alumina
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TYPES OF CONVERTORS
Monolythic Convertor
Two way Convertor
Three way Convertor
Dual bed Convertor
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GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF
CATALYSIS
 The following is a typical reaction, where C represents
the catalyst, X and Y are reactants, and Z is the product
of the reaction of X and Y.

X + C → XC

Y + XC → XYC

XYC → CZ

CZ → C + Z
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DISPERSION

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PROCESSES

Capillary Impregnation
Drying
Calcinations
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APPLICATIONS
 Petrol engine emission control
 Diesel engine emission control

 Food processing industries
 Chemical manufacturing industries
 Gas turbines
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RESULTS
• NOx Reduction

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 The NOx value decreasing and reaches the
minimum value on using nano catalytic
converter.
 Catalytic reaction with Nano palladium
 No load condition 33.33% decrease in NOx value
At peak load condition about 54.3 % NOx value.
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• HC Reduction

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 The HC value decreases to minimum value on using
Nano catalytic converter.
 Catalytic reaction with nano rhodium
 At no load condition about 72.1% decrease in HC value
At peak load condition about 68.8 % decrease in HC
value.
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• CO Reduction

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 The CO value decreases and reaches the minimum
value on Nano catalytic converter.

 Catalytic reaction with nano rhodium
 At no load condition there is about 60% decrease in
CO value At peak load condition there is about 40 %
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CONCLUSION
 Nano palladium and nano rhodium particles (90-100 nm) were
synthesized and characterized byusing chemical vapor
deposition method.
 The nano catalytic converter efficiently decreases the
emission of NOx, HC and CO components.
 Only one factor disqualify nano catalytic covertor is the cost

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REFERENCES
 N.Kanthavelkumaran, P.Seenikannan, C.Bibin, “Investigational Study and Manage

the Poisonous Emissions in IC Engines by Nano Materials”, Life Science Jounal
2013,pp.102-107
 Durairajan A, Kavitha T, Rajendran A, “Experimental investigation and control the
toxic emissions in IC engines by nano materials”,Discovery Science,volume
1,number1,July 2012
 M. Mansha, A.H. Qureshi, I.A. Chaudry, E.M. Shahid,” THREE WAY
CATALYTIC SIMULATION OF ENGINE-OUT EXHAUST EMISSION”, Journal
of Quality and Technology Management Volume IX, Issue I, June 2013, Page 57 –
68

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THANK YOU
Questions ???

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