What is Concrete ?
Concrete is a mixture of sand, gravel and/or other aggregates (the
matrix), bound together by a water-based binder, cement.
Admixtures (modifying agents) and additives (fine mineral powders)
are sometimes introduced to improve the characteristics of the
fresh concrete, of the mixing process and/or of the final hardened

World Business Council on Sustainable Development, Concrete
Recycling - A contribution to Sustainability, 2008.

Strength Concrete Consistency Heat generation Workability Durability .

Sample concrete mix as per British Standard .

Concrete Elements in Construction  Beams  Columns  Concrete Slabs .

The bending force induced into the material of the beam as a result of the external loads. own weight.Beams A beam is a structural element that is capable of withstanding load primarily by resisting bending. span and external reactions to these loads is called a bending moment .

Columns A column is a structural members designed to carry compressive loads composed of concrete with an embedded steel frame to provide reinforcement. the columns are separated into two categories:  short columns  slender columns. For design purposes. .


typically between 100 and 500 millimeters thick. are most often used to construct floors and ceilings. Horizontal slabs of steel reinforced concrete.Concrete slab A concrete slab is a common structural element of modern buildings. .


Precast concrete elements are prepared. cast and hardened at specially equipped plants with a permanent location. later.Precast concrete elements A precast concrete product is a factory-made piece manufactured with concrete and which. . together with other pieces. will become part of a larger structure.

Expecting characteristics of Precast elements  Strength and durability  Design flexibility  Manufactured year-round in controlled conditions  Fast construction  Enhanced fire resistance  Wide range of colours. textures and shapes .

In-house concrete production Concrete is prepared in the field and this fresh concrete will be used for concrete elements (beams. . coloumns ) construction instead of using precast structures.

Site Visit Place : Proposed building for TLM Department University of Moratuwa. (5 story building) Project Value: Rs 112million Date : 29/11/2012 .

3D View of the building Architectural drawing of the land .

Concrete Elements Timber arrangement for coloumn construction Constructed coloumn and beams .

Pad foundation for coloumn construction Steel rods for balancing coloumns .

. Height Width Length  Height will be depended on which floor coloumn constructing.single or two story buildings. Length and Width will vary with respect to load bearing capacity of coloumn.  Reinforcement can be changed by no of rods used and distance between each rods low no of rods.

Horizontal and vertical bars for beam and coloumn construction vertical rods for slab construction .

Images of site visit .