Good vs.


 Oil

sand is a naturally occurring mixture of
sand, clay or other minerals, water and

including Venezuela. the United States and Russia. most developed and utilizes the most technologically advanced production processes. . Oil sands can be found in several locations around the globe.  The Athabasca deposit in Alberta is the largest.


oil sand was incorrectly referred to as tar sand due to the now outdated and largely ineffective practice of using it for roofing and paving tar (oil sand will not harden suitably for these purposes). Historically. .

 Proposed project was introduced in mid- 2000’s  Twin pipeline : BC-Alberta  1st pipeline would carry about 525.  The 2nd pipeline would carry about 150. .000 barrels a day of crude oil from Alberta going towards west coast of Kitimat of BC.000 barrels/day of condensate in other direction (Alberta tar sands).


socially and politically? .How will the Northern Gateway Project development affect Canada economically.

seven days a week. . operates all day. every day with the help of powerful pumps. additives that move the oil with less resistance. 365 days a year by well-trained personnel. and the laws of physics.  Each pipeline’s operations are monitored 24 hours a day.

S. Stanolind. The United States was the world’s biggest oil producer and exporter In the early years of oil pipelines In World War II. . after nearly 50 U. was the largest pipeline company in North America by 1954 . Canadian firms such as Enbridge and TransCanada were the giants of oil transportation in North America. oil tankers were sunk off the east coast. The Indiana Standard Pipeline Company. But times were changing.S. the focus shifted in ear nest to inland buried crude oil pipelines. by the late 70s the Great Alaska pipeline saw the rise of Canadian oil production.      1850s – the first was wooden. The U. was now a net importer of oil to refineries on the Gulf Coast.

.  The process of tracking the customer’s batch or product through the pipeline is done through scheduling. where it is being transported to and from. a ticket is written that shows the type of product transported. Many liquid petroleum pipelines can transport different types of liquid petroleum in batches through the same pipeline. the amount. and the owner.  Once the product has been scheduled and transported.


Use the updated technologies to ensure the pipeline systems to function quickly and safely  Pipeline trained operators complete daily maintenance tasks  Emergency practices are given to pipeline employees and contractors  .


 More cost-effective  Have a much lower carbon footprint  The safest way to transport petroleum products .

and communities  The waters of the north coast are dangerous and difficult to navigate  can likely expect many small spills every year and a catastrophic spill of over 10. animals and birds.000 barrels every 12 years  An oil spill disaster -> could devastate the coastal environment and way of life for generations .If the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipeline is built.  could bring terrible consequences for fish. and a leak occurs.

 economy advantages from project  $270 billion in GDP over 30 years  $4.  $2.3 billion of labour-related income across Canada during construction. provincial and federal government tax revenues  1.150 long-term jobs for Canadians .6 billion in local.


 A significant proportion of oil sands employment is going to non. today there is a growing income split between those Albertans who are employed in the oil sands and those who are not employed by the oil sands  concentrated geographically and not diffused throughout the province.  Consequently. Rising real estate costs and general inflation. .Albertans.

 Despite the enormous economic growth that oil sands development has prompted in Alberta. the proposed construction of additional crude oil pipelines. “opponents of the Alberta oil sands claim that oil sands production is “dirty oil” because of the environmental impact. . and unresolved issues around energy security with emission reductions for North America”.

 The impact on water consumption  Green house gases and climate change  The impact of oil sands development on the northern Alberta ecosystem .

 The Athabasca River Water Management Framework sets mandatory limits on withdrawals that maintain flows at or near natural conditions to protect the local habitats.5 barrels of water to produce one barrel of oil. It generally takes about 2 to 4.  Distribution of water supplies in a way that properly balances oil sands production needs with ecosystem and human needs in the region. .


 Increased public attention on climate change. The Alberta government is increasingly being criticized for its approach to climate change. .  The Government of Alberta has established Ambient Air Quality Objectives as indicators of air quality in the province.  Alberta is responsible for one-third of Canada’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions .

has always maintained this disturbance is “temporary” and that production sites will be reclaimed when projects are completed . as articulated in its Mineable oil sands strategy.  Hundreds of migrating ducks died in Syncrude tailings pond in April 2008  The Alberta government. Oil sands development causes large-scale spatial disturbances to Alberta’s northern boreal forest.


 Money Vs. Environment  First Nations considers the pipeline as a kick in their livelihood and decades of nurture is in ruins.  The upper hand of Liberals and the key beneficial factor in exportation.  Natural resources will not be traded to meet national economy's interest.  Oil is the new GOLD rush for Canada and its economy in the downturn of business cycle in the world. .