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(CVE 202)

Course Lecturer: Engr. F. M. Alayaki

Civil Engineering Department,

College of Engineering,

University of Agriculture Abeokuta,

Nigeria

Course Unit: 2

Contact Time: 2 Hours

Laboratory Time: 1 Hour

tensile and compressive strains. Strain.Course Content • Direct Stress: Hooke’s experiment. Axially loaded bar. elastic limits. Percentage reduction in areas. ultimate strength. Percentage elongation. Modulus of toughness. Tensile and compressive stresses. Modulus of elasticity. . Stressstain curves for ductile and brittle materials. Mechanical properties of materials. yield points. proportional limit.

Working stress. Temperature stresses. Poisson’s ratio. deductions from Mohr’s circle.• Principal stress: Definition. Lateral stresses and strains. . proof stress. Factors of safety. Mohr’s circle method of determining stress and strain. Bars of varying cross sections compound bars under stress and strain. modulus of rigidity.

Shear and moment equations. Twisting moment. Modulus of elasticity in shear. .• Torsion: effects of torsion. Polar second moments of area. Loading forces and moments in beams. Torsional shearing stresses and strain. Angle of twist. Rupture. Shear force and bending moment diagrams. • Shearing force and bending moments: Simply supported beam.

( a ) Define the following terms: • Component of Forces • Resultant • Equilibrant • Moment of Forces • Centroid of a Body • (b) i Define the terms shear force and bending moment.Typical Questions 1.18 Load at yield point = 79KN Failing or ultimate load = 127KN Calculate in N/mm2 the stress at yield point. The following data were recorded during a tensile steel test: Diameter of bar = 20mm Distance between gauge points = 200mm Elongation due to load of 50KN = 0. • ii What do you understand by the term ‘point of contraflexure’? . (c) the modulus of elasticity of the steel 2. (b) the ultimate stress.

13mm. Young’s moduli for the materials are: steel.000N/mm2. Overhanging beam with UDL. 95. Simply supported beam with uniformly varying load. If the steel member stretches 0. • 3. copper and brass are of identical dimensions and are equally loaded. 4. brass. copper. Simply supported beam with Uniformly Distributed Load (UDL). Three separate members of steel. (b) What do you understand by the term ‘point of contraflexure’? (c) Using simple sketches show the following types of beams Simply supported beam with a point load. 210. . Cantilever beam with point load at its end.000N/mm2. calculate the amount of elongation in the copper and brass members.000N/mm2.• (c) Using simple sketches show the following types of beams • Simply supported beam with a point load. (a) Define the terms shear force and bending moment. 100. • Simply supported beam with Uniformly Distributed Load (UDL).

if they are elongated by the same amount. Take E for steel as 200 x 103 N/mm2 and that for copper as 100 x 103 N/mm2. 8. • Maximum shear force. A cantilever beam AB 1. 1. and elasticity. • Point of zero shear force. strain. 2. Derive a relation between stress and strain of an elastic body. one of steel and the other of copper. • Maximum bending moment. Draw the shear force and bending moment diagram for the cantilever beam. Indicate the positions and values of the following. Define stress. Two wires.5.5m long is loaded with a UDL of 2 KN/m and a point load of 3KN as shown in fig. find the diameter of the steel wire. are of the same length and are subjected to the same tension. • (b) Determine the moment of inertia Ixx of the section shown in fig. 7. • . If the diameter of the copper wire is 2mm. 6 (a) Derive from first principle the formula for the moment of inertia of a rectangular section.

• 3 KN 2KN/m A 0.25m B 1. 2 200mm . 1 24mm 24mm 300mm Fig.25m Fig.00m 0.

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