APA

Originally Created By Diana Haddad
Updated By Heather Spear
Graduate Writing Center
Liberty University

Essential Parts of an APA Paper • • • • • Cover Page Abstract Body Appendix (if needed) References .

Cover Page Make sure your cover page includes: • Running head • Full title • Byline / Name • Institution .

and institutional affiliation (center upper half of the page). • Full title of the paper. . author’s name (byline).Cover Page • Running head – ALL CAPS (upper lefthand corner).

Page Number Running head Full Title Byline Your Name Your Institution .

specific. brief. 12 point font like the rest of the paper. well-organized. • New Times Roman or Courier text type. • allows readers to quickly survey the content of your paper. • does not contain citations. . • not an introduction to the paper. and self-contained.Abstract • 150-250-word comprehensive summary of your paper in block paragraph form. • double spaced. • dense with information.

Page Number Heading 150-250 Word Comprehensive Summary .

Body Make sure you adhere to proper APA Format in: • Headings • Citations .

. • You will find two different examples of headings and subheadings on slides 13 & 14 that will help you get a clearer picture of the levels of headings.Headings • The various levels of headings establish the hierarchy of sections in your paper. • Avoid having only one subsection within a section. • Topics of equal importance have the same level of heading throughout the paper.

boldface. • Level 5 – Indented. Uppercase and Lowercase Heading • Level 2 – Flush Left. lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.Headings • Level 1 – Centered. lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. boldface. lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. • Level 4 – Indented. italicized. Boldface. Boldface. Uppercase and Lowercase Heading • Level 3 – Indented. italicized. .

Uppercase and Lowercase Heading (Level 2) Centered. (Level 5) . lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. Uppercase and Lowercase Heading (Level 1) Indented. (Level 3) Indented. boldface. Boldface. lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. Boldface. italicized. (Level 4) Indented. italicized.Flush Left. lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. boldface.

lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. Uppercase and Lowercase Heading Level 2—Flush Left. italicized. Level 4—Indented. . italicized. boldface. lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. Boldface. Boldface. Uppercase and Lowercase Heading Level 3—Indented. lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. boldface. Level 5—Indented.Level 1—Centered.

year. You are not required to provide a page number. • When paraphrasing or using your own words to refer to an idea contained in another work. • For a direct quote. you must credit the source. provide the author and year within parentheses. . and page number in parentheses.Citations • Whether paraphrasing or quoting an author directly. give the author.

Quotations • Direct Quote – Quotations of fewer than 40 words are incorporated into the text. enclosed within double quotation marks and properly cited. • Block Quote – Quotations of 40 words or more are displayed in a doublespaced block paragraph with proper citation and no quotations marks. .

Direct Quote In-text citation of a paraphrase Block Quote .

• References are cited in text with an author and date citation system and listed alphabetically in the reference section of a paper.References • Sources are documented in a manner that makes them easy to identify and retrieve. .

no author identified. two authors editors Journal article.publisher as author entry in an encyclopedia journal article. three to six authors Bible Article or chapter in an edited book Stand-alone document. no date . one author report from private organization available on organization website Journal article.

more than six authors .Non-periodical internet source Newspaper cite Book cite Book. revised edition Doctoral Dissertation Dictionary in volumes & editions A database search engine Journal article.