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ROOFING MATERIALS

DIFFERENT TYPE OF ROOFING MATRIALS


THATCH
SHINGLES
SLATE
CERAMIC TILE
COPPER SHEET
METAL SHAKES OR SHINGLES
CONCRETE
ASPHALT SHINGLE
ASBESTOS
MEMBRANE ROOFING
FABRIC
METAL ROOFING

THATCH
Thatch is roofing made of plant stalks in overlapping layers
Wheat straw, widely used in England, France and other parts of Europe
Seagrass, used in coastal areas where there areestuaries such as Scotland. Has a longer
life than straw. Claimed to have a life in excess of 60 years.
Rye straw, commonly used in Eastern Europe

SHINGLES
Shingles, also called shakes in North America. Shingles is the generic term for a roofing
material that is in many overlapping sections, regardless of the nature of the material.
The word is also used specifically to denote shingles made of wood.
RED CEDAR. Life expectancy is up to 30 years. However, young growth red cedar
has a short life expectancy. High cost. Should be allowed to breathe.
HARDWOOD. Very durable roofing found in Colonial Australian architecture, its use
now limited to restorations.

SLATE
Slate , High cost with a life expectancy of up to 200 years.

STONE SLAB
Stone slab. Heavy stone slabs (not to be confused with slate) 12 inches thick were formerly
used as roofing tiles in some regions in England.
Stone slabs require a very heavyweight roof structure, but their weight makes them
stormproof.
An obsolete roofing material, now used commercially only for building restoration.

CERAMIC TILES
High cost, life of more than 100 years.
Imbrex and Tegula, style dating back to ancient Greece and Rome.
Monk and Nun, a style similar to Imbrex and tegula, but basically using two Imbrex tiles.

COPPER SHEET
Copper used as roofing is lighter than wooden shingles and much lighter than slate, tile, or lead.
Copper Roofs can be folded into waterproof seams or shaped over curved frameworks for cupolas
and domes.
High initial cost but very long lifetime: tests on European copper roofs from the 18th Century
showed that, in theory, copper roofs can last one thousand years.
Another advantage of copper roofing systems is that they are relatively easy to repair.

METAL SHAKES OR SHINGLES


Long life.
High cost, suitable for roofs of 3/12 pitch or greater.
Because of the flexibility of metal, they can be manufactured to lock together, giving
durability and reducing assembly time.
For a discussion of copper system shingles, see wall cladding section in copper in
architecture..

CONCRETE

ASPHALT SHINGLES
Asphalt shingle, of bitumen embedded in an organic or fiberglass mat, usually covered with
colored, man-made ceramic grit.
Cheaper than slate or tiles.
Various life span expectancies.

ASBESTOS SHINGLES
Asbestos shingles has Very long lifespan.
Asbestos shingles are fireproof and low cost.
Now rarely used because of health concerns.

MEMBRANE ROOFING
Membrane roofing is in large sheets, generally fused in some way at the joints to form a
continuous surface.
THERMOSET MEMBRANE (e.g. EPDM rubber). Synthetic rubber sheets adhered together
with contact adhesive or tape. Primary application is big box store with large open areas.
THERMOPLASTIC (e.g. PVC, TPO, CSPE) Plastic sheets welded together with hot air, creating
one continuous sheet membrane. Can be re-welded with the exception of CSPE. Lends itself
well to both big box and small roof application because of its hot air weldability. This
membrane is installed by two methods: 1.) Rolls of membrane are attached to the ridged
insulation using a bonding adhesive. 2.) The edge of each roll is fastened through ridged
insulation into structural deck, and the proceeding roll is lapped over the fasteners. The
overlap is then heat-welded with hot air to create a mechanically-fastened thermoplastic roof.
and increases the weight of the roof system to resist wind blow-off.

MODIFIED BITUMEN heat-welded, asphalt-adhered or installed with adhesive.


Asphalt is mixed with polymers such as APP or SBS, then applied to fiberglass and/or
polyester mat, seams sealed by locally melting the asphalt with heat, hot mopping of
asphalt, or adhesive. Lends itself well to most applications.
Built-up roof Multiple plies of salt-saturated organic felt or coated fiberglass felts.
Plies of felt are adhered with hot asphalt, coal tar pitch or adhesive. Although the roof
membrane can be left bare, it is typically covered with a thick coat of the waterproofing material and covered with gravel. The gravel provides protection from ultraviolet degradation, stabilizes the temperature changes, protects surface of the roof

FABRIC
Fabric
polyester
PTFE, (synthetic fluropolymer) embedded in fibreglass

METAL ROOFING
Metal roofing Generally a relatively inexpensive building material, unless copper is used.
Galvanised steel frequently manufactured with wavy corrugations to resist lateral flexing and
fitted with exposed fasteners. Widely used for low cost and durability. Sheds are normally
roofed with this material. Known as Gal iron or Corro, it was the most extensively used
roofing material of 20th century Australia, now replaced in popularity by steel roofing
coated with an alloy of zinc and aluminium, claimed to have up to four times the life of
galvanized steel.
Copper roofs can last for hundreds of years. They offer durability, ease of fabrication, low
maintenance, corrosion resistance, low thermal movement, lightning protection, radio
frequency shielding, low lifetime costs, and are 100% recyclable. (See: Copper in
architecture)
Standing-seam metal with concealed fasteners.
Mechanically seamed metal with concealed fasteners contains sealant in seams for use on
very low sloped roofs.
Flat-seam metal with soldered seams.

DIFFERENT TYPES OF
TRUSSES

TYPES OF SHEETS

COLOUR COATED STEEL ROOFING


These Pre-Engineered Buildings are custom-designed to meet your exact
requirements. Each is designed by professional, experienced engineers
and manufactured to exact tolerances under rigid quality controlled plant
conditions.