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Aquafarming

by :
Nur Nabilah Bt Ramli
Er Hui Geok
Ummi Syakirah Abd Rahman
Siti Norsyahirah Bt Muhamad Zainuldin
Khoo Poi Sun

INTRODUCTION

Type of Aqua farming Marine aquaculture Algaculture Freshwater aquaculture .

Open Aquafarming System Open Aquafarming System (active feeding) (passive feeding) Aquafarming Methods Semi-closed Aquafarming System Closed Aquafarming System .

III.  Implemented in a wide range of environments :  Freshwater rivers  Brackish estuaries  Coastal marine regions. Juvenile stock is sourced either from hatcheries or wild populations. II. Floating mesh cages (vary in size depending on the scale of operation & species cultured) are anchored to the seafloor.05% 0. They grown out in pens until a marketable size has been reached. . within enclosures in natural waterways.Open Aquafarming Systems (Active feeding)  Also known as Open sea-cage aquafarming  The rearing of aquatic species.05–3% 3–5% > 5% Method : I. Water salinity based on dissolved salts Fresh water Brackish water Saline water Brine < 0.

Marine coastal region Fresh water Brackish estuaries .

The cage is moored to the ocean floor. Fish faeces and waste fall through the cages. Buoyant tubes keep the cages afloat.Fishemeal based feeds are added to the cages. .

Open Aquafarming Systems (Passive feeding)  The culture of numerous shellfish species in systems open to natural waterways  The main species cultured with these methods are mussels and oysters  They are capable of extracting nutritional requirements from the water column. with no fishmeal being added as they are filterfeeders Method : I. These are then  Attachment to placed ropes into the water column by methods :  Containment in cages . Larval stages may be collected from the wild or produced in hatcheries  Attachment to sticks II.

Oyster farming (using racks) Long-line mussels farming .

Mussels or oyster are grown on racks or in cages Passive systems occur in estuaries as well as open ocean Nutrients are taken from water. .

 Effects on coastal ecosystems :  Vast loss of habitat  Reduce surrounding water quality .Semi-closed Aquafarming Systems  The land-based production of a species. in which water is exchanged between the farm and a natural waterway  Waste water is released from the ponds into the local waterway.  Prawn farming is the predominant form of semi-closed aquafarming. whilst the farm is replenished with fresh water pumped back into the system.

Semi-closed aquafarming system .

Outlet for waste water Pump Prawns are often cultivated using this method Intlet for ocean water .

Silver Perch Marron Barramundi Yabbies .

The pond or tank exists in a closed system Species including barramundi are grown using this system Feed is added .

Raceways Pond Tanks .

Aquafarming in Malaysia .

Sabah The brackish water aqua farming of fishes in Sungai Pahang. Bhd at Selangor . Pahang The marine aqua farming conducted in FanLi Marine & Consultancy Sdn.The freshwater aqua farming field for prawns and fishes at Tawau.

Johor . Sabah One of the ornamental fishes sell shop at Bemban.The seaweed marine aqua farming in Semporna. Kulai.

Benefits of Aqua-farming • provide a sustainable seafood source • prevent the extinction of endangered and rare species of animals • provide large and consistent quantities of fish and seafood • meet the demands of people towards seafood • stimulate economic growth • can benefit the environment .

fishermen or migrating fish • Can amplify and transfer disease and parasites to wild fish populations • Can pollute water systems with excess nutrients (fish feed & wastes). chemicals and antibiotics • Can compromise native gene pools if farmed fish and native species interbreed • Can threaten livelihood of fishermen .Arguments against Aqua Farming • Can conflict with other users of water bodies such as lobstermen.

C O N C L U S I O N .

Thank You (^.^)v .