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The Forbidden

The Forbidden City in China is an
architectural wonder that
continues to attract people from
around the world.
The Ming Dynasty
• The Ming dynasty began with the
overthrow of the Mongols in China in
1368. ⇓
• The Ming period lasted until 1644.

• China extended its rule into

Mongolia and central Asia, and
briefly re-conquered Vietnam
under the Ming emperors.
Ming Vase

• Porcelain
ceramic art form
during the
dynastic periods
and reached a
peak during this
time period.
Adventures of Zheng He
• Zheng He made seven voyages of exploration between 1405 and 1433.

• On the first, almost 28,000 men

sailed on 62 ships. ⇓
The fleet visited the western coast of India and
city-states of East Africa. ⇓

The voyages produced great profits, which

alarmed Confucian traditionalists who thought
trading was an unworthy activity. ⇓
End of Chinese
• Records of the final
two expeditions of
Zheng He were
destroyed by the
new Ming emperor.
How would America be different?

Perhaps the greatest emperor of China ruled from 1661 to 1722.

He rose at dawn and worked late into the night.

This emperor was quite tolerant of Christians.
The Ming Dynasty (cont.)

• The term martial arts refers to arts of

combat and self-defense. ⇓
• They are a significant part of Asian history
and culture. ⇓
• Chinese martial arts were highly visible
already during the Han dynasty. ⇓
• Later, in 495, a Zen Buddhist monastery
began developing methods of physical
training known today as kung fu.fu

(pages 485–488)
Open Door Policy - 1899
• John Hay, American Secretary of State,
presented a proposal to all major
economic countries to consider China
an open country to all.
• This was done to lessen potential
overthrow of the Chinese government and
open markets.
• It came too late to stop the Boxer
The Boxer Rebellion,
Rebellion or the
"Society of Righteous and
Harmonious Fists"

During the Qing Dynasty, China was being

increasingly under pressure from foreign
influences. A revolt (at times led by the
Qing government) against these
foreigners resulted.
8 Nation Alliance Defeats
the Boxer Rebellion
End of the Qing, beginning of the
“Republic of China”
• After the Boxer Rebellion, the Qing
Dynasty fell and that ended centuries of
Dynastic and Imperial rule.
• A new government arose under a new flag
with five colors:
• the Han (red), the Manchus (yellow),
the Mongols (blue), the Hui (white), and
the Tibetans (black).
Sun Yat-Sen
“The Father of the
Chinese Nation.”
Led revolutionary
efforts to overthrow
The Qing Dynasty.

He did not live long enough to

See his efforts pay off.

An early precursor to current

Communist party.
A calendar that commemorates
the first year of the Republic
as well as the election of
Sun Yat-sen as the provisional