Understanding the IsraeliPalestinian Conflict

And how the world could end, if we have time…

Ancient Israel
 

The country currently known as Israel, has a history spanning thousands of years According to Jewish tradition, Israel was promised to Abraham and his descendants

Jacob was called Israel, and was Abraham’s grandson

It was occupied by other groups of people, most notably the Philistines

Babylonians

Israel fell under Babylonian control in the 8th century b.c. The Babylonians destroyed Solomon’s temple, and exiled the Israeli’s to Babylon The Israeli’s were allowed to gradually return, and eventually rebuilt the temple

Romans
 

The Romans had control over Israel The Roman tradition was to allow conquered people to maintain their religious practices, as long as they also worshipped the Roman Emperor

This was a problem for the monotheistic Israelis

The revolted against the Romans in 66 a.d., but lost terribly The temple was destroyed, and the Jewish people were taken as slaves

Palestine

The Latin word for the land of Israel was Palestina (Palestine) The Jewish people were scattered through the empire (Diaspora) The land was conquered during the Crusades by Arab invaders who practiced Islam

Ottoman Empire

In the mid 1400’s, Palestine was conquered by the Ottomans At the end of World War I, the Ottoman’s were defeated and control over Palestine was transferred to Great Britain

British Mandate

The British promised that Israel would stay an Arab state, and would also become a Jewish state

Balfour Declaration said the Great Britain would create a Jewish state in Palestine (1919)

Did not happen, and many Jewish people in Great Britain were upset

Zionism

There was a movement in Great Britain for the Jewish people to return to their promised land, the land of Zion Many Jewish people wrote letters to the government and newspapers asking for this They were ignored, for the present-time

World War II

After the events of World War II and the Holocaust, western countries felt bad about what had happened to the Jewish people The United Nations called for a partition of Palestine, where Israel and Palestine would occupy the same territory (1948)

The Palestinians and surrounding Arab nations had not been consulted on this decision They felt that they had nothing to do with the European treatment of the Jewish people, yet they were the ones being punished They began a series of wars against Israel, hoping to dispel them from their land

Arab Reaction

Syria
Jordan Rive r
Jerusalem District

Mediterranean Sea

Dead Sea

Jewish State Palestinian State Egypt TransJordan

Sinai Pen. Saudi Arabia

Wars Over Israel

Arab-Israeli War (1948)

Fought by Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Egypt against Israel Israel gained 78% of Palestine

Syria

Jerusalem

Jewish State Palestinian State Egypt

Jordan

Saudi Arabia

Six Day War (1967)

Fought by Egypt (Sinai Peninsula), Syria (Golan Heights), and Jordan (Jordan River and West Bank) against Israel Israel won and gained the Sinai Peninsula, Golan Heights,

Syria
Golan Heights

West Bank

Jerusalem Gaza Strip Jewish State Palestinian State Sinai Pen Occupied by Israel Jordan

Israel Today
 

Today Israel is the only Jewish state Palestinians are considered a stateless-nation There have been peace talks between the two groups, but nothing has been decided One of the issues is Jerusalem, and in particular, the Temple Mount

Syria

Jerusalem

West Bank

Jewish State Palestinian State Egypt

Let’s see Israel grow!

Syria
Jordan Rive r
Jerusalem District

Mediterranean Sea

Dead Sea

Jewish State Palestinian State Egypt TransJordan

Sinai Pen. Saudi Arabia

Syria

Jerusalem

Jewish State Palestinian State Egypt

Jordan

Saudi Arabia

Syria
Golan Heights

West Bank

Jerusalem Gaza Strip Jewish State Palestinian State Sinai Pen Occupied by Israel Jordan

Syria

Jerusalem

West Bank

Jewish State Palestinian State Egypt

Jerusalem

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