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Original Title: Video Lecture for B.tech

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Video Lecture for B.tech

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Non-Homogeneous

Second Order

Differential Equation

Video.edhole.com

d2y

dy

a 2 b cy f x

dx

dx

Step 1

equation as before

d2y

dy

a 2 b cy 0

dx

dx

is known as the complementary function.

Video.edhole.com

Step 2

This solution is called the particular integral and looks

similar to f(x)

Step 3

equation is the sum of the complementary function and

the particular integral

Video.edhole.com

f x 2 x 1 particular integral is y px q

f x x 2 1 particular integral is y px 2 qx r

note : f x x 2 0 x 1

f x 4e 2 x particular integral is y pe 2 x

note : f x 3sin 2 x 0cos 2 x

Video.edhole.com

order differential equation

d 2 y dy

2 y 4x 1

2

dx

dx

Complementary Function

k2 k 2 0

k 2 k 1 0

k 2 and k 1

y Ae 2 x Be x

Video.edhole.com

Particular Integral

y px q

dy

d2y

p and

0

2

dx

dx

d 2 y dy

2 y 4x 1

2

dx

dx

0 p 2 px q 4 x 1

p 2 px 2q 4 x 1

2 px p 2q 4 x 1

4 x 2 px

2 p 4 and p 2

1 p 2q

2 2q 1

2 2q 1

1

Video.edhole.com

q

2

equate coefficients

y px q with p 2 and q

1

2

1

2

The general solution of the non-homogeneous differential

equation is the sum of the complementary function and

the particular integral

y 2 x

y Ae 2 x Be x 2 x

1

2

Video.edhole.com

order differential equation

d2y

dy

2

4

y

2

x

1

2

dx

dx

Complementary Function

k 2 4k 4 0

k 2 k 2 0

k 2 equal roots

y Ax B e 2 x

Video.edhole.com

Particular Integral

y px 2 qx r

dy

d2y

2 px q and

2p

2

dx

dx

d2y

dy

2

4

y

2

x

1

2

dx

dx

2

2

2

p

4

2

px

4

px

qx

2

x

1

2 p 8 px 4q 4 px 2 4qx 4r 2 x 2 1

4 px 2 4q 8 p x 2 p 4q 4r 2 x 2 1

1

4 p 2 p

2

4q 8 p 0

2 p 4q 4r 1

4q 8 12 0

2 12 4 1 4r 1

4q 4 q 1

4r 4 r 1

Video.edhole.com

equate coefficients

1

y px qx r with p , q 1 and r 1

2

1 2

y x x 1

2

2

equation is the sum of the complementary function and

the particular integral

1 2

y Ax B e x x 1

2

2x

Video.edhole.com

order differential equation

d2y

dy

2x

3

y

10

e

dx 2

dx

Complementary Function

k 2 2k 3 0

k 3 k 1 0

k 3 or k 1

y Ae 3 x Be x

Video.edhole.com

Particular Integral

y pe 2 x

dy

d2y

2x

2x

2 pe and

4

pe

dx

dx 2

d2y

dy

2x

3

y

10

e

dx 2

dx

2x

2x

2x

2x

4

pe

2

2

pe

3

pe

10

e

4 pe 2 x 4 pe 2 x 3 pe 2 x 10e 2 x

5 pe 2 x 10e 2 x

p2

The particular intergral is y 2e 2 x

y Ae3 x Be x 2e2 x

Video.edhole.com

order differential equation

d2y

2 x

16

y

e

dx 2

Complementary Function

k 2 16 0

k 2 16 16i 2

k 4i

y e0 x A sin 4 x B cos 4 x

y A sin 4 x B cos 4 x

Video.edhole.com

Particular Integral

y pe 2 x

dy

d2y

2 x

2 x

2 pe and

4

pe

dx

dx 2

d2y

2 x

16

y

e

dx 2

4 pe2 x 16 pe2 x e2 x

20 pe 2 x e 2 x

20 p 1

1

p

20

y A sin 4 x B cos 4 x

1 2 x

e

20

1 2 x

yVideo.edhole.com

A sin 4 x B cos 4 x e

20

order differential equation

d2y

dy

4 3 y 10sin x

2

dx

dx

Complementary Function

k 2 4k 3 0

k 3 k 1 0

k 3 and k 1

y Ae3x Be x

Video.edhole.com

Particular Integral

y p sin x q cos x

dy

d2y

p cos x q sin x and

p sin x q cos x

2

dx

dx

d2y

dy

4

3 y 10sin x

2

dx

dx

p sin x q cos x 4 p cos x q sin x 3 p sin x q cos x 10sin x

p sin x q cos x 4 p cos x 4q sin x 3 p sin x 3q cos x 10sin x

p sin x 4q sin x 3 p sin x 10sin x 2 p 4q 10

q cos x 4 p cos x 3q cos x 0 4 p 2q 0

2 p 4q 10 2 4 p 8q 20

4 p 2q

y sin x 2 cos x

y Ae3x Be x

4 p 2q 0

10q 20 q 2 and p 1

Video.edhole.com

order differential equation

d2y

dy

x

4

y

e

dx 2

dx

dy

x 0, y 2 and

1

dx

Complementary Function

k 2 4k 4 0

k 2 0

k 2 equal roots

y Ax b e 2 x

Video.edhole.com

Particular Integral

y pe x

2

dy

d

y

x

x

pe and

pe

dx

dx 2

d2y

dy

x

4

y

e

dx 2

dx

pe x 4 pe x 4 pe x e x

pe x e x p 1

y pe x

y ex

y Ax B e 2 x

y ( Ax B)e2 x e x

Video.edhole.com

y ( Ax B)e 2 x e x

2 A 0 B e

2 0

x 0, y 2

e0

2 B 1 B 1

y ( Ax B )e 2 x e x

dy

Ae 2 x 2e 2 x Ax B e x

dx

dy

1, x 0 and B 1

dx

1 Ae

2 0

2e

2 0

A

0

1 A 2 1 1 A 2

y (1 2 x)e2 x e x

Video.edhole.com

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