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AMR Pilot presentation

AMR Progressive power control

Eric Kroon

Nokia Siemens Networks

Scope of presentation
The scope of the presentation will be as follows
Overview of feature
New PPC Parameters
KPIs
PPC optimization

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Feature overview

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AMR Progressive Power Control


- HW/SW Requirements
SUPPORTED IN:
GSM
800
Y

GSM
900
Y

GSM
1800
Y

GSM
1900
Y

MSC
-

Nokia
NetAct

BSC
S13

OSS4.2
2)

NetActP
SGSN lanner
-

Nokia 2nd
Gen.

Nokia
Talk-family

Nokia
PrimeSite

Nokia
MetroSite

Nokia
InSite

Nokia
UltraSite

Nokia
FlexiEdge

(Y)

(Y)

(Y)

(Y)

HW/FW DEPENDENCY:
BSC
MMI
Y

BTS
MMI
-

MS
Y 1)

BSC
BTS
TC
SGSN
HW/FW HW/FW HW/FW HW/FW
-

Note(s): 1) AMR capable MS 2) OSS4.2 CD set1 / OSS5 CD set 1

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Operating/
Application
Application

AMR Power Control current situation


In normal Power Control algorithm has a fixed RX Quality window across the
BTS and MS transmit power range to power up/down.
Example:
Quality
Rxqual

BER %

<0.2

0.2 - 0.4

0.4 - 0.8

0.8 - 1.6

1.6 - 3.2

3.2 - 6.4

6.4 - 12.8

>12.8

Power
15
30

14
28

13
26

12
24

11
22

10
20

9
18

8
16

7
14

6
12

5
10

4
8

pc upper threshold dl Rx qual AMR FR (UDRF)


pc lower threshold dl Rx qual AMR FR (LDRF)
Optimum quality, No need to change transmitting power

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3
6

2
4

1
2

0 Power level
0 Attenuation dB

FR AMR & Power Control & HO control coordination


in UL
Quality
(BER)
(PxNx:6/16)

UURF

Packing of the call

Power down quality


(PxNx:4/6)

IHRF

No action
(PxNx: 2/3)

LURF

Power up quality
IHRH

(PxNx: 4/6)

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(PxNx:1/1)

(PxNx:1/1)

RxLevel
Power down
level

UUR (POC) -70

(AMR) Qual HO
HYS -6dB

Handover
trigger

-110dBm

LUR (POC) -95

Handover trigger

Power up
level

LUR (HOC) -95

QURF

(PxNx: 1/1)

Unpacking the call

-47dBm

AMR Progressive Power Control Introduction


AMR Progressive Power Control has a dynamic RX Quality window

across the BTS and MS transmit power range to power up/down


AMR PPC is an enhancement to the existing Power Control (PC)
algorithm running in the BSC and controlling the transmitting power of
the MS and BTS
Existing level PC threshold are used together with PPC
AMR PPC is application software in S13 and it contains two separate
functionalities which can be separately controlled
AMR PPC for MS power controlling
AMR PPC for BTS power controlling
AMR PPC algorithm will be used only for AMR calls. When the AMR
PPC algorithm is disabled, the normal PC algorithm is used also for
AMR calls
Same PX/NX parameters and averaging windows for the RXQual
parameters are used in the normal PC & the PPC algorithm
The real benefits of the feature depends on current implementation of
the network
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AMR Progressive Power Control Description


In AMR PPC algorithm, the algorithm internally changes the thresholds for quality based
PC according to AMR PPC parameters and actual transmitting power
It is possible to define 4 power level points, where power control quality thresholds are
changed
The changes of power control quality thresholds in AMR PPC algorithm are fixed to be 2, -1, 0, +1, +2 depending on the current power level
Example:

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Mechanism - example
How does it then look like via an example (UL)
Lets assume that the LURF = 5 and UURF = 3
MS power level is at 15 (lowest power level high RXLevel)
the algorithm will trigger an increase in MS power if the RXQual (UL)
degrades beyond RXQual = 3 (LURF = LURF - 2)
the power is going to be decreased when RXQual = 1 (UURF = UURF -2)

MS Power level is at 2 (almost at full power)


the power is going to be increased if the RXQual drops bellow RXQual = 6
(LURF = LURF +1)
If QURF = 6 then first an handover is being made
The power is going to be decreased if the RXQual is better then 5 (UURF
= UURF +1

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Benefits of PPC vs. PC


The aim of this feature is get
some capacity gain
decrease the Dropped Call Rate (DCR)
AMR Link adaptation mechanism remains the same after implementation of
PPC

The AMR PPC aims to optimize the power of the BTS/MS as much as
possible which should in general reduction the UL/DL interference
PPC reduces the highest transmitted power levels

AMR PPC reacts before AMR Link Adaptation


First power up/down before codec change (depending on window size
and NxPx setting of course)

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Main gain areas of feature


The aim of this feature is get
Some capacity gain (only if HR is implemented)
Decrease the Dropped Call Rate (DCR)
Most beneficial environments are
High loaded BSC
Lot of interference to decrease the overall interference (small impact)
BSC with low RXQual e.g. BSCs with remote areas
If the PC has not been optimized to super fast reaction (NxPx)

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New PPC Parameters

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AMR Progressive Power Control New


Parameters
All 32 new AMR PPC parameters are for defining power level points
where the PC quality thresholds will changes
They are grouped as follows
Lower (L) or upper power control thresholds (U)
UL (U) or DL (D)
HR (H) or FR (F)
Threshold 1 to 4
E.g. AMR PPC DL FR Upper threshold 1 (UDF1)
E.g. AMR PPC UL HR Lower threshold 2 (LUH1)

Quality thresholds are changed depending on AMR PPC parameter and


measured transmitting power, so that they are either reduced by 2 or 1 OR
increased by 1 or 2

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Parameter settings
If P > T1 then UDRF/LDRF -2
If P > T2 and T1 then UDRF/LDRF -1
If P T3 and T2 then UDRF/LDRF (normal AMR PC)
If P T4 and < T3 then UDRF/LDRF +1If P < T4 then UDRF/LDRF +2
where P = Transmit Power level in dB

Default settings

T1 = 26
T2 = 22
T3 = 6
T4 = 2

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Parameter recommendations for pilot


Our parameter recommendations for the pilot are the default values

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AMR PPC DL/UL FR LOWER THRESHOLD 1.......................


AMR PPC DL/UL FR LOWER THRESHOLD 2.......................
AMR PPC DL/UL FR LOWER THRESHOLD 3.......................
AMR PPC DL/UL FR LOWER THRESHOLD 4.......................

(LDF1/LUF1)...
(LDF2/LUF2)...
(LDF3/LUF3)...
(LDF4/LUF4)...

26 dB
22 dB
6 dB
2 dB

AMR PPC DL/UL FR UPPER THRESHOLD 1.......................


AMR PPC DL/UL FR UPPER THRESHOLD 2.......................
AMR PPC DL/UL FR UPPER THRESHOLD 3.......................
AMR PPC DL/UL FR UPPER THRESHOLD 4.......................

(UDF1/UUF1)...
(UDF2/UUF2)...
(UDF3/UUF3)...
(UDF4/UUF4)...

26 dB
22 dB
6 dB
2 dB

AMR PPC DL/UL HR LOWER THRESHOLD 1.......................


AMR PPC DL/UL HR LOWER THRESHOLD 2.......................
AMR PPC DL/UL HR LOWER THRESHOLD 3.......................
AMR PPC DL/UL HR LOWER THRESHOLD 4.......................

(LDH1/LUH1)... 26 dB
(LDH2/LUH2)... 22 dB
(LDH3/LUH3)... 6 dB
(LDH4/LUH4)... 2 dB

AMR PPC DL/UL HR UPPER THRESHOLD 1.......................


AMR PPC DL/UL HR UPPER THRESHOLD 2.......................
AMR PPC DL/UL HR UPPER THRESHOLD 3.......................
AMR PPC DL/UL HR UPPER THRESHOLD 4.......................

(UDH1/UUH1)... 26 dB
(UDH2/UUH2)... 22 dB
(UDH3/UUH3)... 6 dB
(UDH4/UUH4)... 2 dB

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KPIs

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AMR Progressive Power Control Statistics


New AMR PPC measurement will be introduced for measuring average RX
quality class per transmitting power class distribution
Measurement consists of Rx quality sum counters separately for uplink and
downlink
For each RX quality sum counter there is a sample number counter
(denominator) indicating the numbers of samples in each RX quality class
sum counter
There are 4 counters for each transmitting power class (0-15)
Counters can be utilized in post processing for calculating the actual average
values by dividing the sum counter with amount of samples

Counters are updated only in case of AMR FR and AMR HR calls

The object level of AMR PPC measurement is TRX ID

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Expected results from implementing PPC


Main changes in the network
Increase of signal quality (reduced interference)
This results in the following KPI changes (subset of the interference reduction)
Reduced DCR higher signal level and lower interference
Congestion might become less
Increased capacity better signal level and lower interference
Increase in AMR HR calls
Increased power levels lowers the overall interference thereby reducing the amount
of AMR HR to FR Unpacking attempts due to call quality.
Greater percentage share of AMR HR calls vs. AMR FR calls

Shift in Codec Distribution to higher codecs - lower interference


Decrease in HO attempts & HO failures - power up / down is preferred over
codec change
MS power reduced
BTS power reduced
Improved SACCH and FACCH performance

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PPC optimization

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AMR PPC optimization


With the feature there are a few new counters introduced based on
Power class
UL or DL
By checking the following counters / KPIs an indication can made if the
settings are the most optimum for the BTS
Distribution of the counters across the MS power level
Remember that this MS power parameters are BSC parameters
Codec distribution
Samples per codec and RXQual

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Any questions regarding AMR PPC ?

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