Appointed Person + AED

Mike Grice 07957 859 285

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SUMMARY OF COURSE
Health and Safety and First Aid Heart attacks Resuscitation and Defib Shock Choking Wounds and bleeding Fractured skull Asthma Smoke and fume inhalation
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WHAT IS FIRST AID?
Definition of First Aid: The immediate assistance or treatment given to someone injured or suddenly taken ill before the arrival of an ambulance, Doctor or other appropriately qualified person WE ARE NOT DOCTORS!!
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WHAT IS FIRST AID?
Aims of First Aid: Preserve Life:
Not just the casualty but you too

Prevent Deterioration:
Learn skills to prevent a situation getting worse

Promote Recovery:
Use correct techniques to promote recovery Obtain further medically qualified assistance if required
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FIRST AID KITS
Guidance Cards 20 Adhesive Dressings 6 Medium Sterile Dressings 2 Large Sterile Dressings 2 Extra Sterile Dressings 2 Sterile Eye Pads 6 Triangular Bandages 6 Safety Pins Disposable Gloves Plastic Face Shield Cleansing Wipes
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ACCIDENT DETAILS
• • • • • • • • Name Of Casualty Home Address Name Of Person Writing The Report When The Accident Happened Where The Accident Happened What Happened Treatment Given Method Of Disposal e.g Hospital, Home or Return To Work
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Accident Book
A/B06/01

Name Address

Date

Assess the Situation, Make the area safe, Deal with bystanders, Any other trained personnel, Get History, Send for help, Send for first aid box, Is there anybody with the casualty

FIRST AIDER RESPONSIBILITIES Arriving at the scene

Dealing with the Casualties
Put gloves on, Follow ABC, Make diagnosis, Treat injuries, Give care, Act Calmly, Get Help

The Clearing Up Process
Make area safe, dispose of dressings, complete reports, contact families, be aware of your feelings, replenish first aid box What are the processes of each stage? www.mgtraining.org.uk and www.munnellys.com

TRIAGE OR PRIORITIES Breathing Bleeding Burns Bones
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SUMMONING HELP

L I O N E L

Location Incident Other Services Required Number Of Casualties Extent Of Injuries Repeat Location
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Keep Eye Contact Tell The Truth Be Aware Of Body Language Speak Clearly and Slowly Use Their Name Allow Time For The Casualty To Answer Act In A Calm and Confident Manner

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DR SAB
D R S A B Danger Response HOUT FOR HELP Airway Breathing
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B – BREATHING

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SECONDARY ASSESSMENT
Once you are sure the patient is breathing effectively, you can then start the secondary survey

Top to Toe (remember triage)
Look for bleeding, bruising, swelling, deformity, spinal injury, fractures, medi-alert bracelets, needle marks, pockets. DO NOT MOVE if you suspect a spinal injury, check the neck area. GLOVES Recovery Position Keep warm (treat for shock)
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RECOVERY POSITION

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Why defib?

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Defib protocol

TYPES OF BLEEDING
We have 8 – 12 pints in our bodies!! ARTERIAL Bright Red blood, spurting in time with heart VENOUS Same volume as arterial but blood will ooze CAPILLARY Blood loss is usually slight and is easily controlled

Always use GLOVES
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ARTERIAL BLEED
Close your eyes if you’re squeamish!!

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TREATMENT FOR WOUNDS AND BLEEDING

•Use up to two dressings and change if blood
coming through •Once the bleeding stops bandage firmly •Support injured area if necessary •Treat for shock •Dial 999 if necessary USE GLOVES
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•Expose and examine the wound •Raise and support injured limbs •If ok apply direct pressure

•Put gloves on

EXTERNAL BLEEDING

R - est
Place them in an appropriate position for the location of their injury

E - levate
Elevate the wound, Ensure it is above the level of the heart, Gravity will reduce the blood flow

D – irect Pressure
Apply direct or indirect pressure to stem the flow of blood www.mgtraining.org.uk and www.munnellys.com

R E D

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INDIRECT PRESSURE
If direct pressure is not effective or possible you must apply indirect pressure Apply for a

maximum of 10 minutes at a time

The two arteries where we can effectively apply direct pressure, are:

•BRACHIAL •FEMORAL
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Common First Aid Disorders

Asthma Choking Heart Attack

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ASTHMA
WHAT IS ASTHMA? This is a condition where the air passages go into spasm and the lining of the airway becomes inflamed and starts to swell. There can also be a secretion of thick sticky mucus which further reduces the air passages.
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ASTHMA

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ASTHMA
What are the Cause of Asthma? •Animal fur or dust •Nervous Tension •Exercise •Colds and viral infections •Smoking •Pollen •Work •Weather •Food
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them to take the same inhaler again •If the attack is still present after 5 minutes call 999 •If the symptoms disappear recommend they see their GP
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•If the condition does not ease within 3 minutes, get

•Remain calm & position the casualty comfortably •Assist them to take their own inhaler

•Difficulty in breathing with wheezy phases •Distress & anxiety •Unable to talk •Can become exhausted •May have blueness of lips and skin TREATMENT?

RECOGNITION FEATURES?

CHOKING
What is Choking?
Choking is either a full or partial blockage of the airway

What are Some of the Causes of Choking?

•Food •Toys •Pen Tops •General Objects.
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CHOKING

Blueness (Cyanosis), Usually clutching the throat, difficulty or unable to breath www.mgtraining.org.uk and www.munnellys.com

CHOKING ADULT

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HEART ATTACK
This is where one of the coronary arteries becomes blocked, causing possible damage due to part of the heart being starved of oxygen

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HEART ATTACK
What are Some of The Causes?
–Blockage of the Arteries –Bad Diet –Smoking –Hereditary

Recognition Features
–Severe Chest Pain, Radiating Down Arm –Shortness of Breath –Pale Skin, Possible Cyanosis –Irregular Weak Pulse –Signs and Symptoms of Shock –Possible Sense of Impending Doom –could have been Complaining of Indigestion
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•Put casualty in

Comfortable position •Calm them down and reassure TREATMENT •Keep them warm •Call 999 •Be Prepared to Resuscitate.
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SKULL FRACTURE

This is where via a direct blow the skull has broken, this can either lead to a build up of fluid or part of the broken bone putting pressure on the brain
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SKULL FRACTURE

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and shoulders raised •If fluid coming from the ear place a sterile dressing over it and keep a sample for hospital •If unconscious check ABC and place in the recovery position •Be prepared to resuscitate
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•Place in a comfortable position, if no spinal injury suspected, head

•Unequal pupils in severe cases and an intense headache •Watery fluid possibly coming out of the ear & nose •Confusion and possible change in personality TREATMENT •Call for an ambulance

•Hot flushed face and slow strong pulse •Noisy slow breathing

RECOGNITION FEATURES •History of a blow to the head

FUME, GAS & SMOKE INHALATION
When treating anyone for the above condition we must ensure our own safety and make sure we have identified all casualties as it is possible to have to deal with more than one
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TYPES OF GASSES, FUMES & RECOGNITION
Smoke – possible spasm of air passages, swelling & burning Carbon monoxide – Headaches, confusion, nausea, breathing
difficulties, cherry red colour

CO2 – breathlessness, headaches, dizziness, rapid unconsciousness Solvents – headaches, vomiting, possible unconsciousness, can
stop the heart

Lighter Fuels – can possibly stop the heart.
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TREATMENT?

•Call 999 [ambulance, fire etc] •Remove casualty from danger, ensuring
not to endanger yourself

•Check ABC •Treat any burns found
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