Unit 36 Assignment 1

Interview techniques

Show examples of their use: • An open question is a question that can have a detailed answer. because the interview is more like a conversation rather than a structured interview. Howard Stern asks him the question “What’s the highest amount of money you got for a movie?” then Cooper answers with “Five million dollars for The Hangover Part II” The purpose of the interview is to promote Bradley Cooper’s film “Limitless”. Krishnan Guru-Murphy asks him the question “Why did you want to make a movie with slavery as a theme?”. in this interview with Charlie Sheen.com/watch?v=BjYU7Q7hqEI • A multiple question is a question that is based on a subject. The intended response the audience receive from the interview is entertainment. Martin Bashir asks her the question “Your Royal Highness. or director?” which suggests that Guru-Murthy wants to find out if Noel Clarke feels ashamed for being black.youtube. yet the question doesn’t lead up to similar questions succeeding it. For example.youtube. Panorama specialise in these kind of interviews. For example. For example. how prepared were you for the pressures that came with marrying into the Royal Family?” then Princess Diana responds by saying she thought she was prepared despite being only 19.com/watch?v=5mnrYR-VAFM • A single question is a question that is based on a singular subject. For example. Martin Bashir asks them the question “Did you kill Stephen Lawrence?” The purpose of the interview is to extract information about the murder of Stephen Lawrence and to provoke feelings of sadness and anger to the audience. Interview link: https://www.com/watch?v=wLzZxFRuNP8 • A suggestive question is a question that suggests an answer. how he can survive. in this interview with Quentin Tarantino. an interviewing style that Howard Stern has been using for years. Andrea Canning then asks questions about how many drugs. The interviewer wanted to prove to the audience that the men did in fact kill Stephen Lawrence. in this interview with Bradley Cooper.youtube. For example. and she also says she felt that she “had the support from her husband-to-be” The intention of the interview is to reveal the perspective that Diana had during the current affairs at the time regarding her divorce. Interview link: https://www. which can lead up to other questions succeeding it that is based on the same subject as the initial question. in this interview with Noel Clarke. in this interview with Princess Diana.com/watch?v=h5aSa4tmVNM • A direct question is a question that desires a specific answer. as well as make audiences know more about Bradley Cooper.youtube. For example.youtube. The audience response is supposed to be about current affairs regarding the Charlie Sheen controversy. Interview link: https://www. Interview link: https://www.com/watch?v=GrsJDy8VjZk • A closed question is a question that has a very specific answer.youtube. Krishnan Guru-Murthy asks him the question “Do you resist being seen as a black actor. Interview link: https://www. Andrea Canning asks him the question “When was the last time you used drugs?” then Charlie Sheen answers in a very vague way.com/watch?v=N9sH2HkRoDc . Interview link: https://www.Explain what the following types of questions are and why they are used. and if he worries or not. then Tarantino proceeds to answer the question in detail. in this interview with the murderers of Stephen Lawrence.

For example. a TV show. • Combative. . For example. like Light-hearted. involves celebrities. an interview with Lindsay Lohan from the paparazzi would be within Entertainment. interviews about a recently deceased person would be hard news. the interviews with the murderers of Stephen Lawrence would be combative. which is the interview style which. • Light-hearted. For example. These styles listed below are: • Hard news. • Investigative. • Promotional. again give examples: There are various different interview styles.Explain how interview styles vary depending on what the purpose of the interview is. usually a film. For example. which is the interview style which involves subject matter like celebrities getting married. to get a particular response. which is the interview style which is made to promote a product. which is the interview style which is hard hitting and emotional. which is the interview style which involves the interviewer asking offensive questions to the interviewee. which is the interview style which involves the interviewer finding out information about the interviewee. yet involves celebrity life in general. or an album. an actor will attend an interview on a talk show to promote their film. including controversial news. For example. Martin Bashir was trying to find out information when he had his interview with Princess Diana. • Entertainment. having children. or promoting a film they’re involved in.

• An interviewer may ask questions and provide responses which boost the confidence of the interviewee. For example. For example. For example. • For every interview. there are key questions that the interviewer asks. it was great having you here.Explain how interviews are structured. an investigative interview would have questions about finding out about things.” Then they would both shake hands. for promotional interviews. • In many interviews. which will make the interviewee more open to answering certain questions. which makes the interviewee much more comfortable to ask questions. there will be a sound-bite of a film that the interviewee is involved in. for example for entertainment/promotional interviews. they shake hands. for the interviews between Martin Bashir and the murderers of Stephen Lawrence. Give examples: • Interviews are introduced by the interviewee entering the location. the interviewer may praise the interviewee for their contribution to the promoted product. it was great having you here. so that they spend their money on it. a sound-bite may be used to give the audience a preview of what’s to come. • The windup would be at the end of the interview. which boosts the confidence of the interviewee.” then the interviewer will speak to the interviewee and say “Thank you for your time. explain the purpose of each part of the interview and how interviewees undertake each part. if they are OK or not. the summary is basically Martin Bashir asking the murders if they murdered Stephen Lawrence. For example. the interviewer would tell their audience that the interviewee is about to be interviewed. which develop into something else. and the interview is finished. for entertainment interviews. when the interviewer ends the interview by saying to the interviewee “Thank you for your time. then they shake the interviewers hand and sit down. then the interviewer will ask more questions in order to understand the story in as much depth as possible. the interviewer will say to the audience “The new film staring [the interviewee] opens Friday in cinemas worldwide. and the interview starts. • As the interview progresses. a series of questions are asked. the interviewer will ask questions about why the interviewee did what they did. and if the interviewee gives answers. This sound-bite is intended to make the audience interested in the promoted product. for promotional interviews. • The summary is essentially what the interview is all about. For example. if they did it or not. and how it happened. There are different introductions in other interview styles. then the interviewee would enter the location.” . These questions are essentially the reason why the interview was planned in the first place: So that an interviewer can find out information that the interviewee proceeds to answer. For example. for combative interviews. The first few questions asked would be about how they are.

which could also be about what the interviewee believes in or what they did recently. • Active listening is when the interviewer listens to the interviewee while remaining interested. An interviewer would usually make sure the lower part of their body isn’t moving or fidgeting so that it doesn’t distract the viewer or the interviewee. many of Howard Stern’s interviews have a building rapport. he keeps his body still. which makes both of them feel comfortable enough to give questions and answers. and nodding their heads to show that they are paying attention. In terms of hand gestures. The affect this has on the interviewee is that the interviewee would feel respected for being listened to properly. whether it’s a combative or light-hearted .Explain what communication skills a interviewer needs and how they use them throughout an interview (give examples): • A building rapport is being able to communicate with another person in a mutual way. Usually. which may encourage the interviewee to answer in even greater depth. The affect this has on the interviewee is that the interviewee will feel how direct the question may be. while the interviewer remains silent while looking at the interviewee. a building rapport is supposed to be when the interviewer and the interviewee are getting along well. and looking straight at the interviewee when the interviewee answers a question. in many of Krishnan Guru-Murthy’s interviews. the interviewer has to avoid making any noises while he’s listening to the interviewee speak so that it can be easier to edit the interview in post production. the interviewer will be nodding their head. For example. For interviews. and also moves his hands to emphasise what he’s saying. He tends to ask questions regarding the interviewee’s beliefs on a subject he or she feels strongly about. then the interviewee answers the question. • Body language is how the interviewer expresses him or herself from how they move their bodies. then Stern would ask multiple questions relating to the subject before he ends up talking about another subject. An example of active listening for investigative interviews would be when the interviewer asks an open question. the interviewer may move their hands to emphasise what they are saying. For example. to the point where the interviews sound more like relaxing yet very informative conversations. For television interviews.

• Obtaining comments from the interviewee. getting comments is more specific to what the interviewee says. While gathering information is about getting information. maybe even controversial.Explain how telephone techniques are used within interviews: For telephone interviews. . An example of a telephone interview regarding a controversial event includes the time when Howard Stern interviewed Brett Ratner on the phone regarding Michael Jackson throwing water balloons at homeless people. the interviewee would answer the question. then their answer would be quoted. the information that the interviewer needs to gather is regarding something quite serious. if an interviewer asks a question to an interviewee on the phone. Usually. it ends up being more about Brett Ratner’s personal life which is explained in an entertaining way. So for example. interviews that fit into the entertainment/lighthearted category are rarely ever done on the phone. the interview was planned in the first place so that Howard Stern could understand more about the controversial situation. With that being said. the techniques used within the interview include: • Gathering information from the interviewee. While the interview could fit into the entertainment category because as the interview develops.

whether it has to do with something like winning a game. and overall delivery is used. there is a longer amount of time to prepare a response. such as how gestures. when Krishnan Guru-Murthy interviewed Quentin Tarantino regarding Django Unchained. For example. The advantage these interviews have is that they are the most popular sort of interview for the overall demographic. usually the website belongs to the interviewers company. Sport interviews don’t fit into one particular category because it’s a subject for an interview. • Radio interviews are when the interview takes place in a recording studio. including those listed above and below.Explain how interviews are used in different journalistic contexts. because all of them involve text. • Online interviews are when the interview takes place on a website. body language. as opposed to asking questions regarding the promotion of the actual film like how television interviews would do. Unlike television interviews. sometimes hard-hitting. • Feature-writers are when the interview takes place on magazines and newspapers. These kind of interviews require numerous different skills. The advantage these interviews in comparison to other interviews is that usually. These interviews are always about a serious subject matter. so a successful television interview can boost the popularity that the interview show usually gets. news interviews cannot involve any sort of promotion regarding products. For this sort of interview. voice is extremely important because the audience can only listen to what is being said. give examples from each: • Print interviews are when the interview takes place via fax. These interviews are like print interviews. • Television interviews are when the interview takes place in a television studio. voice. rather than a type of interview. These interviews are the same as print and online interviews. because that is against the rules of broadcasting news programmes. An interviewer requires energy in their voice and they have to use vocabulary that helps the audience think up mental images. but much more modern and accessible. The way an interviewer needs to approach the interview is to be • Editorial interviews are when the interview takes place on . Guru-Murthy asked questions regarding slavery and the violence that is presented in films. • News interviews are when the interview takes place in the news studio. The approach for a sport interview would be to talk about what happened to the interviewee recently regarding sports. unless there’s a tight deadline. • Sport interviews are when the interview takes place on any sort of medium for interviews.

accountability • emotional. expressing or explaining opinion.g. justification. presenting information • interpretive.g. allowing audience insight to a situation . e.g. e.Explain how interviews are used for different purposes: • research • enhancement of audience understanding • informational. e.