Professor Hector R Rodriguez

School of Business
Mount Ida College

Citizenship and Sustainability Reporting Responsible Investing The Community and the Corporation Taxation and Corporate Citizenship Corporate Philanthropy Programs Employees and the Corporation Managing a Diverse Workforce – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – A Balanced Look at Climate Change Non-anthropogenic Causes of Climate Change Sulfates. Electric Vehicles and the Environment Geo-Engineering Carbon Capture and Storage Renewable Energy Solid. Toxic and Hazardous Waste Forests.Course Map – Topics Covered in Course • Society – – – – – – – – – – – – • Environment The Corporation and Its Stakeholders People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals Corporate Citizenship The Social Responsibility of Business The Shareholder Primacy Norm CSR. Paper and Carbon Sinks Life Cycle Analysis Green Chemistry Water Use and Management Water Pollution Environmental Management Systems . Urban Warming and Permafrost Conventional Energy The Kyoto Protocol Green Building Green Information Technology Transportation.

• A tool to improve environmental performance .What is an EMS? • Systematic way of managing an organization’s environmental affairs • Based on Plan-Do-Check-Act Model (PDCA) • Focused on Continual Improvement of system • Addresses immediate and long-term impact of an organization’s products. services and processes on the environment.

located in Switzerland • ISO is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies from over 100 countries.ISO 14000: A series of standards • Created by the International Organization of Standardization. Ones below deal with EMS. film speeds • A series of guidance documents and standards to help organizations address environmental issues. a non-governmental organization (NGO) established in 1947. American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is US representative – They have created many standards: ISO 9000.Qualification criteria . – 14001: Environmental Management Systems – 14004: EMS general guidelines – 14012: Auditing .

Becoming ISO 14001 certified • ISO 14001 is the only certification standard • Registration body examines EMS for conformity to the ISO 14001 standard • Not a compliance audit. an EMS audit • Facility awarded registration • Does NOT mean that products are more environmentally friendly • Does mean have a documented EMS that is fully implemented and consistently followed .

ISO 14001 Key Elements • Policy Statement • Identification of Significant Environmental Aspects and Impacts • Development of Objectives and Targets • Implementation Plan to Meet Objectives and Targets • Training • Management Review How you meet the elements is up to you .

Environmental Policy Statement • Appropriate to nature and scale of risks • Continuous improvement • Documented and implemented • Communicated and understood by employees • Reviewed periodically to ensure relevance • States objectives • Commitment to compliance • Available to interested parties .

who. and when • Environmental aspects – should be the basis of the EMS – ranking of aspects with plans to manage them • Legal and other requirements • Set SMART objectives .Planning • The heart of the system • Every element involves a degree of planning before implementation • Involves identifying environmental gaps and setting clear performance criteria defining what.

not drive it. • Records Management – Identification.Implementation and Operation • Structure and responsibility – Top management. encourage feedback. . means to check effectiveness. outside communication • Documentation – Assembles and retains environmental knowledge. records. identifiable. Support system. protected) • Operational controls – Procurement and contracting. maintenance and disposal of records (legible. kept to minimum. responding. PM’s • Emergency preparedness and response – Identifying potential for incidents. hazmats. training for contractors • Consultation and communication – Procedures for communication. traceable. preventing and mitigating. defined roles. responsibility and authority • Training awareness and competence – Identification of required competencies. employee involvement. timely.

surveys. Plans implemented? Objectives met? • Quantitative and qualitative measures – checklists. Top management aware. etc. properly implemented and maintained.Checking and Corrective Action • Measuring – provides evidence of implementation and effectiveness. • Proactive and reactive metrics • Corrective Actions – identify root causes and take immediate action • Audit – Determines if EMS conforms. effective in meeting policy and objectives. audits. .

Management Review • Ensures MS continuing suitability adequacy and effectiveness • Foundation for continuous improvement • Significant issues addressed • Set goals and objectives • Identifies resources and organizational structure .

5. setting of objectives. policies and programs 2nd phase (3-7 days) – implementation assessment 6.Part II . 2. Recertification every 3 years . Conduct 3rd party assessment to verify implementation Registrar submits proposal Auditee submits formal application Optional pre-assessment by Registrar Audits • • 1st phase (1-3 days) – aspect identification and assessment. 3. Certification granted 7.Certification Process 1. 4. Periodic reviews (every 6 months-year) 8.

3) Programme (4.3. 6. 5.4.4) Audit Procedure (4. 2.1) Representative (4.4) Review (4.5. 15.6) Emergencies (4.5) Operations (4.4.4. System Policy (4.2) Responsibility (4.3. 20.4.4. 13.5) Records (4.3. 19.1) Verification (4.4) Audit Programme (4.4.6. 21.5.4.1) Training (4. 22.6) . 8. 18.4) Documentation (4. 3. 16. c) Communications (4.5.6) Control (4. 11.3.4. 10.4) Manual (4.2) Objectives (4. 17. 12.5. 4.4.3) Audit (4.Key Implementation Issues More Difficulties Fewer Difficulties Average standard deviations from mean 1. 9. 7. 14.7) Corrective Action (4.3) Aspects (4.4.2) Contractors (4. 23.1) Legal (4.5.

stakeholders and society .Part III – Business Value • Benefits – – – – – More reliable performance and compliance Document reporting requirements more efficiently Better procedures resulting in less incidents Better response to incidents Easier to identify opportunities to improve performance. clients. but be seen doing the right thing – Helps you demonstrate your responsibility to employees. resulting in lower cost and less liability – Less risk to surrounding community – Means not only doing the right thing.

complaints or non-compliance than those without – Sites neither more nor less likely to be subject to enforcement action . England – EMS associated with an increased level of operator performance – Restricted to procedural aspects of performance – Sites neither more nor less likely to suffer from incidents.Management Systems Studies • University of North Carolina (1/03) studied 83 facilities in 17 states for 3 years – Introduction of an EMS can be expected to be somewhat beneficial to the environmental performance of most facilities – The existence or certification of an EMS per se does not necessarily provide any clear information about the facility’s actual environmental performance • EMS Study by the Environmental Agency in Bristol.

not to improve performance • “All’s well because we’re certified” • Focus on continuous improvement. not on performance vs benchmarks .Pitfalls to Avoid • Management systems teams get mired in paperwork • Goal may be to implement system.

Conclusion • ISO 14001 is not a thing you install. • It may give you guidance on how to improve your management system • The key is to: – Improve your management system by… – Developing the correct strategy. and… – Setting appropriate goals . it’s just a protocol you can use to evaluate your management system.