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Compilation of questions in

Electronic Communication
Systems
Kennedy * Davis

Question No. 1
In the communication system, noise is
most likely to affect the signal

-In the channel

Question No. 2
Indicate the false statement. Fourier analysis :
-fundamental and sub harmonic sine waves
-a fundamental sine wave and an infinite number of
harmonics
-fundamental and harmonic sine waves whose amplitude
decreases with the harmonic number
-sinusoidal voltages, some of which are small enough to
ignore in practice
fundamental and sub harmonic sine waves

Question No. 3
Indicate the false statement. Modulation is used
to
-reduced the bandwith used
-separate the differing transmission
-ensure that intelligence may be transmitted over
long distances
-allow the use of practicable antennas
reduced the bandwith used

Question No. 4
One of the following types of noise
becomes a great importance at high
frequencies. Is the

Transit-time noise

Question No. 5
Indicate the false statement
-HF mixers are generally noisier than HF amplifier
-impulse noised voltage is independent of the
bandwith
-Thermal noise is independent of the frequency at
which it is measured
-Industrial noise is usually of the impulse type
impulse noised voltage is independent of the
bandwith

Question No. 6
The value of the resistor creating termal
noise is doubled. The noise power is generated
is therefore

unchanged

Question No. 7
one of the following is not useful quantity for
comparing the noise performance of the receiver
-Input noise voltage
-Equivalent noise resistance
-Noise temperature
-Noise figure
Input noise voltage

Question No. 8
Indicate the noise whose source is in category
different from that of the other three.
-solar noise
-cosmic noise
-atmospheric noise
-galactic noise
atmospheric noise

Question No. 9
Indicate the false statement. The square of the
thermal noise voltage generated by a resistor is
proportional to
-its resistance
-its temperature
-Boltzmans Constant
-the bandwith over which it is measured
Its temperature

Question No. 10
If the plate supply voltage for a plate
modulated class c amplifier is V, the maximum
plate-cathode voltage could be almost as high as
-4V
-3V
-2V
-V
4V

Question No. 11
In a low-level AM system, amplifiers
following the modulated stage must be

Linear devices

Question No. 12
if the carrier is 100 percent modulated AM wave
is suppressed, the percentage power saving will be
-50
-150
-100
-66.67
66.67

Question No. 13

Leak type bias is used in a plate


modulated class c amplifier to

Prevent excessive grid current

Question No. 14

The output stage of a television


transmitter is most likely to be a

Grid modulated class c amplifier

Question No. 15

The modulation index of an AM is


changed from 0 to 1. The transmitted
power is

Increased by 50 percent

Question No. 16
One of the advantages of base modulation over
collector modulation of a transistor class c amplifier
-the lower the modulating power required
-high power output per transistor
-better efficiency
-better linearity
The lower the modulating power required

Question No. 17
The carrier simultaneously modulated by
two sine wave with modulation indeces of 0.3
and 0.4; the total modulation index

Is 0.5

Question No. 18

Amplitude modulation is used for


broadcasting because

It use avoids receiver complexity

Question No. 19
Indicate the false statement regarding the advantages
of SSB over doubled sideband, full carrier AM
-more channel space available
-transmitter circuits must be more stable. Giving better
reception
-the signal is more noise-resistant
-much less power is required for the same signal strength
transmitter circuits must be more stable.
Giving better reception

Question No. 20
When the modulating index of an AM wave
is doubled, the antenna current is also
doubled, the AM system being used is

Single-sideband, suppressed carrier

Question No. 21
Indicate which one of the following advantages of the phase
cancellation method of obtaining SSB over the filtered method is
false
-switching from one sideband to the other is simpler
-it is possible to generate SSB at any frequency
-SSB with lower audio frequencies present can be generated
-there are more balance modulator, therefore the carrier is
suppressed better
there are more balance modulator, therefore
the carrier is suppressed better

Question No. 22
The most common used filters in SSB generation
are:
-mechanical
-RC
-LC
-Low-pass
mechanical

Question No. 23
In an SSB transmitter, one is most likely to find
a
-class c audio amplifier
-tuned modulator
-class B RF amplifier
-class A RF output amplifier
Class B RF amplifier

Question No. 24
Indicate in which of the following only one
sideband is transmitted
-H3E
-A3E
-B8E
-C3F
H3E

Question No. 25

This cannot be used to remove


unwanted sideband in SSB. This is the

Balance modulator

Question No. 26

R3E modulation is sometime used to

Simply the frequency stability problem


reception

Question No. 27

To provide two or more voice circuits


with the same carrier, it is necessary to
use

ISB

Question No. 28
Vestigial sideband modulation (C3F) is
normally used for

Hf point to point communication

Question No. 29

In the stabilized reactance modulator


AFC system,

The discriminator frequency must not be to


low, or the system will fail

Question No. 30

In the spectrum of a frequency


modulated wave

the amplitude of any sideband depends on


the modulation index

Question No. 31

The difference between the phase and


frequency modulation

lies in the different definitions of the


modulation index

Question No. 32
Indicate the false statement regarding the Armstrong
modulation system,
- the system is basically phase and not frequency,
modulation.
- AFC is not needed, as the crystal oscillator is used.
- Frequency multiplications must be used
- Equalization is unnecessary.
Equalization is unnecessary.

Question No. 33
An FM signal with a modulation index Mf is
passed through the frequency
tripler.
The wave in the output of the Tripler will have
a modulation index of

3mf

Question No. 34
An FM signal with a deviation () is passed
through a mixer, and has its
frequency reduced fivefold. The deviation in
the output of the mixer is

Question No. 35
A pre-emphasis circuit provides extra noise
immunity by

amplifying the high audio frequencies

Question No. 36
Since noise phase modulates the FM wave,
as the noise sideband
frequency approaches the carrier frequency,
the noise amplitude

is decreased

Question No. 37
When the modulating frequency is
doubled, the modulation index is
halved, and the modulating voltage remains
constant. The modulation system
is

frequency modulation

Question No. 38
Indicate which one of the following is not
an advantage of FM over AM:
- better noise immunity is provided
- Lower bandwidth is required
- The transmitted power is more useful
- Less modulating power is required
Lower bandwidth is required

Question No. 39
One of the following is an in direct way of
generating FM. This is the

Armstrong modulator

Question No. 40

In an FM stereo multiplex
transmission, the

difference signal modulates the, 38KHz sub


carrier

Question No. 41
Indicate which of the following statement
about the advantages of the
phase discriminator over the slope detector is false:
- much easier alignment
- better linearity
- great limiting
- fewer tuned circuits
great limiting

Question No. 42
Show which of the following statement about the amplitude
limiter is
untrue:
- the circuit is always biased in class C, by the virtue of the leak
type bias
- when the input increases past the threshold of limiting, the gain
decreases to keep the output constant
- the output must be tuned
- leak type biased must be used
the circuit is always biased in class C, by the
virtue of the leak type bias

Question No. 43
In a radio receiver with simple AGC

an increase in signal strength produces more


AGC

Question No. 44
In broadcast super heterodyne receiver,
the

mixer input must be tuned to the signal


frequency

Question No. 45
To prevent overloading of the last IF
amplifier in the receiver, one should
use

variable sensitivity

Question No. 46
A super heterodyne receiver with an IF of
450KHz is tuned to a signal at 1200KHz. The
image frequency is

2100KHz

Question No. 47
In a radio detector

the linearity is worse than in phase


discriminator

Question No. 48
The typical squelch circuit

cuts off an audio amplifier when the carrier is


absent

Question No. 49
Indicate the false statement in connection with the
communications
receivers.
- The noise limiter cuts off the receivers output during a noise
pulse.
- A product demodulator could be used for the reception of morse
code
- Double conversion is used to improve image rejection
- Variable sensitivity is used to eliminate selective fading
Variable sensitivity is used to eliminate
selective fading

Question No. 50
The controlled oscillator synthesizer is
sometimes preferred to the direct
one becauseThe controlled oscillator
synthesizer is sometimes preferred to the
direct
one because
it is relatively free of spurious frequencies

Question No. 51
The frequency generated by each decade
in a direct frequency
synthesizer is much higher than the frequency
shown; this is done to

reduce the spurious frequency problem

Question No. 52
Indicated which of the following circuits
could not demodulate SSB.
- balance modulator
- product detector
- BFO
- Phase discriminator
Phase discriminator

Question No. 53
If an FET is used as the first AF amplifier in
a transistor receiver, this will
have the effect of

reducing the effect of negative peak clipping

Question No. 54
Indicate the false statement. The super
heterodyne receiver replaced the
TRF receiver because the latter suffered from
- gain variation over the frequency coverage range
- insufficient gain and sensitivity
- inadequate selectivity at high frequencies
- instability
insufficient gain and sensitivity

Question No. 55
The image frequency of a super
heterodyne receiver

is not rejected by the IF tuned circuits

Question No. 56
One of the main functions of the RF
amplifier in a super heterodyne
receiver is to

improve the rejection of the image frequency