fluent

© All Rights Reserved

31 views

fluent

© All Rights Reserved

- Convection and Radiation Over a Cylinder
- Hamza Hmt Lab Report
- week 5
- Module 3: Short Questions
- HMT University Solved Problems
- IJAIEM-2013-06-25-074
- HT-T5
- 7. Convection
- 9. Maths - Unsteady Free Convection - L. Hari Krishna
- 2-6-257-329
- Convection - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
- CH9-2
- Magneto-convective Flowand Heat Transfer of Two Immiscible Fluids Between Vertical Wavy Wall and a Parallel Flat Wall
- os hmt anand c m
- Analisis Termico
- 13-0687
- Melting and Solidification of a Pure Metal on a Vertical Wall
- Review Heat Transfer
- 05d
- NX Nastran Thermal Users Guide

You are on page 1of 27

TRN-98-006

Conditions

Discrete Ordinates

Radiation Model

F1

TRN-98-006

Outline

Introduction

Thermal Boundary Conditions

Fluid Properties

Conjugate Heat Transfer

Natural Convection

Radiation

Periodic Heat Transfer

F2

TRN-98-006

Introduction

fluid and solid regions in your model.

Handles problems ranging from thermal mixing within a fluid to

conduction in composite solids.

Energy transport equation is solved, subject to a wide range of thermal

boundary conditions.

F3

TRN-98-006

Options

which contributes to energy balance.

This term is included in the energy equation by default.

You can turn off the Diffusion Energy Source option in the Species Model

panel.

Term always included in the coupled solver.

Includes heat flux due to conduction and volumetric heat sources within solid.

Convective term also included for moving solids.

Energy sources due to chemical reaction are included for reacting flow

cases.

F4

TRN-98-006

1. Activate calculation of heat transfer.

panel.

Define Models Energy...

Enabling reacting flow or radiation will toggle

Enable Energy on without visiting this panel.

F5

TRN-98-006

2. To include viscous heating terms in energy equation, turn on Viscous

Heating in Viscous Model panel.

Often negligible; not included in default form of energy equation.

Enable when shear stress in fluid is large (e.g., in lubrication problems)

and/or in high-velocity, compressible flows.

Define Boundary Conditions...

Define Materials...

You can specify many properties as functions of temperature.

F6

TRN-98-006

default solution parameters.

However, you may accelerate convergence and/or improve the stability

of the solution process by changing the options below:

Solve Controls Solution...

Disabling species diffusion term.

Define Models Species...

Compute isothermal flow first, then add calculation of energy equation.

Solve Controls Solution...

F7

TRN-98-006

q k

T

n

k

wall

T

n

For turbulent flows, law of the wall is extended to treat wall heat flux.

The wall-function approach implicitly accounts for viscous sublayer.

The near-wall treatment is extended to account for viscous dissipation

which occurs in the boundary layer of high-speed flows.

F8

TRN-98-006

and Exits

fluid temperature.

At flow exits, fluid

temperature extrapolated from

upstream value.

At pressure outlets, where

flow reversal may occur,

backflow temperature is

required.

F9

TRN-98-006

using Source Terms option.

F10

TRN-98-006

conditions at walls:

Specified temperature

Convective heat transfer

External radiation

Combined external radiation

and external convective heat

transfer

F11

TRN-98-006

Fluid Properties

Fluid properties such as heat capacity, conductivity, and viscosity can be defined as:

Constant

Temperature-dependent

Composition-dependent

Computed by kinetic theory

Computed by user-defined functions

Alternately, density can be treated as:

Temperature-dependent

Composition-dependent

F12

TRN-98-006

Ability to compute conduction of heat through solids, coupled with convective heat

transfer in fluid.

In 2D Cartesian coordinates:

wcwT k w T k w T q

t

x

x y

y

Density, w

Specific heat, cw

Conductivity, kw

is a uniformly distributed volumetric heat source.

F13

TRN-98-006

Assembly

solved within solid regions.

Energy equation solved

simultaneously in full domain.

Convective terms dropped in

stationary solid regions.

Grid

Velocity vectors

Temperature contours

F14

TRN-98-006

when heat is added to fluid

and fluid density varies with

temperature.

Flow is induced by force of

gravity acting on density

variation.

F15

TRN-98-006

Except for body force term in momentum equation, which is replaced by:

( 0 ) g 0 (T T0 ) g

domains.

Can also be used for steady-state problems.

You can get faster convergence for many natural-convection flows than by

using fluid density as function of temperature.

F16

TRN-98-006

1. Set gravitational acceleration.

Define Operating Conditions...

2. Fluid density

(a) If using Boussinesq model:

Select boussinesq as the Density method and assign a

constant value.

Set the Thermal Expansion Coefficient .

Define Materials

Conditions panel.

temperature.

F17

TRN-98-006

3. Optionally, specify Operating Density.

Define Boundary Conditions...

F18

TRN-98-006

Radiation

direction entering medium

is reduced by:

direction entering medium is

augmented by:

Local absorption

Out-scattering (scattering away

from the direction)

Local emission

In-scattering (scattering into the direction)

Discrete Transfer Radiation Model (DTRM)

P-1 Radiation Model

Rosseland Model (limited applicability)

F19

TRN-98-006

solid angles:

I i

absorption emmision scattering i

xi

Advantages:

Accuracy can be increased by using a finer discretization.

Accounts for scattering, semi-transparent media, specular surfaces.

Banded-gray option for wavelength-dependent transmission.

Limitations:

F20

TRN-98-006

angles can be approximated by a single ray.

Uses ray-tracing technique to integrate radiant intensity along each ray:

Advantages:

dI

T 4

I

ds

Can increase accuracy by increasing number of rays.

Applies to wide range of optical thicknesses.

Limitations:

Effect of scattering not included.

Solving a problem with a large number of rays is CPU-intensive.

F21

TRN-98-006

P-1 Model

harmonics.

Advantages:

Only first term in this (rapidly converging) series used in P-1 model.

Effects of particles, droplets, and soot can be included.

Radiative transfer equation easy to solve with little CPU demand.

Includes effect of scattering.

Works reasonably well for combustion applications where optical thickness is large.

Easily applied to complicated geometries with curvilinear coordinates.

Limitations:

May result in loss of accuracy, depending on complexity of geometry, if optical

thickness is small.

Tends to overpredict radiative fluxes from localized heat sources or sinks.

F22

TRN-98-006

appropriate in general.

Define Models Radiation...

less effort.

Accuracy: DTRM and DOM more accurate.

Optical thickness: DTRM/DOM for optically thin media

(optical thickness << 1); P-1 better for optically thick media.

Scattering: P-1 and DOM account for scattering.

Particulate effects: P-1 and DOM account for radiation exchange between gas

and particulates.

Localized heat sources: DTRM/DOM with sufficiently large number of rays/

ordinates is more appropriate.

F23

TRN-98-006

Used when flow and heat transfer patterns are repeated, e.g.,

Flow across tube banks

inflow

outflow

is inflow at the other

F24

TRN-98-006

Scaled temperature (and periodic pressure) is same at periodic

boundaries.

For fixed wall temperature problems, scaled temperature defined as:

T Twall

Tb Twall

Tb = suitably defined bulk temperature

F25

TRN-98-006

Conducting regions cannot straddle periodic plane.

Properties cannot be functions of temperature.

Radiative heat transfer cannot be modeled.

Viscous heating only available with heat flux wall boundaries.

Flow must be specified by pressure jump in coupled solvers.

F26

TRN-98-006

Summary

After activating heat transfer, you must provide:

Fluid properties for energy equation

Combustion heat source

Conjugate heat transfer

Natural convection

Radiation

Periodic heat transfer

F27

- Convection and Radiation Over a CylinderUploaded byRonald Lao
- Hamza Hmt Lab ReportUploaded byAamir Rafiq
- week 5Uploaded byapi-328368860
- Module 3: Short QuestionsUploaded bycaptainhass
- HMT University Solved ProblemsUploaded byKendra Kaiser
- IJAIEM-2013-06-25-074Uploaded byAnonymous vQrJlEN
- HT-T5Uploaded byRohit Mehta
- 7. ConvectionUploaded bysuirez
- 9. Maths - Unsteady Free Convection - L. Hari KrishnaUploaded byTJPRC Publications
- 2-6-257-329Uploaded bySlem Hamed
- Convection - Wikipedia, The Free EncyclopediaUploaded bydonodoni0008
- CH9-2Uploaded byArianna Bellamy D'Aulisa
- Magneto-convective Flowand Heat Transfer of Two Immiscible Fluids Between Vertical Wavy Wall and a Parallel Flat WallUploaded byInternational Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology
- os hmt anand c mUploaded byotakoothan
- Analisis TermicoUploaded byMartín Zúñiga Contreras
- 13-0687Uploaded byyoussef_pc
- Melting and Solidification of a Pure Metal on a Vertical WallUploaded byMuhammad Akbar
- Review Heat TransferUploaded byjamesly
- 05dUploaded bynaresh
- NX Nastran Thermal Users GuideUploaded byStefano Milani
- LearningsUploaded byShooeib
- DocumentUploaded byAnonymous 5sBa2p
- Amari 1994Uploaded bySham Bansal
- Experiment 4.pdfUploaded byKartik Bharara
- Experiment 4.pdfUploaded byKartik Bharara
- Fluent-Intro 17.0 Module08 HeatTransferUploaded byNui Computercenter Swu Onk
- ME536_1Uploaded byMajid Khan
- Part-A-3Uploaded byneil
- Heat IntroUploaded bylucas
- hmt s2midUploaded bynithink100

- User Manual WsUploaded byKummitha Obulareddy
- Combustion KineticsUploaded byKummitha Obulareddy
- ME_SET_1_GATE_2015Uploaded byPritum Suthar
- 1. Fuels and CombustionUploaded byDrupad Patel
- 96 NovozhilovUploaded byKummitha Obulareddy
- Numerical Study of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Over a Series of in-line Non-circular Tubes Confined in a Parallel Plate Channel.pdfUploaded byKummitha Obulareddy
- DissertationUploaded byKummitha Obulareddy
- Meshing GuideUploaded byAlfredo Brambila Arias
- PPE_Quize_1Uploaded byKummitha Obulareddy
- Heat Transfer Modeling -Uploaded bymihailmi
- Gambit 3 EdgefaceUploaded byKummitha Obulareddy
- Basic Concepts CATIAUploaded byJoy Bittu
- Combustion PptUploaded byKummitha Obulareddy
- IC PP -UNIT IIUploaded byKummitha Obulareddy
- Boiloers and Its Mountings 4Uploaded byKummitha Obulareddy
- Various Stokers 3Uploaded byKummitha Obulareddy
- Sem ReportUploaded byKummitha Obulareddy

- Green Book, Methods for the Determination of Possible Damage, CPR 16EUploaded byjeremyg998
- Arora et alUploaded byResearcherz
- Shuttle Performance Lessons Learned, Part 2Uploaded byBob Andrepont
- Final Report on Disc BrakesUploaded bySai Kishore
- Env PhysUploaded byThevakaran Arunasalam
- Heat Transfer Theory EUploaded byAnonymous BOreSF
- Fluent-Intro 14.5 L08 HeatTransferUploaded byJesús Castillo González
- HW EOC Practice Test Part 3.docUploaded bymceldownea
- a24367f5408db06e37cc35930795d2f3.pdfUploaded byJuan Carlos González R.
- Solar Cooling Design GuidelineUploaded bybayaz
- Physics Course for StudentsUploaded byDragos P.
- BG40 Black Globe Temperature SensorUploaded byEka Widiyananto
- HW#3 SolutionUploaded byKetan Rs
- Leslie’s Cube and the Demonstration of Kirchhoff's Radiation LawUploaded byAnderson
- Stimulated IR Thermography. PaintingsUploaded byLau Ibarra
- Preamble Heat transferUploaded bykdsahoo
- Cermax_Eng_Guide.pdfUploaded byAndre Farias de Souza
- L1Uploaded bybrian
- Advanced ThermodynamicsUploaded byKumar Kote
- IR_CameraUploaded bypmnits
- Hot Humid Zone Climatic DesignsUploaded byTzuPeng
- R06_35SI. Ice RiskUploaded byWilliam Ruiz
- Newton's Law of Cooling & its applicationsUploaded byDr Srinivasan Nenmeli -K
- lecture notes on heat mass transfer.docUploaded byvis
- Our Planet - The Earth (Science for Everyone) [A. V. Byalko]Uploaded byalexramqui
- Delayed Coker Fired Heater Designand Operation & FoulingUploaded byعزت عبد المنعم
- Introduction to Astrophysics 3Uploaded byAndres Molina
- HT pipe SPUploaded byShamolog
- AUE-502 (2) (2)Uploaded byArka Patra

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.