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CITY OF ROME

CITY STREET PLANNING AND DESIGN

ROME, ITALY

Population of Rome: 2.8 million inhabitants


Area:1,285 km2 (580 sq mi)
Country:Italy,
Region: Lazio
Climate: temperate; mild, rainy winters
(September to mid-May) with hot, dry summers
(May to September)

MAP

History

Founded 753 B.C.E., Romulus


Until 509 BC, when Rome became a republic, the
city was reigned by an Etruscan dynasty of
Tarquin Kings. They built a sewer, the 'Cloaca
Maxima', to drain water from the marshlands of
the valley between thePalatine,Capitoline and
Esquiline hills to the Tiber river.

History

From then on the area became a center of activity


and it was the political heart of Rome until the fall
of the Roman Empire more than one thousand
years later. It was the site of the first forum. Here,
triumphal processions took place, elections were
held and the Senate assembled.

Ancient Rome

The Roman Forum (Forum Romanum) was the


central area of the city around which ancient
Romedeveloped. Here was where commerce,
business, prostitution, cult and the administration of
justice took place. Space where religious activities
were conducted and the communal hearth of the city.
The Roman Forum was designed by the architect
Vitruvius with proportions 3:2 (length to
width). For centuries, the Forum Romanum was the
site of the city's most important public buildings,
such as the Arch of Septimius Severus, built in AD203
and the Roman Forum Rostra or platforms for public
speeches.

Forum Romanum

Ancient Rome

The reliefs on the triple arch represented many of


Rome's victories over oriental tribes and the
Rostra was decorated with prows of warships
captured during battles. The Roman Forum
became the spectacular showcase of theRoman
Empirefilled with beautiful statues and
architecture.

The Roman Forum


Today

Today, the forum known as the Forum Romanum can look


like a disorderly collection of ruins to the uninitiated, but
with some imagination you can see the Roman Empire
come back to life at this site. Remains of many buildings
from different periods are visible; the forum was littered
with temples, basilicas and triumphal arches.

CITYSCAPE

Colosseum and The Arch of Constantine

The Trevi Fountain

Streets of Rome

Streets of Rome
have some
characteristics of a
walkable street.
o Convivial

Concentration of
Pedestrians
Streets contain
relatively large
numbers of
pedestrians.

Streets of Rome

o Residential Densities

Large concentrations of people must either live within walking


distance of the street, or the street needs to be a connecting
conduit between two (or more) highly attractive destinations.

Streets of Rome
o Active and Diverse Retail

the street to be lined with a


rich collection of healthy,
diverse, local retail
establishments.

Streets of Rome
o Traffic-Calming

Streets contain relatively


low-speed motor vehicle
travel.

Streets of Rome
o Active Building Fronts

Having doors and ample windows


facing the street creates visual
interest for the pedestrian.

Streets of Rome

o Vista Termination

locate important civic buildings such as churches, city


halls and libraries at the termination of a street vista.

Great Squares

St. Peter's Square - a massive plaza located directly in front of St.


Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City, the papal enclave surrounded by Rome.

Great Squares

Piazza Navona - a city square in


Rome, Italy. It is built on the site of
the Stadium of Domitian, built in
1st century AD, and follows the
form of the open space of the
stadium

Great Squares

Spanish Steps - a set of steps in Rome,


Italy, climbing a steep slope between the
Piazza di Spagna at the base and Piazza
Trinit dei Monti, dominated by the Trinit
dei Monti church at the top. The Scalinata
is the widest staircase in Europe.