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ACTION RESEARCH SEMINAR

INSTITUT PENDIDIKAN GURU


KAMPUS SULTAN ABDUL HALIM

ACTION RESEARCH ORAL


PRESENTATION
Dated :16.10.2014

USING PICTURES AS A TOOL TO


TEACH PRONOUNS TO YEAR 3
PUPILS
MUHAMAD AKMAL BIN
ZAKARIA
910314 02 5677
SUPERVISOR : PN. QUINIE ONG KOOI LOO
EVALUATOR 1 : CIK SITI YUSRIZA
ABDULLAH

Background context of the pupils

Lower primary school: year 3


Sub urban area school.
No special need pupils. (according to
the teachers in the school)

Identification of the problem


First discovery orally: inability to distinguish
the personal pronouns.
Examples:
When the pupils wanted to answer the
question (pointing somebody else);
Teacher, teacher, he want do it (the person
that was pointed is a girl)
Another discovery pupils activity book. The
same errors were made. Examples
I have a father. He/She/It like fishing.

The father can become it.

Focus Of The Research


The focus is the

personal pronouns

(singular):

he

she
n
i
a
M

it
s
u
c
o
F

Literature Review

If language structures make up the skeleton


of language, then it is vocabulary that
provides the vital organs and the flesh.
(Harmer 1993: 153)

When the pupils are able to use the words, they


can immediately use them because it has
become a new language either in written form
or spoken form (Allen,1983: 108).

Pictures are one of these valuable aids. They


bring images of reality into the unnatural
world of the language classroom. (Hill 1990: 1)
Pictures bring not only images of reality, but
can also function as a fun element in the class.

Has the research been done


before?
Yes it has been done but with different
focus.
By:
Kateina Joklov in her Bachelor Thesis 2009
from Masaryk University.
Her topic for the research is: Using pictures
in teaching vocabulary.
The focus was mainly about vocabulary.

The Objective Of The Research

Explore the use of pictures as


a tool to teach pronouns

The Research Question


Can I use pictures as a tool in
order to teach pronouns?

So What are the ways?


Flashing the pictures.
Matching the pictures with meaning.
Cut and paste the pictures with respective
sentences.

Target Groups
6 of them were chosen
through initial test.
Pupils

Reason of being chosen

Inability to apply the concept.

Never pay any attention.

Intelligent, but too shy.

M.I.A most of the time.

Show interest only when


understand the lesson.

Show interest only when


understand the lesson.

Why this 6 pupils?


Initial test was
administered.

Feedback session
(the pupils were
asked to make
correction).

6 pupils were unable to


do the correction (so
they become chosen
one).

Whitehead and McNiffs Action


Research Cycle (2006)

observ
e

modify

evaluat
e

reflect

act

Timeline of the research intervention


2 weeks. No
intervention.
Final Test

Initial Test
(initial
survey)

Test 1
3 weeks of
interventions.

Implementation Of The Intervention

3
weeks
each week
1
interventio
n

Summary of Action Plan


Steps /

Topic / Title / Level

Weeks
1

Using flash card for initial

stimulation
Matching pictures with words

Cut and paste the pictures

One of the intervention


method.

Data Gathering Method

Test
For the pupils.

Observation Notes
For the teacher.

Results (test based)

Test (%) Initial


Test (%) 1
Test (%) Post

Results cont.
Based from the differences
in test.
Pupils

Reasons For Getting The Results. (Pupils


Testimony) [unrecorded]

I can understand.

Now I know.

Err I Know

Sorry I Sick But Can See

Its good to know He (boy), She (girl), It (not human)

So I was right Can I color the pictures?

Results (observation notes


based)
Participati
on

Pupils
A

Overall

moderate moderate

C D

low moderate good

F
good

Reason for using observation


notes
To record and make conclusion whether the pupils
participated during the lesson (intervention) by
the teacher.
Why?:
The reason for choosing this method is not just
about to understand the meaning of pronouns by
using pictures but also about fun learning various
ways of using pictures, this is mentioned by Hill,
1990 function as fun element.

conclusion
Was it answered? The research Question?
Can I use pictures as a tool in order to
teach pronouns?
The answer is: Yes, I can use pictures as a
tool in order to teach pronouns because
there are various ways to do so.

Suggestion For Further Action

To ensure validity and reliability of the


research, this method needs to be try out on
other pupils on various schools.
Using this method (pictures) on other topics;
verbs and other descriptive words.
Continue with the plural nouns.

References
ALLEN (1983), Virginia French. Techniques in
Teaching vocabulary: Teaching techniques in
English as a second or foreign language. New York:
Oxford University Press, 1983. ISBN 0-19-434130-5.
HARMER, Jeremy. The Practice of English Language
Teaching. Essex: Longman Group UK Limited, 1993.
ISBN 0582-04656-4
HILL, David A. (1990). Visual Impact: Creative
language learning through pictures. Essex:
Longman Group UK Limited. ISBN 0-582-03765-4