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Chapter 21

Revolutionary Changes in the


Atlantic World, 1750-1850

Objectives
How the new wealth generated by the Industrial Rev.,
along with increases in trade and colonialism, coincided
with the new intellectual trends of the Enlightenment to
cause a questioning of tradition, which in some cases
resulted in revolution.
How local concerns and conditions affected each
revolution, and how the outcome of revolution changed
the lives of common people.
How conservatives reacted to revolution, and what
methods they used to try to stem the tide of change.
How revolutions began to transform Western political
culture and how they eventually influenced
revolutionaries the world over.

Key Words

Enlightenment
Scientific Revolution
Common Sense
Constitution
Articles of
Confederation
French Revolution
National Assembly

Bastille
Declaration of the
Rights of Man
Reign of Terror
Saint Domingue
Congress of Vienna

Chapter 22
The Early Industrial Revolution,
1760-1851

Objectives
Why the Industrial Rev. began in Great Britain, and how
it transformed the face of Europe, America and then the
world.
Impact of the Industrial Rev. on the environment and
societies that experienced it.
How the Industrial Rev. and accompanying change
influenced politics and economies both at home and
abroad.
Explain what happened in countries in Africa and Asia
where the process of industrialization began later than in
the West.

Key Words

Why Britain first?


Urbanization
Women and wages
Karl Marx
Labor unions

Japan
Russia
Results of
Industrialization
Importance and
affects of the
transportation

Chapter 23
Nation Building and Economic
Transformation in the Americas,
1800-1890

Objectives

Explain how the independence movements of North and South


America began, what groups were involved, and how the colonizers
responded.

How these new nations developed their own institutions, and how
the land, powerful individuals, economies, and their neighbors
influenced their development.

Discuss the role that non-northern-European peoples played in the


development and success of nations.

Discuss the kinds of reforms American called for, and what was
involved in promoting sometimes difficult movements, such as the
abolition of slavery, the protection of native lands, and the womens
movement.

Changes people made in the environment, what benefits they


derived from those changes, and what price they paid for them.

Key Words

Junta Central
Simon Bolivar
Jose Maria Morelos
Miguel Hidalgo y
Costilla
Agustin de Iturbide
Personalist leaders

Trail of Tears
Abolitionists
Jim Crow laws
France and slavery
Acculturation

Chapter 24
Land Empires in the Age of
Imperialism, 1800-1870

Objectives:
How the land-based empires of Eurasia struggled
to develop and what domestic factors were
involved in their development.
How European economic and political aims
interfered with the development of the Ottoman
regions and China.
How Europe and Russia interacted during
Russias development.
How the role of women changed in the Ottoman,
Russian, and Qing Empires.

Key Words

Greek independence
Crimean War
Extraterritoriality
Social reform
movements
China sphere of
influence

Tanzimat era
Young Ottomans
Russian serfs
Sultan Selim III
Janissaries

Chapter 25
Africa, India, and the New British
Empire, 1750-1870

Objectives:

How the end of the exportation of African slaves


outside Africa changed the types of goods traded,
the types of workers used on plantations and
where they came from, and how it influenced the
increase in slavery in Africa.
How colonizers influenced their colonies, what
different styles of control they chose to use, how
they were received by the native peoples, and in
what ways colonial rule facilitated the rise of
nationalism in some countries, particularly India.
How the British colonies of the South Pacific
differed from their other possessions.

Key Words
Muhammad Ali
Algeria
Africa and European
explorers
David Livingstone
Slave trade

Secondary Empires
British raj
Rammohun Roy
Great Trek
South Pacific settler
colonies

Chapter 26
The New Power Balance, 18501900

Objectives:
How industry and new technologies transformed the
economies, environments, societies, and politics around
the world.
How the role of Victorian culture played in the
development of the Western world.
How industrialism spurred development in countries
outside Europe and explain the societal changes resulting
from industrialization.
How certain movements and systems developed in
response to the ills caused by industrialization and
nationalism.

Key Words
Steel producers
Ocean shipping
Submarine telegraph
cables
Industrialization and
environmental effects

Japanese Imperialism
Tokugawa Shogunate
Karl Marx
Nationalism
Otto Von Bismarck

Chapter 27
The New Imperialism, 1869-1914

Objectives:
How the scramble for Africa was inspired,
what made it possible, and how it changed
the world.
How colonies dominated by the same
European power could have distinct
differences based on the type of colonial
rule instituted there.
How new and old Imperialism differed.

Key Words
Annexations
Cultural motives for
Imperialism
Job opportunities for
European women
Types of Imperialism
Scramble for Africa

Afrikaners
African resistance
Islam
Monroe Doctrine
Panama Canal