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HVAC SYSTEM

HVAC(Heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning)


System

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What is HVAC?
HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air
conditioning) is the technology of indoor and
vehicular environmental comfort. HVAC
system design is a subdiscipline of
mechanical engineering, based on the
principles of thermodynamics, fluid
mechanics, and heat transfer. Refrigeration
is sometimes added to the field's
abbreviation as HVAC&R or HVACR, or
ventilating is dropped as in HACR (such as
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the designation of HACR-rated circuit

HVAC is important in the design of medium


to large industrial and office buildings such
as skyscrapers and in marine environments
such as aquariums, where safe and healthy
building conditions are regulated with
respect to temperature and humidity, using
fresh air from outdoors

HVAC systems use ventilationair ductsinstalled


throughout a building to supply conditioned air to a
room through outlet vents, called diffusers; and ducts
to remove air through return-air grilles.
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Heating.

A heater is an object that emits heat or causes


another body to achieve a higher temperature. In
a household or domestic setting, heaters are
usually appliances whose purpose is to generate
heating (i.e. warmth). Other types of heaters are
Ovens and Furnaces.
Heaters exists for all states of matter, including
solids, liquids and gases. There are 3 types of heat
transfer: convection, conduction and radiation.

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Central Heating sysytem

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Ventilation
Ventilation is the process of changing or replacing air
in any space to control temperature or remove any
combination of moisture, odors, smoke, heat, dust,
airborne bacteria, or carbon dioxide, and to replenish
oxygen. Ventilation includes both the exchange of air
with the outside as well as circulation of air within
the building. It is one of the most important factors
for maintaining acceptable indoor air quality in
buildings. Methods for ventilating a building may be
divided into mechanical/forced and natural types
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Ventilation system Machine

Typical AHU components:


1 - Supply duct
2 - Fan compartment
3 - Flexible connection
4 - Heating and/or cooling coil
5 - Filter compartment
6 - Return and fresh air duct

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Air conditioning.
Air conditioning and refrigeration are provided through the
removal of heat. Heat can be removed through radiation,
convection, or conduction. Refrigeration conduction media
such as water, air, ice, and chemicals are referred to as
refrigerants. A refrigerant is employed either in a heat pump
system in which a compressor is used to drive
thermodynamic refrigeration cycle, or in a free cooling
system which uses pumps to circulate a cool refrigerant
(typically water or a glycol mix). Free cooling systems can
have very high efficiencies, and are sometimes combined
with seasonal thermal energy storage so the cold of winter
can be used for summer air conditioning.

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Air-conditioning system

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Air filtration and cleaning

Air cleaning and filtration is an important factor


of our indoor environment because cleaning the
air filters out what the lungs cannot by removing
particles, contaminants, vapors and gases from
the air. The filtered and cleaned air then is used
in heating, ventilation and air conditioning. Air
cleaning and filtration should be taken in account
when protecting our building environments.
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HVAC System for a Container


Box House

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A sample Shipping container box


house

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Ventilation window

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Hybrid Heat Split System


Hybrid Heat Split System
hybrid heat

A Carrier hybrid heat split system is a more energy-efficient variation of the


traditional heating and cooling split system. The inclusion of a heat pump
allows the option of electricity-fueled heating and cooling, in addition to gas
furnace heat. An cost-effective Carrier hybrid heat split system includes:

Heat Pump Cools and/or heats refrigerant


Furnace and Evaporator Coil Converts refrigerant and circulates air
Ducts Carry the air throughout your home
Control or ThermostatYour interface for controlling your system

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Split System

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Refrences
Donella H. Meadows, 2008. Thinking in
Systems: A Primer. Edition. Chelsea Green
Publishing
Bill Whitman, 2008.Refrigeration and Air
Conditioning Technology. 6 Edition. Cengage
Learning
www,google.lk
www.wikipedia.com
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Group O

Participated members
A.Waseem rasa HND CV/05/96
M.F.M.Farhan HND CV/05/99
M.R.M.Razeen HND CV/05/97

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