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You are on page 1of 26

RC DPI Synthesis

Most general realization is F I or F II

1/24/15

RC DPI Synthesis

1/24/15

RC DPI Synthesis

Why R and C0?

At s=, all Capacitors will be shorted

making the impedance equal to R

i.e. Z()= R

At s=0 (origin)

1

Z(0)

sC 0

1/24/15

s 0

4

RC DPI Synthesis

general RC network can be written as

Ri

1

Z(s) R

C 0 s i 1 sR i C i

1 Ci

1

Z(s) R

C 0s i s 1 R i Ci

1/24/15

RC DPI Synthesis

function can be written as

impedance

K0

Ki

Z RC (s) K

s

i s i

One property that is obvious now, its

pole must lie only on the negative real

axis including origin.

1/24/15

RC DPI Synthesis

It will never have a pole at infinity.

At s= , Z(s)= Constant or Zero.

At s=0, Z(s) has a pole or constant value.

Ki and K0 are residues and they are

positive and real.

1/24/15

RC DPI Synthesis

To answer this question we can look at

the poles of Y(s) of an RC DPI Function

Most general from of Y(s) for a RC DPI

can be written using Foster II form

1/24/15

RC DPI Synthesis

1

1

YRC (s)

Cs

R0

i R i 1 sC i

sC i

1

YRC (s)

Cs

R0

i sC i R i 1

1/24/15

RC DPI Synthesis

s Ri

1

YRC (s)

Cs

R0

i s 1 Ci R i

'

sK

i

YRC (s) K '0 K ' s

'

s

i

i

1/24/15

10

RC DPI Synthesis

YRC (s) K '0 K ' s

i

sK i'

s i'

K0

Ki

Z RC (s) K

s

i s i

YRC(s)

ZRC(s)

Pole at s=

No pole at s=

No pole at origin Pole at origin

Ki is not a

Ki is a residue

residue

1/24/15

11

RC DPI Synthesis

YRC (s) K '0 K ' s

i

sK i'

s i'

K0

Ki

Z RC (s) K

s

i s i

Ki is a residue?

Yes. YRC(s)/s will have Ki as its

residue.

1/24/15

12

RC DPI Synthesis

YRC (s) K '0 K ' s

i

sK i'

s i'

K0

Ki

Z RC (s) K

s

i s i

YRC(s)

ZRC(s)

axis

axis

Poles & zeros of RC DPIs must lie

only on the -ve real axis.

1/24/15

13

Properties of RC DPIs

Poles & zeros of RC DPIs lie only on

the -ve real axis.

YRC (s)

Z RC (s)

are form

s

equivalent

That means residues of ZRC(s) and

YRC(s)/s are real and positive

Residues of YRC(s) are real and negative.

1/24/15

14

Properties of RC DPIs

K0

Ki

Z RC (s) K

s

i s i

K0

Ki

Z RC () K

i i

dZ RC ()

K0

Ki

2

2

d

i i

dZ RC ()

K0

Ki

2

0

2

d

i i

dYRC ()

0

d

1/24/15

15

Properties of RC DPIs

dZ RC ()

0

d

s=0

Pole at origin

Constant=K+Ki/

i

1/24/15

Constant=K

s=

Zero

16

Properties of RC DPIs

K0

Ki

Z RC (s) K

s

i s i

Re al part of Z RC ( j) K

i

K i i

1/24/15

17

Properties of RC DPIs

dZ RC ()

0

d

1/24/15

s=0

s=

Constant=ZRC(0

Constant=ZRC()

)

18

Properties of RC DPIs

dZ RC ()

0

d

s=0

s=

Constant=ZRC(0

Constant=ZRC()

)

alternate on the -ve real axis.

First critical frequency has to be a

pole.

Last critical frequency must be a

zero.

1/24/15

19

Properties of RC DPIs

Poles & zeros of YRC(s) must

alternate on the -ve real axis.

First critical frequency has to be a

zero.

Last critical frequency must be a

pole.

1/24/15

20

Examples

(s 1)(s 4)(s 8)

s(s 2)(s 6)

(s 2)(s 4)

(s 1)(s 6)

1/24/15

(s 1)(s 8)

(s 2)(s 6)

s(s 2)

(s 1)(s 6)

21

Synthesis of RC DPIs

3(s 2)(s 4)

Z RC (s)

s(s 3)

8 K

Z RC (s) 3

s s3

8

1

Z RC (s) 3

s s3

1/24/15

22

Synthesis of RC DPIs

Foster I PFE of ZRC(s)

Foster II PFE of YRC(s)

1/24/15

23

Cauer I Synthesis

For ZRC(s), there is no pole at infinity.

So first remove the constant value (min.), then

remaining Y1RC(s) will have a pole at infinity. We can

remove that pole.

Then remaining Z2RC(s) will have a constant value at

infinity.

This will continue till the functions is completely

factorized using CFE starting from highest powers of s.

1/24/15

24

Cauer II Synthesis

For YRC(s), there is no pole at origin.

So first remove the constant value (min.), then

remaining Z1RC(s) will have a pole at infinity. We can

remove that pole.

Then remaining Y2RC(s) will have a constant value at

origin.

This will continue till the functions is completely

factorized using CFE starting from lowest powers of s.

1/24/15

25

Synthesis of RC DPIs

(s 1)(s 3)

s 2 (s 6)

(s 1)(s 3)

YRC (s)

s 2 (s 6)

Realize this in F I, F II, C I and C II

1/24/15

26

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