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MDT JOB PLANNING

AND
INTERPRETATION
BY: MUHAMMAD ZAHID

MDT:Modular Dynamic Formation Tester is the tool through which we can test
the formation and measure the formation pressure, temperature and get
the pure reservoir fluid and water samples.

MAIN COMPONENTS OF AN MDT TOOL :Formation Pressure Gauges


Formation Resistivity Gauges
Pump Out
Live Fluid Analyzer
Sample Chamber

MDT JOB PLANNING:MDT job is designed after evaluating the open hole logs. There are few
main points which should be keep in mind before planning the job.
1- Select the depth points for formation pressure.
2- Select at least three (3) pressure points in one bed.
3-Pressure points should fall in oil/gas zones and water bearing zone.
4- Select the oil/gas sample point, which should be clean and try to get it
from top of the reservoir.
5-Also select a point for water sample in water bearing zone.
6- MDT oil/gas sample is very suitable for PVT analysis.

MDT Operation:If you have to QC or witness the MDT operation then you should consider
the points which are given below:1- MDT Gauges should be calibrated.
2- Check the tool zero position.
3-Tools probe should be against the desired depth.
4- MDT packer should be set correctly.
5-Formation pressure should be less than mud pressure.
6- Dont stay longer at any point.
7- Take care before taking the formation sample. The representative sample
should be formation fluid not the mud filtrate, for this check the resistivity
gauge and Live Fluid Analyzer.

MDT INTERPRETATION:Interpretation of MDT data is very interesting. For interpretation you have to
make a graph between the formation pressure and depth. When you plot the
formation pressure against the depth you will get the density gradient, values
of which are given as under:
Oil, Gas and Water has different gradients.
1-Gas = 0.55 g/cc
2-Oil = 0.88 g/cc
3-Water = 1.0 g/cc
These are density gradients of different fluids. Where your gradient changes
you can mark the Gas-Oil contact, Gas-Water contact, Oil-Water contact.
The deeper pressure points should have higher value of pressure. If this is
not following then its means the data is not correctly recorded.
During plotting the data some points will fall away from normal behavior
these points called Super Charge points due to low permeable formations
like Shale.
In low permeable carbonates dual packer MDT is useful.

MDT gas/oil sample is very suitable for PVT analysis and other lab
analysis. Through this sample we can calculate the compressibility factor
and gas components.

Calculate the salinity of formation water in laboratory through MDT water


sample is very excellent use of formation water sample. Through this
salinity we can calculate the formation water resistivity (Rw), which is the
most essential parameter in log interpretation.

The formation water analysis is also very useful for well completion
equipment.

THANKS!!!