INDIAN STANDARS SPECIFICATION

S.N Characteristic Requirements of grades o. s S35 S45 S55 S65 S90 S200 Methods of test,ref.to

(1) 1.

(2)

(3)

(4) 0.99

(5) 0.99

(6) 0.99

(7) 0.99

(8) 0.99

(9) IS 1202:1978 IS 1209:1978

Specific gravity0.99 at 270c,Min Flash 175 point,Clevelan d open cup,0c,Min

2.

175

175

175

175

175

3.

Softening point 50 to 6545 to 0 c 60

45 to 60 40 to 55

35 to 50 30 to 45

IS 1205:1978

INDIAN STANDARS SPECIFICATION
4. Penetration ratio,Min Ductility at 27 0 c,cm,Min 35 35 35 35 35 35 ___

5.

50

75

75

75

75

___

IS 1208:19 78 IS 1206:19 78

6.

Viscosity At: (a)60 0c,poises. 2500 (b)135 0 c,cost,Min 2000 1500 1000 500 250

Part2

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Part3

APPLICATION OF BITUMEN
ROAD CONSTRUCTION

Bitumen is used as a binder for aggregates to produce hot mix asphalts and macadams. Hot bitumen is delivered to a fixed asphalt plant where the hot mixture is produced and then transported to the road site for laying and compaction to produce the finished road surface.

APPLICATION OF BITUMEN
ROAD CONSTRUCTION

Different specification binders allow the road construction industry to create surfaces that facilitate different performance. One great advantage of asphalt is that it can be laid on a dam or reservoir face in a continuous manner, thus eliminating joints which can become points of weakness and leaks.

APPLICATION OF BITUMEN
Primary considerations in obtaining a good premixed material
      

Resistance to deformation. Resistance to drainage Good load spreading characteristics Resistance to wear Good riding characteristics Good skid resistance Compatibility

Laying of hot rolled asphalt wearing course with a paving machine

Construction of townline road

APPLICATION OF BITUMEN
SURFACE DRESSING
 

Process commonly used for road maintenance Consists of spraying a thin film of binder onto the road surface using a mobile spray vehicle. Followed by the application of a layer of stone chippings that are rolled to embed them into the surface. Emulsions and cutbacks are usually used in the spray application.

APPLICATION OF BITUMEN
SURFACE DRESSING
FUNCTIONS
  

As a dust palliative To increase skid resistance of smooth surfaces To water proof a WBM layer and prevent entry of water into the pavement and subgrade To improve the light reflection characteristics of bitumen surfacing As a preservative course to resist abrasion

APPLICATION OF BITUMEN
ROOFING FELT AND FOR SEALING FLAT ROOFS.

Roofing felt is a fiberglass or polyester fleece impregnated with bituminous impregnating agents . It is produced in roll form .

APPLICATION OF BITUMEN
PROOFING MATERIAL

Bitumen has unique waterproofing properties. Largely due to its impermeability and lack of reactivity. Widely used for the waterproof and dampproof of the roofs, basements, swimming pool, tunnies, etc.

PVC WATERPROOF MEMBRANE

APPLICATION OF BITUMEN
PRINTING INK

Traditionally, producers used a natural hydrocarbon. Now, it has been replaced by bitumen. Three quarters of the black inks used for the printing of daily newspapers are consequently made from Venezuelan bitumen.

APPLICATION OF BITUMEN
BITUMINOUS EMULSION THAT ACCELERATES GROWTH

Mulch is a term used in agronomy to designate a protective layer formed. A variant, « petroleum mulch », is produced from a bituminous emulsion applied by pulverisation. A continuous film of bitumen protects the seeds and accelerates germination. This film limits water evaporation, prevents leaching of soils and raises soil temperature.

APPLICATION OF BITUMEN
OTHER APPLICATION

  

Sound insulation of automobile and electrical appliance components. carpet linings. thermal and acoustic insulation of buildings. paints and varnishes to ensure protection against humidity and corrosion. jointing mastic for works of art

APPLICATION OF BITUMEN
OTHER APPLICATION
 

Coatings for wrapping papers. Material for containment of many types waste, including nuclear waste. Protective sheathing for pipes and electric cables. Condensers.

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