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ADSORPTIVE REMOVAL OF

Cr(VI) AND Al(III) FROM


AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY
SUGARCANE BIOMASS
Paramatma Mishra
Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus
Tribhuvan University

Dr. Deba Bahadur Khadka


Central Department of Chemistry,
Tribhuvan University
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Presentation outline
Introduction
Experimental
Results and discussion
Conclusion
Acknowledgement

Introduction
Adsorption: A surface phenomenon effectively used for

removing metal ion from waste water


Techniques like Precipitation, ion exchange, reverse osmosis,

solvent extraction etc are economically expensive with


incomplete metal removal.
Agricultural waste(rice husk, sugarcane bagasse, maize bran,

lapsi seeds, apple waste and many more) can be the


alternative, economically cheap and eco-friendly adsorbent

Objectives of the study


To prepare, modify and characterize low cost adsorbent.
To compare adsorption capacity of raw and modified

adsorbent
To investigate effect of pH, contact time and initial

concentration of metal ion.


To study the nature of adsorption isotherm and adsorption

kinetics
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Experimental: Preparation of
Adsorbent

Washed
&
grinded

Conc.
H2SO4

Saccharum
officinarum

Charring

Grinded

Modified material

Chemical treatment improves adsorption capacity to greater extent


than untreated adsorbent
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Effect of chemical treatment

Characterization of the adsorbent


Surface area (BET technique)
SEM image
IR spectra

Batch pH study
Different sets of constant Cr(VI) & Al(III) solution with

pH 1-10 each containing 25 mg of adsorbent were shaken


in mechanical shaker.
Optimum pH of Cr(VI) and Al(III) were determined.

Batch isotherm study


Cr(VI) & Al(III) solutions of concentration 10 to 400

mg/L each containing 25 mg of adsorbent at their


respective optimal pH were shaken in mechanical
shaker.
Both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms were used

to describe adsorption behaviour

Batch kinetics study


Different sets of constant Cr(VI) & Al(III) solution each

containing 25 mg of adsorbent at their respective optimal pH


were shaken for time 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100,
120, 180, 300 & 1440 minutes
Equilibrium contact time was determined
Data obtained were tested with pseudo-first order, pseudo-

second order and second order kinetics

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SEM image of raw & modified bagasse

Raw
bagasse

Modified
bagasse

IR spectra of raw & modified bagasse


Raw
Bagasse
Raw bagasse

Modified
Bagasse

Modified
bagasse

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max for Cr(VI)

Absorbance

0.1

max =540nm

0.08
0.06
0.04
0.02
0
450 470 490 510 530 550 570 590 610
Wavelength
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Absorbance

max for Al(III)


0.4

max =530nm

0.3
0.2
0.1
0
450 470 490 510 530 550 570 590
Wavelength
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Effect of pH on Cr(VI) removal

% adsorption

100
80
60
40

RSCB
MSCB

20
0
0

pH3

15

% adsorption

Effect of pH on Al(III) removal


100
80
60
40

RSCB
MSCB

20
0
0

3
pH

7
16

(mg/g
)

qe

Adsorption isotherms for the adsorption of Cr(VI)


140
120
100
80
RSCB
60
MSCB
40
20
0
0
100 200 300 400
ce (mg/L)
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Adsorption isotherms for the adsorption of Al(III)

qe
(mg/g)

140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
0

RSCB
MSCB

50 100 150 200 250 300


ce (mg/L)

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ce /qe (g/L)

Langmuir adsorption isotherm for Cr(VI)


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RSCB

10

f(x) = 0.03x + 1.63


R = 0.97
MSCB

5
0
0

f(x) = 0.01x + 0.19


R = 0.99

50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400


ce (mg/L)
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Freundlich adsorption isotherm for Cr(VI)


2.5
2

log qe
(mg/g)

1.5

MSC
B

f(x) = 0.54x + 0.91


R = 0.91

RSC
B

RSCB

f(x) = 0.55x + 0.17


R = 0.88

0.5
0
0

0.5

1
logce
(mg/L)

1.5

2.5

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Langmuir adsorption isotherm for Al(III)

ce /qe (g/L)

f(x) =
R = 0

2.5
2
1.5

RSCB

f(x) = 0.01x + 0.18


R = 0.99
MSCB RSCB

Linear (RSCB)
MSCB
Linear (MSCB)

1
0.5
0
0

50

100

150

ce (mg/L)

200

250

300
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Freundlich adsorption isotherm for Al(III)


2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
0
0

log qe
(m g/g)

f(x) =
R = 0

MSCB

f(x) = 0.51x + 1
R = 0.86
RSCB
Linear (RSCB)
RSCB
MSCB
Linear (MSCB)

0.5

1.5

logce
(mg/L)

2.5

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Pseudo-second order kinetics for adsorption of Cr(VI)

40
t/qt
(min/mg/g)

30

RSCB

f(x) = 0.09x + 8.94


R = 0.97
MSCB

20
10
0
0

RS
CB

f(x) = 0.04x + 3.64


R = 0.95

50 100 150 200 250 300 350


Time(min)
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Pseudo-second order kinetics for the adsorption of Al(III)

t/qt
(min/mg/g)

40
30
20
10
0
0

RSCB

f(x) = 0.07x + 8.96


R = 0.87

f(x) = 0.04x + 4.21


R = 0.97

50

RSCB
Linear (RSCB)
MSCB
MSCB
Linear (MSCB)

100 150 200 250 300 350


Time(min)

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Conclusion
% removal of Cr(VI) & Al(III) depend upon pH, contact

time and initial concentration of the metal ion


At pH 1.0 maximum adsorption capacity for Cr(VI) found

to be 131mg/g (MSCB) and 27mg/g(RSCB)


Contact time for Cr(VI) was found to be 3 hours
At pH 6.0 maximum adsorption capacity for Al(III) found

to be 125mg/g(MSCB) and 34mg/g(RSCB)

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Conclusion(contd.)
Contact time for Al(III) was found to be 2 hours
Langmuir isotherm found to be best fitted
Pseudo-second order kinetics model gave the

better fit to the experimental data


Hence, sugarcane bagasse can be used as an

alternative adsorbent with very high efficiency


of removal of Cr(VI) and Al(III)
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Acknowledgement
Department Of Chemistry
Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus
Dr. Deba Bahadur Khadka
Central Department Of Chemistry
Tribhuvan University
Nepal Academy of Science &Technology (NAST)
Khumaltar, Lalitpur
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Thank You
For Your Kind
Attention

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