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CHEMISTRY

CHAPTER 5

b O N D I N G
Form Of
Compound

Ironic
Bonding

B
N
D

Covalent
Bonding
Properties
Of
Compound

O
I

Note

Practice

Summary

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5.2

Ironic Bonding
INFO

Ionic
bonding is
form
between 2
different
charge of
ion from 2
different
type of
elements

5.2.2

The form of Ion


Positively

Charge Ion
Negatively
Charge Ion

5.2.3
The form Of Ionic
Bonding
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I o n i c
B o n d I

I
o
n
i
c
B
o
n
d
i
n

5.2

Ironic Bonding

5.2.2
Ion (A)

The form of
Positively Charge Ion
Positively charge ion is formed from Group 1, 2 &
13 elements in periodic table (metal elements).
These atom have 1, 2 & 3 electron in their outershell
respectively

B
o
n
d
i
n
BondI n

Inclined to donate the outershell electron to achieve


octet electron arrangement.

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Ionic

I
o
n
i
c

5.2

Ironic Bonding
Example :
Group 1 : Sodium

Na
Na+ 1 + e ( 2. 8. )
(2.8)

Group 2 :

Calcium

Ca
( 2. 8.2 )

Group 13 : Aluminum

Al
( 2. 8.3 )

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I o n i c

Ca2+
( 2.8 )

I
o
n
i
+ 2e
c

B
Al3+ + 3e
o
( 2.8 )
n
d
i
n
B o n d I

5.2

Ironic Bonding

(A)

Negatively Charge Ion


Negatively charge ion is formed from Group 16 &
17 elements in periodic table.
These atom have 6 & 7 electrons in their outershell
respectively

B
o
n
d
i
n
BondI n

Inclined to accept electron to achieve octet electron


arrangement.

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Ionic

I
o
n
i
c

5.2

Ironic Bonding
Example :

Group 16 : Oxygen

O
6O2-

2e

( 2. )
( 2.8 )

Group 17 : Chlorine

Cl
7 Cl

( 2. 8. )
( 2.8.8 )

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I o n i c

B o n d I

I
o
n
i
c
B
o
n
d
i
n

5.2

IKATAN ION

Pembentukan ikatan ion


logam

Bukan logam

( Kump 1, 2 & 13 )

Melepaskan elektron
pada petala terluar

Ion bercas positif


(kation)

( Kump 16 & 17 )

Menerima elektron
pada petala terluar

Ion bercas negatif


(anion)

ikatan ion

i
k
a
t
a
n
i
o
n

5.2

IKATAN ION

Contoh ikatan ion


NaCl
MgO

K2O

i
k
a
t
a
n

MgBr2

i
o
n

Al2O3
CaCl2

ikatan ion

5.2

IKATAN ION

BAGAIMANA IKATAN ION TERBENTUK ..??

logam

Melepaskan
elektron pada
petala terluar
(menjadi
kation )

Untuk mencapai
susunan elektron
yang stabi (oktet)
( 8 elektron pada
petala terluar)

Ion yang
berlainan
menarik
antara satu
sama lain

Bukan
logam

Menerima
elektron pada
petala terluar
(menjadi
anion )
Mewujudkan
daya tarikan
elektrostatik
yang kuat

k
a
t
a
n
i
o
n

5.2

IKATAN ION

To
achieve
an octet
Electron
+
arrangement
Na
and
Clthe
will

and
..
chlorine
And
atom
configuration,
Na
of
sodium
is
2.8.1
and
attract
each
other
attraction
will
accept
is
called
the
will donate
the
chlorine
isof2.8.7
because
the
ELECTROSTATIC
electron
andtwo
outershell
electron
different
charge
1FORCES
Cl
than become
become
Na+ .

How NaCl
is tform
??
s
I
l
C
Na

1+
1+

11-

Na
Na

Cl
Cl

2.8
2.8
2.8.1

2.8.8
2.8.7
2.8.8

Susunan elektron atom Na ialah 2.8.1


dan Cl ialah 2.8.7.
Atom Na melepaskan satu elektron
pada petala terluar untuk mencapai
kestabilan oktet dan membentuk ion
natrium, Na+ . Atom klorin menerima
satu elektron membentuk ion klorida,
Cl - tarikan elektrostatik yang kuat
Daya
menarik bersama ion Na+ dan ion Cl
-.
Ikatan ion terbentuk.

i
k
a
t
a
n
i
o
n

5.2

IKATAN ION

JOM CUBA !!!

MgO

2+

Mg

2.8.2
2.
2.8
MgO
8

2-

2.8
2.6
2.
8

I
k
a
t
a
n
i
o
n

5.2

Ironic Bonding

Your explaination must include :

I
o
Electron arrangement for metal element and non-metal e
n
Metal element donate the valence electron and become
i c
c
Non-metal element accept the electron and become anion
cation and anion attract each other
The attraction is called ELECTROSTATIC FORCES

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I o n i c

B o n d I

B
o
n
d
i
n

5.2

Ironic Bonding

JOM CUBA !!!


1-

Cl

2.8.7
2.8.8

MgCl2
2+
2+

Mg

2.8.2
2.8
2.
8

1-

Cl

2.8.7
2.8.8

i
k
a
t
a
n
i
o
n

5.2

Ironic Bonding

Metal Elements
Proton
Elements
No
Sodium

Electron
configuration

Valence
electron

Group in
periodic
table
1

11

2.8.1

Magnesium

12

2.8.2

Pottasium

19

2.8.8.1

Aluminium

13

2.8.3

13

Calcium

20

2.8.8.2

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I o n i c

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B o n d I

I
o
n
i
c
B
o
n
d
i
n