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Kayvon Alizadeh
Scott Mitchell

What is Obesity

Obesity is defined as having a BMI of 30

or higher
Men with more than 25 percent body fat
and women with more than 30 percent
body fat are considered obese.
Overweight and obesity are defined by
the WHO (World Health Organization) as
abnormal or excessive fat accumulation
that presents a risk to an individuals

What Is Obesity (cont.)

To find out if youre overweight, you can

check a weight-for-height chart.
You can also find your body mass index
(BMI), which is a commonly used way to
measure overweight and obesity. To find
your BMI, multiply your weight in pounds
by 704.5, then divide the result by your
height in inches and divide that result by
your height in inches a second time. As
stated earlier, a BMI of 30 or more
indicates that someone is obese.

Short Term Effects

Sleep Apnea
High blood pressure
Shortness of breath
Low self esteem/poor body image
Risk for eating disorders

Long Term Effects

Type 2 Diabetes
High cholesterol and triglycerides
Cardiovascular disease
Coronary artery disease
Liver and Gallbladder disease
Cancers (endometrial, breast, and colon

Obesity and Cardiovascular


Obese people are at a higher risk for

hypertension and atherosclerosis
Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of
heart attacks
Both of these conditions put you at a high
risk for cardiovascular disease

Diabetes Video


A metabolic disease in which the bodys inability to produce any

or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood
Being overweight can cause your body to become resistant to
The more fatty tissue you have, the more resistant your cells
become to insulin.
Inactivity. The less active you are, the greater your risk. Physical
activity helps you control your weight, uses up glucose as
energy, and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin.
Exercising less than three times a week may increase your risk
of type 2 diabetes.
If you already have diabetes, this means you will need to take
even more insulin to get sugar into your cells. And if you dont
have diabetes, the prolonged effects of the insulin resistance
can eventually cause you to develop the disease

Obesity and Diabetes

As of 1999, diabetes affected 16 million

(six percent) of Americans an increase
of 40 percent in just ten years.
During the same period, the obesity rate
climbed from 12 percent to almost 20
Last year the diabetes and obesity rates
increased 6 percent and 5.7 percent.
Of the people diagnosed with type II
diabetes, about 80 to 90 percent are also
diagnosed as obese.

Colon Cancer

Obesity is known to raise the risk of many types of cancer, but

studies have demonstrated a particularly strong link between
obesity and cancer of the colon or rectum (often referred to as
"colorectal cancer" or just "colon cancer"). Being overweight or
obese raises the risk both of being diagnosed and dying from
this disease.
Most cases of colorectal cancer start as a non-cancerous growth
called a polyp. Studies have found that people who are
overweight or obese are more likely to develop these polyps,
and higher weights are associated with higher polyp risk. It has
also been shown that people who are obese are more than twice
as likely to die from colorectal cancer as those with healthy
A diet that is high in red meat and processed meat (like
luncheon meats and hot dogs) increases the risk of developing
the disease.


Lack of exercise
Poor diet and nutrition
Underactive thyroid gland
Fast paced life style

Ex: fast food, no home cooked meals

Alarming Statistics

More than 60 percent of Americans aged 20 and

older are overweight. One fourth of American
adults are also obese.
17% of teenagers and children
Obesity among U.S adults doubled between 1990
and 2010
Mississippi is the state with the highest rate 34.9%
Estimated that annual medical care costs of
obesity are as high as $147 billion
Globally, an estimated 43 million preschool
children (under age 5) were overweight or obese
in 2010, a 60 percent increase since 1990.

Combatting Obesity

Initial prevention

Prevention is the best option for avoiding obesity

Lifestyle change
Better diet and nutrition

ACSM, 2009:
Improve health among overweight and obese:
150 mins/wk moderate-vigorous (minimum)
Long term weight loss
200-300 mins/wk moderate-vigorous
Clinically significant weight loss
> 250 mins/wk moderate-vigorous
Prevent weight regain
150-250 mins/wk moderate-vigorous


Eckel, Robert H. "Obesity and Heart Disease." American Heart

Association. N.p., 2013. Web.
"Obesity." Idea Fit. IDEA Health & Fitness Association, 2013. Web.