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Soil Behaviour

Soil Behaviour

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SOIL STRENGTH

BEHAVIOUR G G G G 2

LEARNING OUTCOME

At the end of the lecture, student should be able to

understand:

Concept of total and effective stresses, pore

pressure and excess pore pressure

Concept of friction model and soil shear strength.

Mohr-Coulomb failure theory, shear strength

parameters

Determination of shear strength parameters of

soils shear box and triaxial test

INTRODUCTION

WHAT is STRENGTH??

that can be induced in a material without it failing

It is used loosely to mean the shear strength

STRENGTH

Cameron Highland

Pulau Pinang

Gerik - Lenggong

Jalan Tunku

Tidak dapat dibuktikan

secara teori

Laluan 82.1-Tamparuli,Ranau,Sabah

Sepangar, Sabah

SHALLOW LANDSLIDES

MALAYSIA

2008)

hs s

t

ea low

D

5 nga ed

u oy

B

r

14 est

D

SHEAR STRENGTH

The internal resistance per unit area that the

soil mass can offer to resist failure and sliding

along any plane inside it.

The maximum value of shear stress that may be

induced within the soil mass before the soil yields

Soil generally failed in shear. At failure, shear

stress along the failure surface () reaches the

shear strength (f).

SHEAR STRENGTH

Shear strength within a soil mass is

due to the development of frictional

resistance between adjacent

particles

The force transmitted between two

bodies in static contact can be

resolved into two components:

a normal component N,

perpendicular to RS, and a

tangential or shear component T,

parallel to it

The soil grains slide over each other

along the failure surface. There is

no crushing of individual grains.

N

T

R

T

N

Soils generally fail in shear

SHEA

R

FAILU

RE

At failure, shear stress along the failure surface reaches the shear

strength.

MOHR COULOMB

The strength envelopes is a graphical

representation of a particular limiting condition of

shear stress/normal stress ratio

The failure envelope is known as the MohrCoulomb failure envelope

The failure envelope is a curved line

For most soil mechanics problems, it is sufficient

to approximate the shear stress on the failure

plane as a linear function of the normal stress

The linear function is known as Coulombs Law.

FAILURE ENVELOPE

MOHR COULOMB

f= c + tan

where

f - the shear strength of the soil

c the cohesion of the soil which represents the attraction

forces between the particles

the normal stress applied to the soil

the angle of internal friction of the soil

MOHR COULOMB

In saturated soil, the total normal stress at a

point is the sum of the effective stress, and

pore water pressure, u

= + u

The Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion,

expressed in terms of effective stress, will be

as follows

f = c + tan

COHESION (C)

(a) Cohesionless Soil (c = 0) (b) Pure cohesive soil ( = 0) (c) Cohesive-frictional soil (c-

c for normally consolidated clays

can be approximated at 0

c for overconsolidated clays are

greater than 0

Typical values of internal angle of friction, are

given in table below :

CIRCLE

Mohr circle of stress provides a convenient method of

analyzing two-dimensional stress states

As stated by Mohr-coulomb failure criterion, failure from

shear will occur when the shear stress on a plane

reaches a value given by the coulomb law (f)

Normal stress induced

are y and x, where y

> x. So this have

cause shear

Figure 1: Inclination of failure plane in

soil with major principal plane

CIRCLE

Figure 2: Mohrs

circle and failure

envelope

'3 = minor principal stress

The failure plane EF makes an angle

with the major principal plane

To determine the angle and the

relationship between major and

minor principal stress, refer Figure 2

Fgh is the failure envelope define by

the coulomb law relationship

It can be shown that bad = 2 = 90

+ , or

= 45 + /2

Triaxial Test

Unconfined Compression Test

Vane Shear Test

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