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A ball is a round usually spherical but sometimes ovoid, object with

various uses. It is used in ball games, where the play of the game
follows the state of the ball as it is hit, kicked or thrown by players.
Although many types of balls are today made from rubber, this form
was unknown outside the Americas until after the voyages of
Columbus. The Spanish were the first Europeans to see bouncing
rubber balls (albeit solid and not inflated) which were employed
most notably in the Mesoamerican ballgame. Balls used in various
sports in other parts of the world prior to Columbus were made from
other materials such as animal bladders or skins, stuffed with
various materials.

INTEGRANTES: Macarena Ortiz – Gonzalo Santa Clara – Franco Perino

and is played among aboriginal tribes at the present day. The Hebrews have no mention of the ball in their scriptures. Nausicaa was playing at ball with her maidens when Odysseus first saw her in the land of the Phaeacians. Some form of game with a ball is found portrayed on Egyptian monuments. viii. A rolling object appeals not only to a human baby but to a kitten and a puppy. 370). And Halios and Laodamas performed before Alcinous and Odysseus with ball play. accompanied with dancing (Od.• A ball. In Homer. as the essential feature in many forms of gameplay requiring physical exertion. must date from the very earliest times. .

but were generally left to boys and girls. would seem to be a game of catch played by two or more. The names in Greek for various forms. It seems to have been played by two sides. which has often been looked on as the origin of football. as a means of keeping the body supple. . and rendering it graceful. Pollux mentions a game called episkyros. thus. if there were any such. how far there was any form of "goal" seems uncertain. which have come down to us in such works as the Ὀνομαστικόν of Julius Pollux. . arranged in lines. Of regular rules for the playing of ball games. little trace remains. the flinging of the ball in the air to be caught by two or more players. where feinting is used as a test of quickness and skill. only means the putting of the ball on the ground with the open hand. imply little or nothing of such.• Among the Greeks games with balls (σφαῖραι) were regarded as a useful subsidiary to the more violent athletic exercises.

and the follis. There appear to have been three types or sizes of ball. the . the largest of the three. and were graduated to the age and health of the bathers. a leather ball filled with air. and usually a place (sphaeristerium) was set apart for them in the baths (thermae). a heavy ball stuffed with feathers. used in catching games. played by three players standing in the form of a triangle. and played with the follis. though the names are Greek. These games are known to us through the Romans. which seems to imply a "scrimmage" among several players for the ball. the . who wore a kind of gauntlet on the arm. or small ball. There was a game known as trigon. This was struck from player to player.• Among the Romans. ball games were looked upon as an adjunct to the bath. . and also one known as harpastum.