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The European Union

THE EUROPEAN UNION
50 Years of Peace, Prosperity and Partnership

The European Union
Celebrating the European Union:
A Half Century of Change and Progress
• Since the creation of the EU half a century ago,
Europe has enjoyed the longest period of
peace in its history.
• European political integration is unprecedented
in history.

European Union

United in diversity

• EU enlargement has helped overcome the
division of Europe – contributing to peace,
prosperity, and stability across the continent.
• A single market and a common currency
conditions for companies and consumers.
• EU has united the citizens of Europe – while
preserving Europe’s diversity.

The European Union
What is the European Union?

27

Member States

Combined
population of
EU Member
States

7

490
million

55

• Largest economic body in the world.
• World’s most successful model for advancing
peace and democracy.
• A unique institution – Member States
voluntarily cede national sovereignty in many
areas to carry out common policies and
governance.

Percent of world’s
population
Percent of
global GDP

• Shared values: liberty, democracy, respect for
human rights and fundamental freedoms, and
the rule of law.

30

Percent of combined
worldwide Official
Development Assistance

• Not a super-state to replace existing states,
nor just an organization for international
cooperation.
• World’s most open market for goods and
commodities from developing countries.

• Negotiates trade agreements and manages Europe’s multilateral development cooperation. manages Union’s day-to-day business and budget. representing Member State’s point of view. • EU’s executive branch proposes legislation. • Decides on foreign policy issues. . • Council presidency rotates among Member States every six months. and enforces rules. comprised of ministers of 27 Member States.The European Union EU Institutions European Commission • 27 Commissioners. Council of the European Union European Commission President José Manuel Barroso • EU’s main decision-making body. each responsible for a specific policy area. representing the European perspective.

the ECJ can only deal with matters covered by the Treaties. European Parliament in session • Approves EU Commissioners. • With the Council. . • Can act as an independent policy maker but unlike the U. European Court of Justice • Highest EU judicial authority.S. passes EU laws and adopts EU budgets. Supreme Court. • Ensures all EU laws are interpreted and applied correctly and uniformly.The European Union EU Institutions European Parliament • Voice of European citizens – members elected for five-year terms.

The European Union European Central Bank • The European Central Bank (ECB) is the central bank for Europe's single currency. the euro. • The ECB’s main task is to maintain the euro's purchasing power and thus price stability in the euro area. • The ECB operates independently from Member State governments. The euro was introduced in 1999 • The euro area comprises the 15 European Union countries that have introduced the euro since 1999. .

The €uro .The European Union United in Diversity .

€ One of the striking benefits of a single European currency are low interest rates due to a high degree of price stability. the euro area was established as a currency in eleven of the then fifteen EU Member States. fifteen have adopted the euro. .The European Union The €uro € In 1999. € Of the 27 EU Member States today. € The euro is as stable and credible as the bestperforming currencies previously used in the euro area countries.

Italy. France. . cooperating within shared institutions. the aim was to secure peace among Europe’s victorious and vanquished nations and bring them together as equals. the Federal Republic of Germany. Jean Monnet and other leaders with the first “European” ingot of steel • Based on a plan by French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman. • Six founding countries – Belgium.The European Union 1951: European Coal and Steel Community • In the aftermath of World War II. Luxembourg and the Netherlands – signed a treaty to run heavy industries (coal and steel) under common management.

creating the European Economic Community (EEC) – or “common market. . services.” • As a result. goods. people.The European Union 1957: Treaty of Rome Signing of the Treaty of Rome • The six founding countries expanded cooperation to other economic sectors. and capital today move freely across the Union.

The European Union 1951 Founding Members Belgium France Germany Italy Luxembourg Netherlands .

The European Union 1973 Denmark Ireland United Kingdom .

The European Union 1981 Greece .

The European Union 1986 Portugal Spain .

The European Union November 1989 Fall of the Berlin Wall sets the stage for unifying Europe and EU enlargement .

The European Union 1995 Austria Finland Sweden .

The European Union 2004 Cyprus Czech Republic Estonia Hungary Latvia Lithuania Malta Poland Slovakia Slovenia .

The European Union 2007 Bulgaria Romania .

The European Union Candidate Countries Croatia Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Turkey Potential Candidate Countries Albania Bosnia & Herzegovina Montenegro Serbia including Kosovo under UN Security Council Resolution 1244 .

the rule of law.” • Inspired reforms and consolidated common principles of liberty. and market economy. European Council Declaration Dec. democracy. • Enhanced the EU’s weight in the world and made it a stronger and more attractive international partner. fundamental freedoms. 15. respect for human rights. It has helped to overcome the division of Europe and contributed to peace and stability throughout the continent.The European Union 50 Years of EU Integration Enlargement has: “Enlargement has been a success story for the European Union and Europe as a whole. 2006 1957 2007 6 27 Population 174 million 493 million Languages 4 23 Member States .

delivers concrete results in the fight to eradicate poverty. .The European Union The EU in the World The EU is a global player. democracy and human rights. High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy Javier Solana. and EU Commissioner Benita Ferrero-Waldner development. and in achieving sustainable UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon. prosperity. Its soft power promotes stability.

enhance law enforcement and judicial cooperation. – Boosts trade and transport security to support the struggle against terrorism. – Undertakes humanitarian and peacekeeping missions and has provided military forces for crisis management around the globe.The European Union Addressing Global Challenges • Peace & Security – Works for global peace and security alongside the United States and multilateral organizations – including NATO and the United Nations. . • Counterterrorism & Homeland Security – Taken steps to improve intelligence sharing. curtail terrorist financing.

• Development Assistance & Humanitarian Relief – The EU and its Member States are the world’s largest aid donor. – Campaigns globally against capital punishment. providing 55% of total official development assistance. – Fights racism and intolerance at home and abroad. – Provides billions of dollars in humanitarian aid to more than 100 countries in response to crises and natural disasters. .The European Union Addressing Global Challenges • Democracy & Human Rights – Works globally for free elections and open democratic processes.

– The world's most open market for products and commodities from developing countries – 40% of all EU imports are from developing countries. . to promote growth and jobs in both industrialized and developing countries. – Supports free trade and open markets. within the rules-based structure of the WTO.The European Union Addressing Global Challenges • Trade – European Commission represents all 27 EU Member States before the World Trade Organization.

such as the Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change. maintaining rigorous and comprehensive systems at home.The European Union Addressing Global Challenges • Environmental Protection – A leader in global efforts to protect the environment. – Plays a key role in developing and implementing international agreements. Source: German Information Center USA . – Executing a “cap and trade” system to reduce greenhouse gas emissions – Takes the lead in the fight against global warming with the adoption of binding energy targets (cutting 20% of the EU’s greenhouse gas emissions by 2020).

No temporary debate. and strategically important partnership. and a united Europe – this is really the indispensable partnership. Bush “The relationship between the United States and Europe is the world’s strongest. most comprehensive. to passing disagreement among nations. The United States. no power on earth. will ever divide us.” President of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso .The European Union The European Union and the United States “Our strong friendship is essential to peace and prosperity around the globe.” President George W.

work together to develop international standards: – Fighting terrorism and transnational crime – Advancing global trade liberalization – Combating piracy and intellectual property violations EU Commissioner Benita FerreroWaldner & U.S.S. agree. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice – Spreading benefits of globalization • EU and its Member States are helping restore peace and stability in Afghanistan.S. work together in the Middle East Quartet to advance the peace process. • When the EU and U.S. • EU and U. .The European Union Partners in Global Leadership • EU and U. others tend to follow.

S. and the rule of law around the world. EU and U. limit the spread of nuclear weapons. good governance. provide 80% of global development assistance and an even larger share of global humanitarian aid in times of disaster and conflict. human rights. and work for global peace. • Development Together.The European Union Shared Values and Responsibilities • Freedom & Democracy Support free elections. . • Security Cooperate to fight terrorism.

economy. together account for 40% of total global trade (more than $1. Europe accounted for roughly twothirds of total global investment flows into the U. • In 2005. . • The $3 trillion EU-U. – by far the most significant source of foreign investment in the U.S.S.The European Union A Dynamic Transatlantic Economy • EU and U.S.S. transatlantic economy employs 14 million workers on both sides of the Atlantic.5 billion in transatlantic trade every day).

– In 2005. BMW’s assembly plant is South Carolina’s largest private sector employer. – U.S. . – The UK.alone as they make in China.S. combined. investments in China and Japan. and the Netherlands – top four sources of jobs created by foreign investment in the United States. Germany. businesses make 5 times the profit in the Netherlands . EU investments in Texas alone surpassed all U. France.S.The European Union • European companies are the leading foreign investors in the U. • American companies invest far more in EU countries than in Asia.

The European Union Future of Transatlantic Relations • EU and U. face common challenges that are global in origin and impact. are natural partners to give a lead in four key areas: – Promote peace. – Advance strategic cooperation on energy security. . come global responsibilities. With global challenges. climate change and sustainable development.S. – Foster prosperity and opportunity. including security and non-proliferation. human rights and democracy worldwide. • EU and U.S.. – Confront global challenges. with our shared values and common interests.

we commit ourselves to strengthening our cooperation to address these challenges. pandemics and natural disasters on its own.S. Summit Declaration Vienna.” EU-U. July 2006 . counterterrorism. non-proliferation.The European Union “Since no single nation can efficiently and effectively deal with global challenges such as climate change.

– Scholarship programs – R&D cooperatives • EU and U. universities.The European Union Education & Research • EU and U. . cooperate on science and technology education through: – Exchange programs – More than 700 institutional partnerships – Vocational training EU supports R&D to increase Europe’s growth and global competitiveness.S.S. • EU funds Centers of Excellence at leading U.S. provide joint or dual higher educational degree programs.

The European Union .