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The Resolute

I. Rizal Seeks Justice
for His Family
He sought the assistance of the
1. Associacion Hispano-Filipina and the
liberal newspapers in Madrid (La Justicia, El
Globo, El Dia, La Republica, El resumen,
etc) – to ventilate the grievances of his
family and the oppressed tenants in his

Del Pilar (who acted as his lawyer).Together with Marcelo H. . Rizal sought an audience with Señor Fabie (Minister of Colonies) to air the injustices committed by Governor-General Valeriano Weyler and the Dominican friars against the Calamba folks. Dominador Gomez (who is the secretary of Asociacion Hispano – Filipina). Dr.

and fold the arms – this is the Spanish colonial policy.El Resumen – Madrid newspaper which sympathized with the Filipino “To cover the ears. open the purse.” .

Silvestre Ubaldo. . Teong (Mateo Elejorde) and Dandoy (Rizal’s relative)  His parents were forcibly ejected from their home and were then living in the house of Narcisa (Antonino’s wife).MORE TERRIBLE NEWS REACHED RIZAL IN MADRID  Letter from Silvestre Ubaldo (Rizal’s brother-in-law) – copy of ejectment order by Dominicans against Rizal’s father & the Calamba tenants  Saturnina’s letter – deportation to Mindoro of Paciano Rizal. Antonio Lopez.

3. . In desperation. Rizal sought the help of former liberal statesmen of Madrid. (Becerra and Maura) Queen Regent Maria Cristina –ruler of Spain during the minority of Alfonso XIII.

he praised Panganiban for his extraordinary talent. intelligence and industry and considered his death as a lost for the country. Panganiban – Rizal’s friend and talented co-worker in the propaganda. 1890 after a lingering illness. Rizal deeply mourned the passing of this Bicol hero so he wrote a great eulogy to Panganiban. The Death of Jose Maria Panganiban Jose Ma. In the eulogy. . He died in Barcelona on August 19.II.

III. Aborted Duel with Antonio Luna End of August. 1890 – Rizal attended a social reunion of the Filipinos in Madrid. Luna was bitter because of his frustrated romance with Nellie Boustead. .

A Duel with Retana Wenceslao E.IV. Rizal challenged Retana to a duel to vindicate the good name and reputation of Rizal’s family. . in the anti-Filipino newspaper in Madrid. Retana – a press agent of the friars in the Philippines. La Epoca. He attacked Filipinos including Rizal.

V. The news About the Marriage of Leonor Rivera .

Rizal was feeling bitter at so many disappointments he encountered in Madrid. his beloved sweetheart. One night he and some friends attended a play at Teatro Apollo.In the autumn of 1890. . And there he lost his gold wrist watch chain with a locket containing the picture of Leonor Rivera.



announcing her coming marriage with an Englishman (Henry Kipping) . 1890 – Rizal received a letter from Leonor.December.

. 1891 – Blumentritt replied to the letter of Rizal and comforted Rizal when Rizal confide to him about his agony and broken heart.February 15.

Rizal’s Break with Del Pilar .VI.

Closing days of 1890 .leader of the Filipinos in Europe however this declined because he had NO PATIENCE with his more frivolous PAISANOS esp. first owner -replaced Graciano Lopez Jaena as Editor in Chief . Rizal.there arise an unfortunate rivalry between Rizal and del Pilar for supremacy. women and cards. famous in Madrid with his bold editorial in La Solidaridad. -bought it from Pablo Rianzares. which he owned. Del Pilar. those who loved wine.brave lawyer and journalist.


a new leader who would act as a spokesman of the Filipino cause in Europe .January 1. 1891 (New Year’s Day) – the Filipinos of Madrid met to reorganize the Asociacion Hispano – Filipina to elect a Responsable.

2/3 of the vote to be the Responsable. Pilaristas – fought for del Pilar’s election . February 1891 – (1st week) election starts Filipinos were divided into two rival camps: Rizalistas and Pilaristas Rizalistas – worked hard for the election of Rizal.

Candidates wanted to withdraw for the sake of unity. . but their fanatical followers would not allow them to do so.thirds vote for election 2nd vote. 1st Balloting-either candidate failed to garner the necessary two.taken the next day with the same result Rizal counted the votes in his favour which were nineteen (19).

I'm going to pack my bags---until we meet again. senores.“Good! I see that I have only nineteen friends in the colony. Farewell.” .

Mariano Ponce. Rizal really meant what he said. hence he thought it better for the cause to depart and leave Del Pilar without a rival in Madrid. Teodoro Sandiko (Pilaristas) – change their votes in favor of Rizal But it was too late. . Antonio Luna. His presence in Madrid only served to split the Filipinos.

VII. Nellie Boustead . highly intelligent.For Rizal. virtuous. and full of life. An Affair with Nelly Bousted Rizal arrived in Biarritz in the early part of February 1891. she was the epitome of a real Filipina. {insert picture here} .

2. * It was in this city where Rizal completed the manuscript of his second novel. Rizal did not give up his Catholic faith in exchange for the love of Nellie. . El Filibusterismo. Rizal was not acceptable to Nelly’s mother. who was a devout Protestant.2 Reasons Why the Affair was not Consummated 1.

VIII. He stayed in the residence of his friend Valentin Ventura. To Paris and Brussels Once Again Rizal left Biarritz on March 30. He wrote letters to Jose Maria Basa in Hong Kong and practice ophthalmology to support himself. 1891 and travel to Paris. .

Rizal went to Brussels. It was in this city where Rizal informed the Propaganda authorities of his decision to retire form the reform movement. . He again met Petite Suzanne with whom he had a love affair before.From Paris.

1891. Rizal’s sequel to the Noli was ready for printing.Rizal concentrated his time and effort in revising the manuscript of the El Filibusterismo. By May 30. .

Templado . Matira Chellaine A.Reporters: Amie M.

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