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KELOMPOK 4

FLOWCHART
2013020170 MAKMUR
2013020171 AHMAD SHOLIHIN
2014020198 MUH. ROBBY MALIK

A layout of the kind used by programmers is called a flowchart. the spirit and purpose of flowcharying remain the same .So far we have conserned ourselves primaily with computers and computer language. The first step in programming any problem is to lay out in a logical fashion. were the first to use a graphic aids in outlining the solutions of prloblems on which they were working. Now we must ask ourselve how a programmer acrually sits down and begins to write a program. Even though the conversations of flowcharting are different now from those that von Neuman used. New Jersey. Flowcharting is not restricted to the preparation of programs is ane particular language. but is rather a broad overview of the specific problem independent of the particular language taht is to be used in the final program The intellectual father of flowcharting is John von Neuman. He and his collagues at the Institute for Advanced Studies at Priceton.

START REMOVE THE NEXT TUBE NO IF FINAL TUBE STOP REMOVE A TUBE IS THIS TUBE DEFECTI VE ? REMOVE THE NEXT TUBE YES REPLACE IT WITH A GOOD TUBE IF FINAL TUBE STOP .

All that flowchart indicate is that each tube should be tasted until detective tube have been replaced. We can then assume that the machine will be in proper working order. .

this is used as in input/ output symbol. stand for processing. that show the order in which the different action in the program are performed . It is usually in the form od question that has to be answerd. It indicated that we either bring something to the program or we take something from the program The rectangel symbol. indicate that a decision has to made. in other words a place in the program where action is taken. The diamond symbol. the direction of flow of the program. which indicate either the start of the finish of a prgram Parallelogram symbol. Arrow.SYMBOL OF FLOWCHARTING This is the terminal symbol.

 Flowchart are not unique. It is possible for two different programmers to write programs to solve the same problem. and yet the flowchart and the programs may be quite different.  A flowchart is almost a picture of the way a person thinks about a problem. and of course w know that there are many cases in which people approach the same problem quite differently. .

when the original flowchart has been lost or destroyed. This is really working backwards. it may be necessary to create it all over again in order to understand the program for which it was a preparatory step. However.  On the first things that a student programmer is taught is flowcharting. When documentation is not available. A new programmers ability is frequently revealed by his ability to flowchart problems that are given to him to solve. since it requires a logical and analytical mind to break down a problem into small parts and then write a clear and inclusive flowchart of all those parts . it is possible to make a flowchart from an applications program. In the normal procedure the flowchart would come before the applications program.

Thank You For Attention .