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FAH 0033

THINKING SKILLS
6. GETTING MOTIVATED:
MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES
(HOWARD GARDNER)

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MULTIPLE
INTELLIGENCES

IT'S NOT HOW SMART YOU
ARE IT'S HOW YOU ARE SMART!

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His theory proposes eight distinct. relatively independent intelligences. Howard Gardner in his book Frames of Mind (1983) proposed that intelligence is not a single unit.Howard Gardner's MI Theory   The theory of Multiple Intelligence takes into account both biological and cultural aspects of intelligence. 4 .

public relations officer Demonstrate strength in language: speaking. editor. meanings. relationship among words Found In: Novelist. listening (literary aspect) 5 . writing.1. copywriter. VERBAL/LINGUISTIC INTELLIGENCE    Description: Sensitivity to language. poet. reading.

precision.2. reasoning and problem solving. logical structure Found in: Mathematician. accountant. organization. counting. LOGICAL/MATHEMATICAL INTELLIGENCE    Description: Constitutes abstract thought. scientist. animal tracker Display an aptitude for numbers. 6 . engineer.

theoretical physicists Children who learn best visually enjoy charts. naturalists. art.VISUAL/SPATIAL INTELLIGENCE    Description: Possess powers of: keen observation. tables. graphs.3. puzzles. mental images. visual thinking. maps. sense of gestalt. illustrations. painters. metaphor Found in: Architects. costumes – anything eye catching 7 .

Found in: Performer. composer. 8 .4. timbre. rhythms. conductor. rhythm. instruments and musical expression. patterns. recording engineer. complex organization. emotional power.MUSICAL/RHYTHMIC INTELLIGENCE    Description: Sensitivity to pitch. maker of musical instruments Learn well through songs.

surgeon. timing. hands-on tasks. Found In: Dancer.BODY/KINESTHETIC INTELLIGENCE    Description: Control of one’s body.5. trained responses. building things 9 . mechanically gifted Learn best through activity: games. movement. inventor. athlete.

6. 10 . and do their learning cooperatively in groups or with a partner. politician. religious leader. counselor. sales person Noticeably people oriented and outgoing. consideration of others. Found in: teacher.INTERPERSONAL INTELLIGENCE    Description: High level of sensitivity to others.

guru. wise elder. counselor.INTRAPERSONAL INTELLIGENCE   Description: Developed sense of self. philosopher. Found in: novelist.7. 11 .

animals. More than this.8. 12 . though. these students love to pick up on subtle differences in meanings. NATURALIST INTELLIGENCE  Children who love the outdoors. The traditional classroom environment has not been accommodating to these children. field trips.

children who learn in the context of where humankind stands in the "big picture" of existence. They ask "Why are we here?" and "What is our role in the world?" This intelligence is seen in the discipline of philosophy. OTHER INTELLIGENCES  EXISTENTIALIST . 13 .9.

Unfortunately. as children grow. if an individual has strong spatial or musical intelligences. For example. they should be encouraged to develop these abilities. 14 . the implication of the theory is that learning/teaching should focus on the particular intelligences of each person.IMPLICATIONS OF MI THEORY 1. their passion for learning frequently seems to shrink. addressing their MI would throw a challenge to such students. According to Gardner. Thus. Learning often becomes associated with drudgery instead of delight.

A further implication of the theory is that assessment of abilities should measure all forms of intelligence.2. Awareness of students' attitudes and beliefs about learning facilitates learning for its own sake and can assist educators in reducing student apathy. 15 . 3. not just linguistic and logical-mathematical.

5. planning. students will acquire problem-solving.4. collaboration. 16 . By using varied challenging projects/tasks of MI variety. Students who have the freedom to choose different strategies and approaches (encourages motivation) may become more engaged in the learning process. and these students will be more likely to approach other problems with an open mind. and selfevaluation skills. communication.

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20 .Vellu memotong sebiji kek yang berbentuk bulatan kepada 2 bahagian seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam gambarajah. Vellu makan bahagian kek yang lebih kecil manakala bahagian yang lebih besar diberi kepada abangnya.

and said he hoped to study computing after finishing high school.” 21 . “He only got involved when the talk turned to computers. I’ve never heard him talk about anything else.Sasser Computer Worm    Creator: 18-year-old German Sven Jaschan Policewaffensen residents described Jaschan as shy and withdrawn.

” 22 . if a student is inclined towards entrepreneurship. without taking into consideration the interest-area of a student. That way he will no longer have to depend on the Government or other sectors for work. Why? One reason is that the education system does not prepare graduates to create their own employment opportunities. many of our graduates are still unemployed. which teaches students across the board. Hone his skills and encourage him to become a successful entrepreneur. The obstacle lies in the curriculum. Such graduates can generate their own employment. Syed Othman Alhabshi  “Despite completing their university education. then train him in that field.Dr. For example.

Inc.htm. Wilson. D. SEVEN WAYS OF TEACHING: The Artistry of Teaching with Multiple Intelligences.COMPULSORY READING   Lazear. (1991).newhorizons. O. [Online]. (1998). L. Accessible: http://www. 23 . Illinois: IRI/Skylight Publishing. Palatine.org/strategies/environme ntal/wilson2. The Eight Intelligence: Naturalistic Intelligence.