FAH 0033

THINKING SKILLS

13. HABITS THAT HINDER THINKING

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HABITS THAT HINDER THINKING 1. Face Saving 3. Conformity 5. The Mine-Is-Better Habit 2. Stereotyping 6. Self-Deception 2 . Resistance To Change 4.

The Mine-Is-Better Habit • Examples: “My bike is better than your bike.” I…my…mine….” “My hi-fi is sportier.1. 3 .” “My Mom cooks better than your aunt” “I have produced the best assignment for this project.

prompts us to prefer self-flattering errors to unpleasant realities. 4 .The Mine-Is-Better Habit • Very individualistic attitude • Self-centered • Closed-up in making sweeping assumptions • This habit actually destroys objectivity.

how are you going to handle it? 5 . how do you change it? - If you are confronted with a person in your organization with this habit.The Mine-Is-Better Habit • The best solution for such a habit: Keep your ego from interfering with your search for the truth. • Discussion question: - If you have this habit.

2. Face Saving • A natural tendency arising from our ego • To avoid undue embarrassment. we refuse to admit our own mistake • Could be due to the position we hold • Occurs after we have said or done something that threatens to disturb our self-image or the image that others have of us 6 .

” • The virtue is in acknowledging that something wrong or undesirable has occurred.Face Saving • A defense mechanism – a strategy we use to protect our image Example: - “It wasn’t my fault – he made me do it.” - “It wasn’t my fault – I had no alternative. The dishonesty lies in pointing the finger away 7 from ourselves. .

8 . • He who makes a mistake and refuses to admit it is thereby making another mistake.Face Saving • We deserve the image we create for ourselves.

There is no need for a change.3. 9 . Resistance to Change • Tendency to reject new ideas and new ways of seeing or doing things without examining them fairly. • Attitude: - The old ways are always the best.

E.Insecurity.: technological advancement has forced society to change 10 .g.Resistance to Change • Reasons for resisting change: - Simple laziness (comfort zone) - Excessive regard for tradition .

11 . progress. we are resistant to discovery. invention. • We must not embrace every new idea uncritically but be open to any useful idea. and be willing to suspend judgment. and be ready to accept it – regardless of how strange it seems – if it proves itself. creativity. • Take enough time to test the new idea.Resistance to Change • If we are resistant to change.

• Not all forms of conformity is bad/undesirable. Conformity • Harmful conformity is what we do instead of thinking.4. • “Joining the bandwagon”. to be different for the sake of being different. 12 . in order to belong to a group or to avoid the risk of being different. • It would be a mistake to fight conformity by refusing to do as others do.

g. • It is an extreme form of generalizing.5. E. religion etc. unbending generalization. Stereotyping • A stereotype is a fixed.: - Most basketball players are tall - Most engineers are men 13 . irrationally maintained • Based on race.

E.Students who drink don’t do well in their studies - Rural students do badly in Mathematics • Stereotyping is a deeper and more serious problem than overgeneralization 14 .Stereotyping • Overgeneralizations. .g.: .City residents are less friendly than people in the countryside.

accuse their lecturers of favoritism and prejudice. They have acquired the habit of pretending they are knowledgeable. or refusing to prepare for examinations. failing to hand in assignments.g. and in time come to believe the pretense themselves. • Many people deceive themselves about their competence. Students who get low grades because of missing class.6. Self-deception • E. 15 .

16 .Self-deception • If you deceive yourself about your knowledge. And if you are in a habit of judging dishonestly. you can never hope to judge well. you will not be able to decide accurately what information you need to solve a problem.

COMPULSORY READING • Ruggiero. 17 . R. V. New York: Harper & Row Publishers. The Art of Thinking: A Guide To Critical and Creative Thought. (1984).