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Microwave and Radar Engineering

Osmania University

Cognitive Radio Network Architecture


and its Applications

Vijay A Goud
Dept of ECE
1005-14-744306

VIJAY/JAN 2015/COGNITIVE RADIO

Microwave and Radar Engineering


Osmania University

Introduction to cognitive radio


Fundamentals of cognitive radio technology
Architecture of cognitive radio network
Concept of spectrum sensing
Issues in dynamic spectrum allocation and
sharing
Applications of cognitive radio
Conclusion
References

VIJAY/JAN 2015/COGNITIVE RADIO

Microwave and Radar Engineering


Osmania University

Introduction to cognitive
radio

Scarcity of communication resources


Increased number of wireless users
Inefficient usage of licensed spectrum
Increased traffic in license free band
deployment of dynamic spectrum access techniques
Innovative communication technology to address the above
issues
The concept of cognitive radio is proposed

VIJAY/JAN 2015/COGNITIVE RADIO

Microwave and Radar Engineering


Osmania University

Fundamentals of cognitive radio technology

Cognitive radio characteristics


a. Cognitive capability
b . Reconfigurabilty

Cognitive radio functions


a. Spectrum sensing and analysis
b. Spectrum management and handoff
c. Spectrum allocation and sharing

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Microwave and Radar Engineering


Osmania University

Fundamentals of cognitive radio technology

VIJAY/JAN 2015/COGNITIVE RADIO

Microwave and Radar Engineering


Osmania University

Fundamentals of cognitive radio technology

VIJAY/JAN 2015/COGNITIVE RADIO

Microwave and Radar Engineering


Osmania University

Architecture of cognitive radio network

Components of architecture
1.primary network
2.primary base station
3.secondary network
4.secondary base station
5.spectrum broker

1. VIJAY/JAN 2015/COGNITIVE
RADIO

Microwave and Radar Engineering


Osmania University

Architecture of cognitive radio network

VIJAY/JAN 2015/COGNITIVE RADIO

Spectrum sensing
analysis

Microwave and Radar Engineering


Osmania University
and

Energy detector
1.most common type of spectrum sensing
2.easy to implement
3.requires no prior knowledge of primary signal
Feature detector
1.inherent periodicity in signals compared to noise

VIJAY/JAN 2015/COGNITIVE RADIO

Microwave and Radar Engineering


Osmania University

Spectrum sensing and analysis

Matched filtering and coherent detection


1.prior information about primary signal is required

Cooperative sensing
1.user selection
2.decision fusion
3.efficient information sharing
4.disributed cooperative sensing

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Microwave and Radar Engineering


Osmania University

Dynamic spectrum allocation and


sharing

Open spectrum sharing


Hierarchical access model
1.specrtum underlay
secondary and primary both exists
2.spectrum overlay
secondary exists only when primary absent

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Microwave and Radar Engineering


Osmania University

Issues in DSA and sharing

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Medium access control in CR networks


Spectrum handoff
Cognitive relaying
Spectrum sensing and access
Power control in a CR network

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Microwave and Radar Engineering


Osmania University

Issues Continued
F . Control channel management
G . Distributed spectrum sharing
H . Spectrum sharing game
I . Routing in a CR network
J . Cooperation stimulation and enforcement
K . Security in CR networks

VIJAY/JAN 2015/COGNITIVE RADIO

Microwave and Radar Engineering


Osmania University
Applications of cognitive radio

Improving the capacity of military communications


Enhancing public safety and homeland security
Facilitates interoperability between various
communications systems
Commercial applications like data processing
Secure communication

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CONCLUSION

Microwave and Radar Engineering


Osmania University

Cognitive Radio Technology is the solution towards more


efficient utilization of the scarce spectrum resources in an
adaptive and intelligent way

VIJAY/JAN 2015/COGNITIVE RADIO

Microwave and Radar Engineering


Osmania University

References
[1] Facilitating opportunities for flexible, efficient and reliable
spectrum
use employing cognitive radio technologies: Notice of proposed rule
making and order, FCC, Dec. 2003, FCC Doc. ET Docket No. 03-108.
[2] J. Mitola, Cognitive radio: An integrated agent architecture for
software
defined radio, Ph.D. dissertation, KTH Royal Inst. of Technol.,
Stockholm, Sweden, 2000.
[3] Spectrum Policy Task Force Report, FCC, Nov. 2002, FCC Doc. ET
Docket No. 02-135.
[4] S. Haykin, Cognitive radio: Brain-empowered wireless
communications,
IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 201220, Feb. 2005.

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Microwave and Radar Engineering


Osmania University

THANK YOU

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