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MISSOURI S&T

INTRAMURAL SPORTS
Basketball Officials Training 1/11 and
1/12/12

Learning Outcomes

Understand the Basic Mechanics and


Positioning of Basketball Officiating
Be able to demonstrate how give proper
mechanics for fouls and violations

Who Are We?

Professional Staf

Sarah Moore Intramural Director


Nick White Intramural Manager
whitenic@mst.edu
573-341-4106 (office) or 770-361-1145 ( Nicks cell)

Clinicians

Mitch Jones
Casey Bollmann
Ethan Shackelford
Josh Busche
Meghann Morrow
Kristen Drage
Austin Fitzpatrick

Length of the Season


3-4 Game League
Play Begins Tuesday, January 17th
Playofs will begin
Week of February 12th

Employee Expectations
Professionalism
Courtesy/Customer Service
Outstanding Conduct When
Participating!
Responsibility
HUSTLE, HUSTLE, HUSTLE
HAVE FUN

http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=GaELjIA5BFY

Evaluations

Evaluations are constructive and for your benefit!


None of us know everything
Always room for improvement
Types of Evaluations:
Verbal All season
Written Starting the 2nd week
Questions/Concerns?
Nick White

When do I work?

Tentative Schedule:
Sunday 5:00-10:00 PM
Monday Thursday 6:00-10:00 PM
Availability Sheets
Completed today before you leave
Can update when needed (must be done by
Wednesday at 11:00pm)
Schedules
Where and when (Friday by noon via email)
Substituting

What do I Wear

Provided By Intramural Sports

You Provide

Whistle
Officials Jersey
Shorts/Wind Pants (black preferred)
Sneakers (Dark preferred)
All other essential clothing items

You are Expected to look professional at ALL


times!!!

Scoresheets Pre-Game

Players
All players must check in with a photo ID (S&T
ID or Drivers license)
Count the players on the court to see if the
number matches the amount on the score
sheet
Numbers
All players must have a unique, whole digit
number, marked on the score sheet
Captains
Captains should be noted on the score sheet

Game Time!!

Forfeit Time
Game Time!
One Team Present
Additional 10 Minutes choice
Neither Team Present
Double Forfeit
When do I start the game clock?

Game Time contd

Two 20 minute halves of continuous running time.


Clock stops for time outs or official time outs (e.g. for injuries
or retrieving a ball). Clock is not stopped for violations.
During the last two minutes of the second half, the clock will
be stopped for all dead ball situations (e.g., violations,
turnovers, time outs, fouls, etc.).
Half-time = 3 minutes
Time-out = 1 minute
2 Time-outs per half
You can only call a time-out when your team is in
possession of the ball, or during a dead ball period
During playofs if necessary, a 2 minute overtime shall be
played to determine a winner. Clock stops on all dead ball
situations. The overtime period will be repeated until a winner
is declared. There will be a 1 minute break between each
overtime.

Scoresheets Post Game

Scorekeepers
Write the result of the game and circle the winning
team.
Ensure that any ejected players are noted as such
on the sheet
Signatures
Both captains sign the sheet after the game to
verify the score and the winning team
Team Sportsmanship
Get sportsmanship ratings for both teams from the
score keeper, officials, and opposing teams
captain

Emergency Situations

Your roles:

Crowd Control
Directing/Meeting EMS Personnel
Gathering Information
Getting games stopped, and then
re-started as appropriate

Not your roles:

Diagnosis
Primary Care
Ensuring the show must go on
Assigning Blame (Publicly)
Suggesting care, or other options for injured person
Breaking up Fights

The Meat and Potatoes with a


side of Jello

Lets Talk
Basketball
One version of mechanics

Basketball Fundamentals Violations

Open Hand
Common Violations: Definitions/Demonstrations
Traveling
Double Dribble
Carry/Palming
Timing Violations

3 Seconds in the lane


10 Seconds in the back court
5 Seconds out of bounds
5 Seconds Closely Guarded

Free Throw Violations

Basketball Fundamentals Fouls

Closed Hand
Common Fouls: Definitions/Demonstrations
Blocking
Charging (Player Control)
Holding
Hand Checking
Pushing
Illegal Use of Hands
Technical

Intentional/Flagrant

Reporting a Foul

Dont make a call on the run


Come to a complete stop, then make the
signal
Stay calm, dont hurry
Raise arm
Verbalize the call
Foul

White 34 w/ the push (signal push)


Have a confident voice

Remember who was fouled and who


committed the foul

Quick Basketball Rules

Penalties are awarded


in the order they occur
A player cannot dribble
and travel at the same
time
Bonus:
Shoot 1 and 1 after
7th team foul
Shoot 2 after 10th
team foul
Dont shoot after a
player control foul

A shooter that leaves the


ground is in the act of
shooting until they return
to the ground
A try for goal is a shot or
attempt to score and it
ends when the ball
enters the basket, is
certain to miss, or hits
the floor

Technical's, Intentional,
Flagrant Fouls

Technical Foul Enforcement

Two Free Throws


Ball

will be put in play at half courtOpposite


scores table

Intentional and Flagrant Fouls

Award the person fouled 2 free throws.


Ball is put in at point of interruption

3 Person Mechanics
Objectives
Objectives for
for Using
Using 3-Person
3-Person

Remember To Officiate!
Officiate Your Primary!
Trust Your Partners!

Primary Coverage Areasbasic

C
T

Primary Coverage AreasLEAD

LEAD SHOULD:
Start wide
Close Down
Not be afraid to rotate

Rotate based on post


play
Not stop in the lane
During rotation, look for
the 1st competitive
match up, not the ball
After rotation, stay in
your new primary

Primary Coverage AreasCENTER

CENTER SHOULD:
Be Activewith Wide
Eyes
Be prepared to call your
side of the lane

Stay with the drive all the


way to the basket
Not give up a play or player
until picked up by one of
your partners
Not back out on rebound
stay put

Primary Coverage AreasTRAIL

TRAIL SHOULD:
Be Positioned at the 28 ft. line
Officiate play/shots in free throw half
circle

Stay with the drive all the way to the


basket
Not give up a play or player until picked
up by one of your partners

Primary Coverage Areas- three


point try

Lead
Leadassists
assists
Center
Centerand
andTrail
Trail
in
intransition
transition

Trail
Trailand
andCenter
Centermirror
mirror
successful
successfulattempt
attempt

There
Thereshould
shouldnot
notbe
be
two
twopreliminary
preliminary
signals
signals

Official
Officialwith
withthe
the
preliminary
preliminary
signal
signalstays
stayswith
with
the
theshooter,
shooter,off
off
official
officialtakes
takes
other
action
other action

Rotation: When & Why

Lead initiates rotation based upon:

Post Play
Ball Location
Majority of Players

Avoid rotating

During a drive to the basket


When a shot is going up
During rebounding action
When partners are not in the front court

Rotation: When & Why


contd

Recognizing rotation are crucial


because everyones primary is
changing

Recognize the type of


ofense/defense technique being
used(perimeter play, zone, man-toman)

Terminology: Wide Angle/ Close


down

Close down is
(usually) the prerequisite for rotation
to the weak side

C
T

Basic
rotation

Rotation is (usually)
initiated by the Lead

Lead will initiate rotation based


upon:
post players

ball
majority of players
partners are in front court

Looking for Angles


Spaces
Three person requires you to work for good
looks.
Particularly
Particularlyas
asCCand
andTT
you
youmust
mustmove
moveto
toget
get
aagood
goodangleangle-butbutmovement
movementis
ismostly
mostly
parallel
parallelto
tosideline
sideline
rather
than
rather thantoward
towardthe
the
center
centerof
ofthe
thefloor
flooras
as
in
in2-person
2-person
Officials
Officialsmust
mustnot
notget
get
lazy
lazyand
andallow
allow
themselves
themselvesto
toget
get
straight
straight
lined.looking
lined.lookingat
ataa
play
playthrough
throughthe
the
offensive
offensiveplayers
players

Play
situation:

X
C
Trust
TrustYour
YourPartner!
Partner!
See
Seethe
theWHOLE
WHOLEplay!
play!
This
Thisis
isCenters
Centerscall
call

Play
situation:

X
C
See
Seethe
theWHOLE
WHOLEplay!
play!
Double
DoubleWhistle
Whistleis
isGood
Good
TT&
&LLhave
havedual
dualcoverage
coverage
Trail
Trailshould
shouldhave
havethis
thiscall
call

Coverage on fast breaks/transition

In transition, the
Center official can
extend their vision
across the court
between the 3-point
arcs

C
Table

Foul- Front Court- Lead- Stays in front


court

L
L

TT
Table

Foul- Front Court- Center - Stays in front


court

C
C

This works for


situations where
there will be a
free-throwthe
Trail is at the 28
line, not halfcourt

T
T

What if the ball is to


be taken out of
bounds? Lead goes
to ball side which
forces Center back to
Trail.

Table

Foul- Front Court- Lead Goes to back


court

Table

Foul- Front Court- Center Goes to back


court

C
L

T
L

TC

Table

Foul- Front Court- Trail Goes to back


court

LT

Table

Foul- Front Court- Trail Opposite Goes to back


court

LT

C
Table

Foul- Front Court- Lead Opposite Goes to back


court

TL

T
L

Table

Miscellaneous Notes

Opposite is responsible for last second shot


T and/or C are responsible for bringing in
substitutes(all of us are ultimately
responsible)
When the ball is in your primarytake the
drive all the way to the basket
Lead officals must learn to trust their
Center official on weak side plays
Active LeadStrong Center and Trail

Miscellaneous Notes

You cant be a ball watcher and be an


efective 3-person official
Double whistles are goodWho gets the
call?
Primary!
Position of the Trail during Free Throws?

28 ft. line

Where is the C during a press???

Freeze after a rebound/made basket to see if there


if there is a press or trap.
Think: Center stay put

2 Person Mechanics
Objectives
Objectives for
for Using
Using 2-Person
2-Person

Remember To Officiate!
Officiate Your Primary!
Trust Your Partner!

BALL COVERAGE PRIMARY COVERAGE AREAS


TEAM BENCH

The Lead has on-ball


coverage.

TEAM BENCH

The Trail is off-ball and


officiating action in the
shaded area.

BALL COVERAGE PRIMARY COVERAGE AREAS


TEAM BENCH

The Lead has off-ball


and officiating action
in the red area.

TEAM BENCH

The Trail has onball coverage.

BALL COVERAGE PRIMARY AREAS


HOME BENCH

VISITOR BENCH

The Trail has on-ball coverage


and is officiating the high action
in the lined area.

The Lead is off-ball and must help


with off-ball coverage by extending to
the other side of the key because the
ball is up high.

BALL COVERAGE PRIMARY AREAS


HOME BENCH

VISITOR BENCH

The Trail has on-ball coverage


and is officiating the high action
in the lined area.

The Lead is off-ball and must help


with off-ball coverage by extending to
the other side of the key because the
ball is up high.

OFF BALL COVERAGE 3 POINT IN LEAD


AREA

HOME BENCH

VISITOR BENCH

The Trail official positions to


cover the significant action
off the ball.

o
x
o x
x
o

The Lead moves to a position to


get the 3-point line covered when
the ball is in the area.

x
o
x
o

L
L

LEAD BALL SIDE PRIMARY CHANGED

LEAD ROTATES
ACROSS TO GET
BETTER POST
COVERAGE.
ASSUMES
ADDITIONAL
COVERAGE

TEAM BENCH

TEAM BENCH

LEAD PRIMARY
COVERAGE

The coverage area for the ball-side lead is now extended to the area between the
3-point arc and the closest lane line below the F/T line extended. It is important
to note that the extended coverage only applies when the lead moves ball-side. If
the Lead stays opposite the floor is balanced.

DELAY OFFENSE
L
L
When offensive
player drives to
basket, L should
cut corner to
observe action
and get the
angle.

O
X

TEAM BENCH

TEAM BENCH

X O

When teams go to a spread or


delay officials MUST go to new
positions on floor
T

T
Lead & Trail are in proper
position for a normal
frontcourt offense

COVERAGE FOR THE


DELAY OR FOUR
CORNER
OFFENSE.

FREE THROW LINEUPS

Free Throw Lineup

Team B (team without the ball) must be located


above two lower block

(New Rule 08-09)

Lane area from the end line to, and including, the
neutral zone marks shall remain vacant

Maximum 4 Defensive and 2 Ofensive on lane line

All other players

Above the 3 point line


Above the FT lane line

Table

Maximum Line up
Configuration

Bench

Table

Team A vacates the lane

Bench

Table

Team B vacates
lane spaces

Bench

Table

Team B must occupy


first lane spaces

Bench

Free Throw Lineup

Team B (opponent of free thrower) must


set up in the first space (closest to basket
allowed)

If Team B does not set up on the first shot,


then it is a violation on Team B

After violation on Team B, you have a


technical foul on Team B

Table

FT Restrictions Ends
When Ball is in the Cylinder

Bench

FREE THROW RULES

Free Throw Rules

10 Second Limit on thrower


Free Throw Restrictions begin

Ball is at the disposal of the thrower

Free Throw Restrictions end

When the ball is in the cylinder


When the ball hits the backboard

Free Throw Rules

Free Throw Restrictions involve

Thrower
Players on the Lane Line
Players not on the Lane Line

Free Throw Rough Play

Players must stay in their lane line

Players cannot push to get better


position

TWO PERSON
MECHANICS

Basic Mechanics

Trail

Always opposite table


Signals to table what kind of FTs are
awarded
Has 10 Second count responsibility
Aware of players not on the FT lane
Chops in clock on rebounding action
Close Down on shot attempt

Basic Mechanics

Lead

Always table side


Signals to players what kind of FT has been
awarded
Administers all free throws
Chops in clock after made FTs during throw
in

Basic Free Throw Coverage


(New Rule Implementation)

Primary Coverage on Free Throw

Trail/Center

Has Free Throw Shooter


First player closest to T/C and players on
opposite lane line

Lead

First player closest to Lead and players


opposite lane line

Table

2008-2009
Rule Coverage
Responsibility

T/C

Bench

THREE PERSON
MECHANICS

Basic Mechanics

Center Official

Always Opposite Table


Has 10 Second Count
Chops clock on missed free throw
Rebounding responsibility
Close Down on attempt

Basic Mechanics

Lead Official

Always Table Side


Administers all Free Throws
After made basket (and final Free Throw) is
responsible for Chopping Clock on throw
in
Rebounding responsibility

Basic Mechanics

Trail Official

Always Table Side


Primarily responsible for substitutions
Helps with all Free Throw coverage issues
May have to watch players not on the Free
Throw Lane
Also has rebounding responsibility
Close Down on attempt
Assist partners on coverage

Basic Mechanics

All Officials (2 or 3 Officials)

Knowing the correct amount of Free Throws


awarded
Making sure subs are properly entering the
game
Making sure all players are lined up
properly
If anything is wrong get it corrected
before anything is started
Call Obvious Violations
Know the clock status!!!

Table

3 Person Coverage

Bench

Table

2 Person Coverage

Bench

FREE THROW
VIOLATIONS

Free Throw Violations

10 seconds for thrower to shoot


Free thrower and players on lane marked
spaces cannot fake to cause violation
No disconcertion
Enter or leave a marked lane space
Free thrower shall not have either foot
beyond the vertical plane of the edge of
the FT line which is farther from the
basket or the free throw semi-circle

Free Throw Violations

A player not the FTer who does not occupy a


marked lane space, may not have either foot
beyond the vertical plane of the FT line extended
and the 3 point line which is farthest from the
basket

A player occupying a marked lane space may not


have either foot beyond the vertical plane of the
outside edge of any lane boundary or beyond the
vertical edge of the space designated by a
neutral zone

Free Throw Violations

Violations committed by:

Free Thrower team


First

violation or only violation


Play becomes dead immediately
No FT can be awarded

Second violation is ignored

Free Throw Violations

Violations committed by:

Opponents of Free throw team


Commits

first violation
Play continues
FT is successful violation is disregarded

Second lane line violation is ignored

How to be a Good Official!!!

Show up on time (15 minutes prior to


your game is on time)
Dress properly
Blow your whistle with some authority
HUSTLE HUSTLE HUSTLE
Have fun, enjoy the game
Communicate with your partners
Ask questions and accept feedback
Be loud and confident

Questions???
?