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# Rolling Element Bearings

prepared by
Wayne Book

ME3180
Based on Shigley and Mischke
and Budynas and Nisbett
Design of Mechanical Elements

Outline

## Bearing types and nomenclature

Ball bearing selection criteria
Tapered bearings
Selection

(From Shigley)

(from Shigley)

(Norton)

(from Shigley)

(from Shigley)

Bearing

Shaft

Speed
n

Thrust
Housing

## Bearings are rated by radial loads F at a rating life L R

C = basic load rating at L = 106 cycles (unusable)

Failure of bearings

## Assume dirt, heat etc. are not major factors

Fatigue spalls contact surface due to cyclical
Pitting of significant area defines useful life
L10 life is the life exceeded by all but 10% of
the bearings

a

L1 F2

L2 F1
L Life in revolutions or hours at speed n rev/min

3, ball bearings
a

## 10/3, roller bearings

Note: If F1 = C, the basic load, then L1 = 106 rev/min (typical,
Timken uses 90x106); L rev = Lhours x n x 60

## Typical data: load vs life; reliability

90%
reach
life L

F/La =
constant

Design
point
Design reliability higher = RD
Predicted by Weibull distribution

## Adjustment of C10 for Reliability, etc.

Design force FD, life
L, and reliability RD
Weibull parameters
from vendor:
x0, b, (-x0)

## Find normalized life

xD = L/L10
rating

xD
C10 FD
1/ b
x

x
)(
1

R
)
0
D
0

1/ a

; R 0.90 (11 7)

Nondimensionalize equivalent
Plot nondimensionalized
Approximate with two straight
lines
Three parameters depend on
table 11-1

Fe max

VFr

XVF

YF
r
a

1, rotating inner ring or self - alingning
V rotation factor

1.2,
rotating
outer
ring

## X Radial factor from table

Y Thrust factor from table

Table 11-1

(from Shigley)
Figure 11-7

(from Shigley)
Table 11-2

## Steps in Sizing Ball Bearings

Given Fr, Fa
Select a trial bearing size from Table 11-2
Find C0 and C=C10

Table 11-1
Interpolate based on Fa/C0 to get e
Compare Fa/Fr to e, select either X1,Y1 or X2,Y2

a
Compute life
C

L
Fe
Select another bearing if not satisfactory and repeat

Example Calculations
An 02 series bearing with bore of 30 mm
carries 5.6 kN radial and 2.8 kN applied
thrust. Consider both deep grove and
angular contact bearings.
Find the radial and thrust factors
What is the predicted L10 life?
For the given Fr ,at what value of Fa does
the thrust load begin to influence the life of
the bearing?

(from Shigley)
Table 11-4

Table 11-5