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AGENDA
Mechanical Timing
Relays
Timer Instructions
ON-Delay & OFF-Delay
Retentive Timer
Cascading Timer

Mechanical Timing
Relays
Time
Time delay
delay relays
relays
and
solid-state
and solid-state
timers
timers are
are used
used to
to
provide
provide aa time
time
delay.
delay.
May
May have
have displays,
displays, ports
ports
or
interface
or interface for
for time
time
settings
settings &
&
electromechanical
electromechanical or
or
solid
solid state
state outputs.
outputs.
used
used to
to activate
activate or
or dedeactivate
a
device
after
activate a device after aa
preset
preset interval
interval of
of time.
time.

Non-timed
contacts are
controlled directly
by the timer coil,
as in a generalpurpose control
relay.
When
the coil is
energized, the
timed contacts
are prevented
from opening or
closing until the
time delay period
has elapsed.
However, when the
coil is deenergized, the
timed contacts
return
instantaneously to
their normal state

Mech
anica
l
Timin
g
Relay
(ONDela
y)

Time
d
Cont
Contact is open
when relay coil is
de-energized

Contact is closed
when relay coil is deenergized

When relay is
energized, there is
a time delay in
closing

When relay is
energized,
there is a time delay
in
opening

acts
Sym
bol

Time
d
Contact is normally
open when relay
coil is de-energized.

Contact is normally
closed when relay
coil is de-energized.

When relay coil is


energized, contact
closes instantly.

When relay coil is


energized, contact
opens instantly.

When relay coil is


de- energized,
there is a time
delay before the
contact opens

When relay coil is


de- energized, there
is a time delay
before the contact
closes

Cont
acts
Sym
bol

Sequence of Operation
S1 open, TD deenergized, TD1
open, L1 is off.

S1 closes, TD
energizes, timing
period starts,
TD1 still open, L1
is still off.

ON
Dela
y
Relay
Time

After 10 s, TD1
closes, L1 is
switched on.

r
Circu

S1 is opened, TD
de-energizes,
TD1 opens
instantly, L1 is
switched off.

it

ON-Delay Relay
Timer Circuit
(NCTO Contact)
S1 open, TD de-energized,
TD1 closed, L1 is on.
S1 closes, TD energizes,
timing period starts, TD1 is
still closed, L1 is still on.
After 10 s, TD1 opens, L1 is
switched off.
S1 is opened, TD deenergizes, TD1 closes
instantly, L1 is switched ON

Off-Delay Relay
Timer Circuit
S1
open, TD
de-energized,
(NOTO
Contact)
TD1 open, L1 is off.

S1 closes, TD energizes, TD1


closes instantly, L1 is
switched on.
S1 is opened, TD deenergizes, timing period
starts, TD1 is still closed, L1
is still on.
After 10 s, TD1 opens, L1 is
switched off.

Off-Delay Relay
Timer Circuit (NCTC
Contact)
S1 open, TD de-energized,
TD1 closed, L1 is on.
S1 closes, TD energizes, TD1
opens instantly, L1 is
switched off.
S1 is opened,
TD de-energizes, timing
period starts, TD1 is still
open, L1 is still off.
After 10 s, TD1 closes,
L1 is switched on.

Programmed Timer
Instructions
PLC timers are
output
instructions that
provide the
same functions
as timing relays
and solid state
timers.

Some advantages of PLC


timers:
Their settings can be altered
easily
The number of PLC timers used
can be increased or decreased
by programming changes
without wiring changes
The accuracy and repeatability
are extremely high

OMRON-Timer
a decrementing ON-delay timer instructions which require
a TIM number and a set value (SV).

TIM/CNT numbers run from 000 through 511. No


prefix is required when using a TIM/CNT number as a
definer
Once defined as a timer, a TIM/CNT number can be
prefixed with TIM for use as an operand in certain
instructions.

The TIM prefix is used regardless of the timer instruction


that was used to define the timer.

OMRON-Timer
In OMRON PLC, Any one
TIM/CNT number cannot
be defined twice, i.e.,
once it has been used as
the definer in any of the
timer or counter
instructions, it cannot be
used again.

Once defined, TIM/CNT


numbers can be used as
many times as required as
operands in instructions
other than timer and
counter instructions.

OMRON [TIMER-TIM]

SV is between 000.0 and 999.9.


The decimal point is not entered.
The EM area is available in
CQM1H-CPU61 CPU Units only.
Each TIM/CNT number can be
used as the definer in only one
TIMER or COUNTER instruction.

A timer is activated when


its execution condition
goes ON and is reset (to
SV) when the execution
condition goes OFF. Once
activated, TIM measures in
units of 0.1 second from
the SV.

TIM-Execution
If the execution condition
remains ON long enough
for TIM to time down to
zero, the Completion
Flag for the TIM/CNT
number used will turn ON
and will remain ON until
TIM is reset (i.e., until its
execution condition is
goes OFF).

TIM-Implementation
The timer set value must be BCD between #0000 and #9999.
Operation will be as follows if #0000 or #0001 is set.
If #0000 is set, the Completion Flag will turn ON as
soon as the timers execution condition turns ON.
If #0001 is set, the Completion Flag may turn ON as
soon as the timers execu- tion condition turns ON
because
timer accuracy is 0 to 0.1 s.
Consider the timer accuracy ( 0 to 0.1 s) when determining the
proper set value.

OMRON-High Speed
Timer TIMH(15)
the same way
as TIM except
that TIMH
measures in
units of 0.01
second

Operation
Operation

Limitation
Limitation
TIM/CNT 000
through TIM/CNT
015 should not
be used in TIM if
they are required
for TIMH(15).

High-speed timers with


timer numbers TIM/CNT
000 through TIM/CNT
015 will not be
inaccurate when the PC
Setup is set to perform
interrupt processing on
these timers.
High-speed timers with
timer numbers TIM/CNT
016 through TIM/CNT
511 will be inaccurate
when the cycle time
exceeds 10 ms.

Precaution
Precaution

OMRON [TIMH(15)]

SV is between 00.00 and 99.99. (Although


00.00 and 00.01 may be set, 00.00 will
disable the timer, i.e., turn ON the
Completion Flag immediately, and 00.01 is
not reliably scanned.) The decimal point is
not entered.
Use TIM/CNT numbers from 000 through 015.
High- speed timers with timer numbers
TIM/CNT 016 through TIM/CNT 511 should
not be used if the cycle time exceeds 10 ms.

A timer is activated when


its execution condition
goes ON and is reset (to
SV) when the execution
condition goes OFF. Once
activated, TIM measures
in units of 0.1 second
from the SV.

OMRON-TIMH(15) usage

Retentive Timer
A retentive timer accumulates time
whenever the device receives power, and
maintains the current time should power
be removed from the device. Once the
device accumulates time equal to its
preset value, the contacts of the device
change state. The retentive timer must be
intentionally reset with a separate signal
for the accumulated time to be reset.

Retentive Timer

Retentive ON-Delay Timing


Chart

Retentive=
Totalizing TIM in
OMRON

TTIM() is used to create


a timer that increments
the PV every 0.1 s to time
between 0.1 and 999.9 s.
TTIM() increments in
units of 0.1 second from
zero.

Operation
Operation

Condition
Condition
A TTIM() timer will time
as long as its execute
condition is ON until it
reaches the SV or until RB
turns ON to reset the
timer.

TTIM() timers will time


only as long as they are
executed every cycle, i.e.,
they do not time, but
maintain the current PV,
in interlocked program
sec- tions or when they
are jumped in the
program.

Precaution
Precaution

Ex: Retentive ONDelay Alarm Program

PRESSURE SWITCH
ON-OFF BEFORE
TIMING IS UPTTIM RETAIN PV

PRESSURE
SWITCH ON
UNTIL TIMING
IS UP
-ACTIVATING
HORN

Cascading Timers

Ex: Time-Delayed Motor Starting Program

Application of Timers